Montgomeryshire Genealogical Records

Montgomeryshire Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

North Wales Birth Index (1837-1995)

A growing index of births registered in the counties of North Wales. Records include a reference to the sub-registration district, making it easier to order the correct certificate.

FreeBMD Births (1837-1957)

An index to births registered at the central authority for England & Wales. The index provides the area where the birth was registered, mother's maiden name from September 1911 and a reference to order a birth certificate.

British Army Birth Index (1761-2005)

An index to births registered to British Army personal at home and abroad.

Birth Notices from The Times (1983-2003)

An index to over 100,000 birth and christening notices from The London Times.

Montgomeryshire Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2008)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

North Wales Marriage Index (1837-2000)

A growing index of marriages registered in the counties of North Wales. Records include a reference to the sub-registration district, making it easier to order the correct certificate.

UK Divorce Records (1858-1911)

Digital images of documents from civil divorce cases. The cases cover both the cause of the case and the outcome, such as division of property and visitation rights. These records also contain details of illegitimate children. Cases can be searched by a name index.

FreeBMD Marriages (1837-1961)

An index to marriages registered at the central authority for England & Wales. To March 1912 only the area of registration and name of one party is given. From then on, the spouse's surname is also given. Provides a reference, which can be used to order a marriage certificate with more details.

British Army Marriage Index (1796-2005)

An index to marriages registered for British Army personal at home and abroad.

Montgomeryshire Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

North Wales Death Index (1837-1996)

A growing index of deaths registered in the counties of North Wales. Records include a reference to the sub-registration district, making it easier to order the correct certificate.

FreeBMD Deaths (1837-1964)

An index to deaths registered at the central authority for England and Wales. To 1866, only the locality the death was registered in was listed. Age was listed until 1969, when the deceased's date of birth was listed. Provides a reference to order a death certificate, which has further details.

British Army Death Index (1796-2005)

An index to deaths of British Army personal at home and abroad.

Death Notices from The Times (1982-1988)

An index to over 54,000 death notices and obituaries from The London Times.

Montgomeryshire Church Records

Montgomeryshire Parish Registers (1574-1993)

The primary source of documentation for baptisms, marriages and burials before 1837, though useful to the present also.

Wales Parish Registers (1914-2013)

The parish registers of Wales are a collection of books documenting baptisms, marriages and burials from 1914 to 2013.

Wales Parish Registers (1817-1934)

The primary source of documentation for baptisms, marriages and burials before 1837, though useful to the present also.

The Welsh Church Year Book (1929)

Important information relating to the church, including jurisdictions and names of ministers, archdeacons etc.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

Montgomeryshire Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Montgomeryshire Hearth Tax (1664-1665)

A transcript of records naming those who had a tax levied for the privilege of owning a hearth. Ordered by hundred.

1901 British Census (1901)

The 1901 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1891 British Census (1891)

The 1891 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1881 British Census (1881)

The 1881 census provides details on an individual's age, residence and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows for searches on multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Montgomeryshire Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Welsh Probate Index & Images (1521-1858)

An index to most surviving wills, administrations and inventories proved in Wales' six ecclesiastical courts and the Peculiar of Hawarden. Most documents are available to view online.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (PPV) (1384-1858)

A index to testators whose will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. They principally cover those who lived in the lower two thirds of Britain, but contain wills for residents of Scotland, Ireland, British India and other countries. A copy of each will may be purchased for digital download.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (Subscription) (1384-1858)

An index and digital images of PCC wills, available on a subscription basis.

Wales Probate Abstracts (1544-1858)

Abstracts detailing people, properties and other details recorded in wills proved in Welsh diocesan courts.

Newspapers Covering Montgomeryshire

Montgomeryshire Collections (1902-1942)

A journal containing scholarly articles on Montgomeryshire archaeology, history and genealogy.

Montgomery County Times (1893-1900)

A conservative newspaper covering local and district news, family notices, sport etc. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

Montgomeryshire Express and Radnor Times (1892-1908)

A weekly, liberal newspaper covering local, national and foreign news, agricultural matters and literature. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

North Wales Express (1878-1910)

A weekly newspaper covering local, parliamentary, community and religious news. It contained family announcements. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

Dydd (1868-1910)

A weekly Welsh-language newspaper the covered political, religious and other news from an Independent perspective. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

Montgomeryshire Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Montgomeryshire Cemeteries

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Mausolea and Monuments (1500-Present)

Profiles of several hundred mausolea found in the British Isles.

