Maesteg Genealogical Records

Maesteg Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

FreeBMD Births (1837-1957)

An index to births registered at the central authority for England & Wales. The index provides the area where the birth was registered, mother's maiden name from September 1911 and a reference to order a birth certificate.

British Army Birth Index (1761-2005)

An index to births registered to British Army personal at home and abroad.

Birth Notices from The Times (1983-2003)

An index to over 100,000 birth and christening notices from The London Times.

Non-conformist Baptisms (1567-1858)

An index connected to original images of non-conformist (other than Church of England) baptism registers from throughout England & Wales. If you cannot find your ancestors in Anglican baptism registers, you may find them among these records.

Maesteg Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2008)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Glamorgan Marriage Index (1569-1869)

A county-wide index to marriages in nearly 2,000 Glamorgan chapels and churches.

UK Divorce Records (1858-1911)

Digital images of documents from civil divorce cases. The cases cover both the cause of the case and the outcome, such as division of property and visitation rights. These records also contain details of illegitimate children. Cases can be searched by a name index.

FreeBMD Marriages (1837-1961)

An index to marriages registered at the central authority for England & Wales. To March 1912 only the area of registration and name of one party is given. From then on, the spouse's surname is also given. Provides a reference, which can be used to order a marriage certificate with more details.

British Army Marriage Index (1796-2005)

An index to marriages registered for British Army personal at home and abroad.

Maesteg Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Bethania, Maesteg Burial Registers (1817-1988)

Records of burial for people buried at Bethania, Maesteg between 1817 and 1988. Details include the deceased's name, residence and age.

Bethania Welsh Baptist, Maesteg Burial Records (1817-1988)

An index of burials recorded at Bethania Welsh Baptist, Maesteg_. The index includes the name of the deceased, the date of burial, age (where available) and occasionally other notes.

Glamorgan Burial Index (1569-1999)

An index to over 300,000 burials from 134 churches in the county of Glamorgan. The index includes the name of the deceased, the date & place of burial and their age at death.

Glamorganshire Quaker Burials (1668-1963)

An index to burials recorded at Quaker meetings. The records contain the name of the deceased, the date they were buried and their age.

Maesteg Church Records

Glamorganshire Parish Registers (1541-1980)

Documentation for those baptised, married and buried at Glamorganshire. Parish registers can assist tracing a family back numerous generations.

Wales Parish Registers (1914-2013)

The parish registers of Wales are a collection of books documenting baptisms, marriages and burials from 1914 to 2013.

Wales Parish Registers (1538-1934)

The primary source of documentation for baptisms, marriages and burials before 1837, though useful to the present also.

The Welsh Church Year Book (1929)

Important information relating to the church, including jurisdictions and names of ministers, archdeacons etc.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

Maesteg Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Glamorgan Hearth Tax Assesment (1670)

A transcription of records naming those who had taxes levied against them for the privilege of owning a hearth.

West Glamorgan Electoral Registers (1839-1925)

Digital images recording those eligible to vote in part of Glamorganshire.

1901 British Census (1901)

The 1901 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1891 British Census (1891)

The 1891 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Maesteg Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Welsh Probate Index & Images (1521-1858)

An index to most surviving wills, administrations and inventories proved in Wales' six ecclesiastical courts and the Peculiar of Hawarden. Most documents are available to view online.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (PPV) (1384-1858)

A index to testators whose will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. They principally cover those who lived in the lower two thirds of Britain, but contain wills for residents of Scotland, Ireland, British India and other countries. A copy of each will may be purchased for digital download.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (Subscription) (1384-1858)

An index and digital images of PCC wills, available on a subscription basis.

Wales Probate Abstracts (1544-1858)

Abstracts detailing people, properties and other details recorded in wills proved in Welsh diocesan courts.

Newspapers Covering Maesteg

Merthyr Pioneer (1914-1919)

A weekly newspaper covering local news and family announcements, but also used as a fiery pulpit for Socialism. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

Aberdare Leader (1902-1919)

A weekly newspaper covering local news and family announcements in the Aberdare Valley, Mountain Ash, Merthyr Tydfil, Pontypridd and Glyn Neath area. The full text of editions can be searched and digital images of the pages can be viewed.

Llais Llafur (1914-1919)

A Welsh- and English-language newspaper that predominantly covered local news. It was a left-wing publication. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

Publications of The South Wales Record Society (1987-1994)

A journal publishing historical sources relating to South Wales, with introductory texts, indexes and illustrations.

Gwent Local History (1976-2006)

A twice-yearly English-language local history journal containing articles on historical topics, with references, book reviews, notes and news.