Maritime Memorials (1588-1950)

Several thousand transcribed memorials remembering those connected with the nautical occupations.

Rail & Canal Photographs Catalog (1880-1970)

A searchable database of photographs relating to railways and canals in Britain.

Rail & Canal Monuments (1800-1950)

Details of monuments and plaques related to canals and railways. Contains some photographs.

Montgomeryshire Directories & Gazetteers

Slater's Directory of North & Mid Wales (1895)

Historical and contemporary descriptions of settlements, detailing their governance, churches, schools etc.; to which is appended lists of residents, with their occupations.

Slater's Directory, North and Mid Wales (1895)

Historical and contemporary descriptions of settlements, detailing their governance, churches, schools etc.; to which is appended lists of residents, with their occupations.

Cassey's Directory of the Chief Towns in North Wales (1876)

A directory of the region's nobility, gentry, clergy, traders and professionals. Supplemented with a directory of churches and public schools.

Slater's Directory, North Wales (1850)

Historical and contemporary descriptions of settlements, detailing their governance, churches, schools etc.; to which is appended lists of residents, with their occupations.

Pigot's Directory of North Wales (1844)

Pigot's is a directory briefly detailing the history, topography, amenities and postal service of settlements in North Wales. It also lists the occupation & addresses of commercial, private and professional residents of each town.

Home Office Prison Calendars (1868-1929)

Records of over 300,000 prisoners held by quarter sessions in England & Wales. Records may contain age, occupation, criminal history, offence and trial proceedings.

Central Criminal Court After-trial Calendars (1855-1931)

Over 175,000 records detailing prisoner's alleged offences and the outcome of their trial. Contains genealogical information.

Prison Hulk Registers (1802-1849)

From the late 18th century many prisoners in Britain were kept on decommissioned ships known as hulks. This collection contains nearly 50 years of registers for various ships. Details given include: prisoner's name, date received, age, year of birth and conviction details.

England & Wales Criminal Registers (1791-1892)

This collection lists brief details on 1.55 million criminal cases in England and Wales between 1791 and 1892. Its primary use is to locate specific legal records, which may give further details on the crime and the accused. Details may include the accused's age, nature of crime, location of trial and sentence. Early records can contain a place of birth.

Old Bailey Online (1674-1913)

A database of almost 200,000 fully transcribed criminal cases. Access to original documents is also provided. Records may provide ages and place of birth.

Montgomeryshire Taxation Records

Montgomeryshire Hearth Tax (1664-1665)

A transcript of records naming those who had a tax levied for the privilege of owning a hearth. Ordered by hundred.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures (1710-1811)

An index linked to original images of registers recording apprenticeship indentures. Details are given on the trade and nature of apprenticeship. Many records list the parents of the apprentice.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Index to the Royalist Composition Papers (A-F) (1646-1656)

Index to personal names listed in the Royalist Composition Papers that dealt with the estates of royalists.

Montgomeryshire Land & Property Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1291)

Abstracts of records detailing the estates and families of deceased tenants from the reigns of Henry III and Edward I.

NLW Manuscript Transcripts (1200-2000)

A searchable database of thousands of transcribed and abstracted manuscripts, largely pertaining to land.

Landowners of England & Wales (1873)

A list of owners of above one acre of land in England & Wales. Lists a landowner's residence, acreage and estimated gross yearly rental.

Montgomeryshire Occupation & Business Records

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

UK Medical Registers (1859-1959)

Books listing doctors who were licensed to operate in Britain and abroad. Contains doctor's residencies, qualification and date of registration.

Railway Employment Records (1833-1963)

A rich collection of records documenting those who worked for railway companies that were later absorbed by the government. Records include: staff registers, station transfers, pensions, accident records, apprentice records, caution books, and memos. Records may include date of birth, date of death and name of father.

Royal Navy Medical Journals (1817-1857)

Indexed medical journals from British ships containing personal and medical details of patients. The journals list names, ages, rank/status, diseases, illness duration and notes on symptoms and treatment. Contains details on military men as well as people immigrating or being deported to colonies.

British Postal Service Appointment Books (1737-1969)

This collection gives brief details on the appointment of over 1.4 million people who worked for the Post Office. Includes references to corresponding data in the Postmaster General’s minute books and is a starting point for research in the rich archive of the British Postal Museum.

Montgomeryshire School & Education Records

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge Alumni Database (1198-1910)

A searchable database containing over 90,000 note-form biographies for students of Cambridge University.

Dissenting Academy Database (1660-1860)

Histories of schools operated by non-conformist clergy.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Montgomeryshire

The Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire (1540-1639)

Biographies of Montgomeryshire sheriffs with much information on their families and arms. Also contains detail on deputy sheriffs.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Ancestry Member Family Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A compilation of lineage-linked family trees submitted by Ancestry users. The database contains over 2 billion individuals and is searchable by numerous metrics.

Montgomeryshire Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

The Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire (1540-1639)

Biographies of Montgomeryshire sheriffs with much information on their families and arms. Also contains detail on deputy sheriffs.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage (1921)

A dictionary of families elevated to the peerage of Great Britain & Ireland. It includes genealogies and biographical details.

Montgomeryshire Military Records

Powys WWI Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War One monuments in Powys, with some service details.

Powys WWII Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War Two monuments in Powys, with some service details.

Prisoners of War of British Army (1939-1945)

A searchable list of over 100,000 British Army POWs. Records contains details on the captured, their military career and where they were held prisoner.

British Prisoners of World War II (1939-1945)

Details on around 165,000 men serving in the British Army, Navy and Air Force who were held as prisoners during WWII.

British Army WWI Medal Rolls (1914-1920)

Index and original images of over 5 million medal index cards for British soldiers It can be searched by individual's name, Coprs, Unit and Regiment. Due to the loss of many WWI service records, this is the most complete source for British WWI soldiers

Montgomeryshire Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Aliens Entry Books (1794-1921)

An un-indexed collection of over 100,000 documents of correspondence and other documents of the Home Office and the Aliens Office. Contains a great deal of information on aliens and those who applied for naturalisation.

Montgomeryshire Histories & Books

Montgomeryshire Collections (1902-1942)

A journal containing scholarly articles on Montgomeryshire archaeology, history and genealogy.

The Sheriffs of Montgomeryshire (1540-1639)

Biographies of Montgomeryshire sheriffs with much information on their families and arms. Also contains detail on deputy sheriffs.

Powys Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in Powys.

Geograph: Photos of the UK and Ireland (2005-Present)

A growing database including millions of photographs of the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Ireland catalogued by latitude & longitude and OS grid reference.

Britain from Above (1919-1953)

Ariel photographs of the British Isles. Browsable by location.

Biographical Directories Covering Montgomeryshire

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

The Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1654-1930)

A directory containing lengthy biographies of noted British figures. The work took over two decades to compile. Biographies can be searched by name and are linked to images of the original publication.

Church of England Clergy Database (1500-1835)

A database of CoE clergy, giving details of their education of service. Contains references to source documents. Also contains profiles of various church institutions.

Montgomeryshire Maps

Maps of Montgomeryshire (1610-1880)

A collection of digitalised maps covering the county.

Ordnance Survey Maps of Wales (1868-1954)

An interactive map featuring four OS map editions published between 1868 and 1954. To load a map select the menu tab on the far right, select the edition you wish to view and zoom in to a locality.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Ordnance Survey One-inch to the Mile Maps (1945-1947)

High-quality digital reproductions of maps plotting, settlements, roads, natural features and other features in England & Wales.

Montgomeryshire Reference Works

Wales Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in Wales.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

British Family Mottoes (1189-Present)

A dictionary of around 9,000 mottoes for British families who had right to bear arms.

Montgomeryshire Information

Historical Description

Montgomeryshire is bounded on the north by Merionethshire and Denbighshire, on the north-east and east by Shropshire, the south by Cardiganshire and Radnorshire, likewise Cardiganshire, with a part of Merionethshire, on the west. It extends 40 miles in length, and 37 in breadth, and contains acres of land, having about 60, 000 arable, pasturage, and about 250, 000 uncultivated, including woodlands. It is divided into nine hundreds, viz. Cawrse, Deuddwr, Llanvyllin, Llanidloes, Machynlleth, Mathraval, Montgomery, Newtown, and Pool; containing 7 market-towns, 47 parishes, 9349 houses, and 51, 931 inhabitants. It sends two members to parliament, and lies in the dioceses of St. Asaph, Bangor, and Hereford.