Maesteg Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Maesteg Cemeteries

Glamorgan Monumental Inscriptions (1600-1995)

An index to vital details engraved on over 80,000 gravestones and other monuments across the county of Glamorgan.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Mausolea and Monuments (1500-Present)

Profiles of several hundred mausolea found in the British Isles.

Maritime Memorials (1588-1950)

Several thousand transcribed memorials remembering those connected with the nautical occupations.

Rail & Canal Photographs Catalog (1880-1970)

A searchable database of photographs relating to railways and canals in Britain.

Maesteg Directories & Gazetteers

Kelly's Directory, South Wales (1923)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory, South Wales (1910)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key historical and contemporary facts. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions. Also contains a list of residents and businesses for each place.

Kelly's Directory, South Wales (1901)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire & S Wales (1895)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Kelly's Directory, South Wales (1895)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Home Office Prison Calendars (1868-1929)

Records of over 300,000 prisoners held by quarter sessions in England & Wales. Records may contain age, occupation, criminal history, offence and trial proceedings.

Central Criminal Court After-trial Calendars (1855-1931)

Over 175,000 records detailing prisoner's alleged offences and the outcome of their trial. Contains genealogical information.

Prison Hulk Registers (1802-1849)

From the late 18th century many prisoners in Britain were kept on decommissioned ships known as hulks. This collection contains nearly 50 years of registers for various ships. Details given include: prisoner's name, date received, age, year of birth and conviction details.

England & Wales Criminal Registers (1791-1892)

This collection lists brief details on 1.55 million criminal cases in England and Wales between 1791 and 1892. Its primary use is to locate specific legal records, which may give further details on the crime and the accused. Details may include the accused's age, nature of crime, location of trial and sentence. Early records can contain a place of birth.

Old Bailey Online (1674-1913)

A database of almost 200,000 fully transcribed criminal cases. Access to original documents is also provided. Records may provide ages and place of birth.

Maesteg Taxation Records

Glamorgan Hearth Tax Assesment (1670)

A transcription of records naming those who had taxes levied against them for the privilege of owning a hearth.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures (1710-1811)

An index linked to original images of registers recording apprenticeship indentures. Details are given on the trade and nature of apprenticeship. Many records list the parents of the apprentice.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Index to the Royalist Composition Papers (A-F) (1646-1656)

Index to personal names listed in the Royalist Composition Papers that dealt with the estates of royalists.

Maesteg Land & Property Records

West Glamorgan Electoral Registers (1839-1925)

Digital images recording those eligible to vote in part of Glamorganshire.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1291)

Abstracts of records detailing the estates and families of deceased tenants from the reigns of Henry III and Edward I.

NLW Manuscript Transcripts (1200-2000)

A searchable database of thousands of transcribed and abstracted manuscripts, largely pertaining to land.

Maesteg Occupation & Business Records

Swansea Gazette & Daily Shipping Register (1909-1910)

A liberal newspaper that predominantly covered mercantile and shipping matters. It did not contain family announcements. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

Smuggling on the West Coast (1690-1867)

An introduction to smuggling on the west coast of Britain & the Isle of Man, with details of the act in various regions.

West Country Police in Glamorgan (1839-1901)

An index of Glamorgan police officers who came from the West Country.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

UK Medical Registers (1859-1959)

Books listing doctors who were licensed to operate in Britain and abroad. Contains doctor's residencies, qualification and date of registration.

Maesteg School & Education Records

Glamorgan Schools Admission Registers (1768-1911)

Transcriptions of admission registers for 10 Glamorganshire schools. Records contain date of birth and the name of a pupil's parent or guardian.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge Alumni Database (1198-1910)

A searchable database containing over 90,000 note-form biographies for students of Cambridge University.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Maesteg

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Ancestry Member Family Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A compilation of lineage-linked family trees submitted by Ancestry users. The database contains over 2 billion individuals and is searchable by numerous metrics.

Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage (1921)

A dictionary of families elevated to the peerage of Great Britain & Ireland. It includes genealogies and biographical details.

Maesteg Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage (1921)

A dictionary of families elevated to the peerage of Great Britain & Ireland. It includes genealogies and biographical details.

Burke's Landed Gentry of Britain & Ireland (1885)

Lineages of Britain and Ireland's untitled landed families; supplemented with biographical sketches.

Maesteg Military Records

Prisoners of War of British Army (1939-1945)

A searchable list of over 100,000 British Army POWs. Records contains details on the captured, their military career and where they were held prisoner.