The air is mild and salubrious, but the county is barren and mountainous in many parts, yet perhaps affords a greater variety of fertile vale and plain than most of our Welsh counties.

The riches of Montgomeryshire proceed from its sheep, wool, and flannels, with other coarse cloth manufactured from this annual produce; for the hills are almost entirely sheep-walks, while the farms, situate in small vallies, appear only appendages for their winter habitations and provision. The manufactures are collected through the county, once or twice a year, and sent to Welsh Pool, whence in a rough state they are carried to Shrewsbury, to be finished and exported; which, traffic Dyer describes thus:

The northern Cambrians, an industrious tribe, Carry their labours on Pygmean steeds,

Of size exceeding not Leicestrian sheep,

Yet strong and sprightly: over hill and dale They travel unfatigued, and lay their bales In Salop’s streets, beneath whose lofty walls Pearly Sabrina waits them with her barks,

And spreads the swelling sheet. Fleece.

This county also affords mineral treasures, particularly a rich lead-mine at Llanganog, in the northern angle, and near it a large slate quarry; but coals are no where to be found within the county, consequently the inhabitants are obliged to use wood or peat as a substitute. A considerable part, particularly the vallies and level tracts, are well-watered by many brooks and rivulets, and some rivers, of which the Severn is the principal; to these might be added some large streams, as the Firnwy and Taned, remarkable for a variety of fish, particularly salmon, which penetrate up the Severn almost to Plinlimmon.

Topography of Great Britain, written: 1802-29 by George Alexander Cooke

MONTGOMERYSHIRE, an inland county of North Wales, is bounded on the south-east, east, and north-east by the county of Salop and a small detached portion of Denbighshire, on the north by Denbighshire, on the north-west and west by Merionethshire, on the southwest by Cardiganshire, and on the south by Radnorshire.

Montgomeryshire at the time of the Roman invasion was, in common with nearly all the rest of North Wales, included in the territory of the Ordovices; later, on the division of the sovereignty of North Wales towards the end of the ninth century, it formed part of the Kingdom of Powys; this kingdom, after the Norman Conquest, became an object of attack to the foreign adventurers, and one of them named Baldwyn, having partially subjected the district, built a fortress at the present town of Montgomery, then called by the Welsh “Tre Valdwyn,” or “Baldwyn’s Town”; the castle, however, appears to have soon fallen into the possession of the Welsh, since Roger de Montgomery entered Powys-land a few years later and took the castle and town of Tre Valdwyn, which he fortified anew and gave to it his own name of Montgomery, which it has ever since retained and communicated to the county.

The county is irregular in form and extends from Llyn Penrhaiadr, on the western border, to Hissington, near its eastern extremity, for a distance of 37 miles; the distance from Trinr-y-Sarn mountain, on the northern border, to Dirvel, at its southernmost point, is 36 miles; the total area is 510,111 acres. A great portion of the county consists of wild and sterile mountains. The Plinlimmon, or southern range of mountains, commences on the north-east with the Breidden hills, and includes the Long Mountains as far as Nant Cribba, and hence, by Montgomery, along the Kerry hills to the the Llangurig mountains, terminating with Plinlimmon, summit of which rises to an altitude of 2,463 feet; this is surrounded by various other heights of less elevation, of which the Biga mountains form a line of high tableland; the range extending from Plinlimmon northward between Llanbrynmair and Carno, and by Llyn Gwyddior into Merionethshire, forms the parting ridge between the rivers flowing eastward and those taking a contrary direction. The principal rivers are the Severn, with its tributaries the Vyrnwy and Tanat, all of which descend eastward from the mountain ridge running across the western part of the county, and the Dovey, flowing westward from the same ridge; the Wye also has its source on the southern side of Plinlimmon in this county, and pursuing a south-easterly course by Llangurig, enters Radnorshire south of that place. The Severn has its source on the eastern side of Plinlimmon, and, descending in a mountain torrent, it passes eastward through the narrow vale of Glyn Havren, being joined in its course by the small streams Backwy and Glaslyn, and also, near Llanidloes, by the Clywedog; thence, continuing to the north-east, it flows through Newtown, receiving the water of many small rivulets in its course, to Welshpool; and at Pool Quay, a little below that town, it becomes navigable, and, gradually assuming an easterly course, flows onward in a deep bed until, being joined from the north-west by the Vyrnwy, which rises in the vicinity of Bwlch-y-Vedwen, near the confines of Merionethshire, and its tributary the Tanat from the Berwyn mountains, it enters the county of Salop. The Dovey, descending from the foot of Arran Fowddwy, in Merionethshire, enters the county by Aber Angell, and flows in a south-westerly direction through a valley to Machynlleth, when it forms the western boundary of the county, which it wholly quits on being joined by a small stream from the heights around Plinlimmon. The Montgomeryshire canal enters the county north of Llandysilio, and proceeds along the Severn valley to Welshpool, and thence by Berriew and Garthmill to Newtown, where it terminates.

The railways in Montgomeryshire almost wholly form part of the Cambrian Company’s system; the main line enters the county at its north-eastern extremity, a short distance from Llanmynech station, on the confines of Salop, whence there is a branch westward to Llanfyllin by way of Llansaintffraid, Llanfechain, and Bryngwyn; the line takes a south-westerly direction, and is joined at Buttington, 2 ½ miles north-east of Welshpool by a joint line of the London and North-Western and Great Western railways from Shrewsbury to Welshpool; continuing from this place, in close proximity to the course of the river Severn through Montgomery Abermule (a short branch here to Kerry and Newtown), Moat Lane Junction is reached, when the railway sweeps to the north-west and passes through Caersws, Pontdolgoch, Carno, and Llanbrynmair to Cemmes road, the change-station for the Mawddwy railway, which runs northwards to Dinas Mawddwy, in Merionethshire; again taking a south-westerly direction the line runs through Machynlleth, and passes out of the county a short distance from Glan Dovey station. Machynlleth is the change-station for the Corris railway, and from Glan Dovey a branch runs to the seaside resorts of Aberytswith and Borth. From Moat Lane Junction a branch to the south passes through Llandinam, Dolwen, and Llanidloes into Radnorshire. The county of Montgomery is brought in direct communication with the systems of the London and North-Western and Great Western railways by the Shrewsbury and Welshpool joint line, which connects with the Cambrian railway at Buttington and Welshpool. The Corris railway is a narrow-gauge line from Machynlleth; it crosses the river Dovey into Merionethshire about a mile north of Machynlleth. The Mawddwy railway is a short line from Cemmes Road station on the Cambrian main line, running northwards through Cemmes and Aberangell, where it crosses into Merionethshire, to Dinas Mawddwy.

The principal commerce of Montgomeryshire is the manufacture of flannel, which is produced in great quantities, the trade being mostly confined to the middle and southern part of the county, where many carding and spinning mills have been established on the various rivers; the chief seat of the trade is Newtown.

Montgomeryshire contains 69 civil parishes with par of one other, and is partly in the dioceses of Bangor, Hereford, and St. Asaph. The portion in Bangor diocese is within the archdeaconry of Merioneth, and is in the rural deaneries of Arwystli, Cyfeiliog, and Estimaner. The portion in Hereford diocese is within the archdeaconry of Ludlow, and is in the rural deaneries of Clun, Pontesbury, and Montgomery. The portion in St. Asaph is within the archdeaconry of Montgomery, and in the rural deaneries of Coedwen, Caereinon, Llanfyllin, Oswestry, and Pool. The county is in the North Wales Division of the North and South Wales and Chester Circuit, and has one court of quarter sessions, and is divided into fourteen petty sessional divisions. The borough of Welshpool has a separate commission of the peace, but no separate court of quarter sessions. Welshpool is the seat of the assizes, and quarter sessions are held there alternately with Newtown. The municipal boroughs are: Llanfyllin, population in 1891, 1,753; Llanidloes, 2,574; Montgomery, 1,098; and Welshpool, 6,501. Other market towns are: Llanfair, Caereinion, Machynlleth, and Newtown.

The registration districts are:

NoNameAreaPopulation in 1891
613Machynlleth128,76410,826
614Newtown176,15721,722
615Forden89,73816,313
616Llanfyllin195,18718,436

Montgomery County Council

Local Government Act, 1888, 51 & 52 Viet. c. 41.