British Prisoners of World War II (1939-1945)

Details on around 165,000 men serving in the British Army, Navy and Air Force who were held as prisoners during WWII.

British Army WWI Medal Rolls (1914-1920)

Index and original images of over 5 million medal index cards for British soldiers It can be searched by individual's name, Coprs, Unit and Regiment. Due to the loss of many WWI service records, this is the most complete source for British WWI soldiers

British Army WWI Service Records (1914-1920)

This rich collection contains contains records for 1.9 million non-commissioned officers and other ranks who fought in WWI. Due to bomb damage in WWI, around 60% of service records were lost. Documents cover: enlistment, medical status, injuries, conduct, awards and discharge. A great deal of genealogical and biographical documentation can be found in these documents, including details on entire families, physical descriptions and place of birth.

Silver War Badges (1914-1920)

An index to nearly 900,000 military personnel who were awarded the Silver War Badge for sustaining injures. Records include rank, regimental number, unit, dates of enlistment and discharge, and reason for discharge.

Maesteg Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Aliens Entry Books (1794-1921)

An un-indexed collection of over 100,000 documents of correspondence and other documents of the Home Office and the Aliens Office. Contains a great deal of information on aliens and those who applied for naturalisation.

Maesteg Histories & Books

Publications of The South Wales Record Society (1987-1994)

A journal publishing historical sources relating to South Wales, with introductory texts, indexes and illustrations.

Gwent Local History (1976-2006)

A twice-yearly English-language local history journal containing articles on historical topics, with references, book reviews, notes and news.

Cardiff Naturalists' Society Reports (1899-1986)

An annual journal containing scholarly articles on geology, archaeology and natural history, with book reviews and society notes.

Vale of Glamorgan Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in Vale of Glamorgan.

Geograph: Photos of the UK and Ireland (2005-Present)

A growing database including millions of photographs of the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Ireland catalogued by latitude & longitude and OS grid reference.

Biographical Directories Covering Maesteg

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

The Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1654-1930)

A directory containing lengthy biographies of noted British figures. The work took over two decades to compile. Biographies can be searched by name and are linked to images of the original publication.

Church of England Clergy Database (1500-1835)

A database of CoE clergy, giving details of their education of service. Contains references to source documents. Also contains profiles of various church institutions.

Maesteg Maps

Maps of Glamorgan (1617-1922)

A collection of digitalised maps covering the county.

Ordnance Survey Maps of Wales (1868-1954)

An interactive map featuring four OS map editions published between 1868 and 1954. To load a map select the menu tab on the far right, select the edition you wish to view and zoom in to a locality.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Ordnance Survey One-inch to the Mile Maps (1945-1947)

High-quality digital reproductions of maps plotting, settlements, roads, natural features and other features in England & Wales.

Maesteg Reference Works

Wales Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in Wales.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

British Family Mottoes (1189-Present)

A dictionary of around 9,000 mottoes for British families who had right to bear arms.

Maesteg Information

Civil Jurisdiction:

Historical Description

MAESTEG is a large, populous and straggling district, with a station on the Llynvi and Ogmore branch (South Wales section), of the Great Western railway, 198 miles by rail from London, 68 from Bristol, 28 from Cardiff, 9 south-east from Neath and 8 north-west from Bridgend by rail and 9 by road; it is in the Mid division of the county of Glamorgan, and in the hamlet of Cwmdu and parish of Higher Llangynwyd, hundred of Newcastle Higher, petty sessional division of Newcastle and Ogmore, Bridgend and Cowbridge union and county court district, and in the eastern division of the rural deanery of Upper Groneath, and archdeaconry and diocese of Llandaff.

Maesteg was, by Order in Council of 5th June, 1858, constituted a district under the “Public Health Act, 1848” (11 and 12 Vict. c. 63), and its affairs were administered by a Local Board, but an urban district council has been formed, under the “Local Government Act, 1894” (56 and 57 Vict. c. 73). By Order in Council of Sept. 13, 1894, the district was divided into three wards, termed respectively north, east and west, each ward to be represented by four members.

The town is lighted with gas by the Llynvi Valley Gas Company, and is supplied with water by means of pipes from springs and wells.