Under the above Act, Montgomeryshire, after the 1st April 1889, for the purposes of the Act, became an administrative county (sec. 46), governed by a County Council, consisting of chairman, aldermen, and councillors (the number of councillors being determined by the Local Government Board), to be elected in manner prescribed by the Act (sec. 2).

The chairman shall, by virtue of his office, be a justice of the peace for the county, without qualification (sec. 46).

The police for the county are under the control of a standing joint committee of the Quarter Sessions and the County Council, appointed as therein mentioned (sec. 9).

The coroners for the county are elected by the County Council, and the clerk of the peace appointed by such joint committee, and may be removed by them (sec. 83-2).

The clerk of the peace for the county is also the clerk of the County Council (sec. 83-1).

The administrative business of the county (which would, if this Act had not been passed, have been transacted by the justices) is transacted by the County Council.

Meet at Newtown.

The following Table shows the acreage under each kind of crop & the number of cattle, horses, sheep & pigs in Montgomeryshire, as taken from the Agricultural Returns, 1893:

CropsAcresLive StockNumbers
Corn & cereals44,467Horses used solely for agriculture7,281
Roots, cabbage, vetches & other green crops10,852Unbroken horses6,840
Clover & grasses28,812Brood mares1,488
Permanent pasture190,514Cows in milk or calf23,314
Bare fallow 1,445Other cattle, 2 years & above15,525
Market gardens15Other cattle, 1 year & under 217,717
Nursery grounds 34Other cattle, under 1 year 16,795
Orchards511Ewes kept for breeding136,364
Mountain & heathland100,880Other sheep, 1 year old & above123,842
Woods & plantations23,728Other sheep, under 1 year126,002
  Sows kept for breeding3,469
  Other pigs16,093
Slater's Directory of North and Mid Wales (1895)

Surnames Found in Montgomeryshire

RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
1Jones9,12514.29
2Evans5,0047.83
3Davies4,5987.20
4Williams2,7724.34
5Owen1,6042.51
6Lewis1,5492.43
7Roberts1,5332.40
8Thomas1,4712.30
9Hughes1,4572.28
10Morris1,3642.14
11Edwards1,2551.96
12Morgan1,1041.73
13Lloyd1,0561.65
14Griffiths1,0461.64
15Humphreys9401.47
16Pugh7641.20
17Pryce6601.03
18Richards6290.98
19Rowlands4990.78
20Owens4760.75
21Hamer4480.70
22Parry4380.69
23Rees4350.68
24Ellis3600.56
25Francis3560.56
26James3290.52
27Brown3170.50
28Watkin3160.49
29Morgans2970.47
30Gittins2900.45
31Price2890.45
32Breese2660.42
33Rogers2620.41
34Mills2620.41
35Smith2520.39
36Bowen2510.39
37Jenkins2450.38
38Bennett2430.38
39Jerman2430.38
40Bebb2320.36
41Phillips2290.36
42Powell2260.35
43Meredith2140.34
44Watkins2080.33
45Benbow2050.32
46Pritchard2040.32
47Jarman2010.31
48Ashton1950.31
49Wood1890.30
50Vaughan1700.27
51Trow1680.26
52Tudor1670.26
53Astley1610.25
54Oliver1600.25
55Breeze1600.25
56Howells1560.24
57Stephens1540.24
58Reese1540.24
59George1470.23
60Harris1340.21
61Goodwin1340.21
62Turner1280.20
63Woosnam1260.20
64Andrew1170.18
65Ingram1130.18
66Jervis1100.17
67Higgins1070.17
68Gough1000.16
69Wilson990.16
70Chapman940.15
71Corfield910.14
72Harding860.13
73Kinsey840.13
74Pierce830.13
75Mathews810.13
76Bevan800.13
77Arthur800.13
78Manuel790.12
79Bumford790.12
80Howell770.12
81Griffith760.12
82Davis750.12
83Foulkes750.12
84Weaver730.11
85Matthews720.11
86Blayney680.11
87Worthington670.10
88Gwilt660.10
89Barrett650.10
90Reynolds640.10
91Peate630.10
92Ridge620.10
93Swain600.09
94Bailey590.09
95Taylor580.09
96Gethin580.09
97Green570.09
98Farmer570.09
99Preece570.09
100Savage560.09