The church of St. Cynwyd, Llangynwyd, is an ancient building of stone in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, south porch, and an embattled western tower containing 6 bells: the church was restored in 1893, by the late Miss Olive Talbot, at a cost of over £3,000: there are 160 sittings. The register dates from the year 1662. The living is a vicarage, with the curacies of Maesteg and Baiden annexed, tithe rent-charge (vicarial) £170, average £126, gross income £287, net £280, with 2 acres of glebe and residence, in the gift of the Bishop of Llandaff, and held since 1891 by the Rev. Stephen Jackson, of St. David’s College, Lampeter. The chapel of ease at Maesteg, erected in 1852, is a building of stone in the Gothic style, consisting of chancel and nave, and a small bell turret containing one bell: it will seat about 240 persons.

The church of St. Peter, Spelter, erected in 1887 at a cost of £1,200, is a building of stone, in the Gothic style, consisting of chancel, nave and a small turret containing one bell: there are 200 sittings: the Rev. Samuel Griffith has been curate in charge since 1892.

The church of St. Mary the Virgin, Garth, erected in 1892, at a cost of £2,500, by the late Miss Olive Talbot, is a building of stone, in the Early English style, consisting of chancel, nave, organ chamber and vestry, and a small turret containing one bell: there are 240 sittings: the Rev. Evan Ellis, of St. Aidan’s, has been curate in charge since 1889.

The church of St. Gabriel, Abrgrwynfi, erected in 1894, by the late Miss Olive Talbot, at a cost of £3,500, is a building of stone, in the Gothic style, consisting of chancel, nave, vestry, and a small turret containing one bell: there are 450 sittings; the Rev. Richard William Evans, of St. Bees, has been curate in charge since 1895.

The church of St. John, Cymmer, is a small building, erected in 1889—90, at a cost of £500, with a chancel and vestry added in 1893: it will seat about 200.

St. Thomas’s Church Mission-room was built in 1889, at a cost of £600.

Mission chapel, built in 1889, at a cost of £520.

The Catholic church, erected in 1874, and dedicated to Our Lady and St. Patrick, is a building of stone in the Gothic style, with sittings for 300 persons.

There is a cemetery for the parish of Llangynwyd, formed in 1881 at a cost of £2,500, which comprises an area of 4 acres; it is under the control of a burial board of 9 members.

The Town Hall is a building of stone in the Elizabethan style, erected in 1880 at a cost of £5,000, from plans by Mr. H. C. Harris, of Cardiff: the hall itself is 86 feet long by 45 wide, and will comfortably seat 1,200 persons: it contains a permanent semicircular stage 30 feet by 24 feet, with entrances from the retiring room.

The Church Institute at Garth, opened in 1895, and erected at a cost of £450, contains a reading room and library.

Maesteg derives its chief support from the coal and iron works in the neighbourhood, which give employment to the greater part of the inhabitants. The principal works are the extensive collieries of the North’s Navigation Collieries (1889) Limited, the tinplate works of the Maesteg Tin Plate Company, the Llynvi Valley and the Garth Merthyr collieries.

The market is held every Saturday beneath the Town Hail.

Near the village of Llangynwyd are the remains of an ancient castle; and in the neighbourhood there are several encampments, one of which is about a mile west of the church.

Fairfield house is the residence of James Barrow esq.

Henry Jeffreys Bushby esq. and Charles Evan-Thomas esq. are lords of the manor, and the Earl of Dunraven K.P. Miss Talbot, Lieut.-Col. Sir Arthur William Mack-worth bart. Major John Popkin Traherne, Mrs. Gwynn, Mrs. Nicholl, William Llewellyn esq. Col. John Picton Turbervill and William Jenkin esq. are the principal landowners.

The soil is principally gravel and loam; subsoil, various. The chief crops are wheat, barley, potatoes and pasturage.

The area of Cwmdu (which includes Maesteg), is 4,179 acres; rateable value in 1894 was £16,846; the population in 1891 was 6,769.

The area of Llangynwyd parish is 11,353 acres, viz. Llangynwyd Middle, 2,586 of land and 7 of water; Llangynwyd Lower, 2,071 of land and 6 of water, and Llangynwyd Higher, 2,490 and 6 of water; rateable value in 1894, was Middle, £3,120; Lower, £2,449; Higher, £13,436; the population in 1891 was Middle, 669; Lower, 474, and Higher, 2,648-total, 3,791. The population of the Urban District in 1891 was 9,417; the area is 6,706 acres.

In 1885 the rural portion of Higher Llangynwyd parish, with a population in 1891 of 1,245, was by Local Government Board Order added to Glyncorrwg.

Places of Worship, with times of services

St. Cynwyd’s Church, Llangynwyd, Rev. Stephen Jackson, vicar; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Thur. 7.15 p.m.

Maesteg Chapel of Ease, Church street, Rev. Charles Sidney Hill B.A. (English), Rev. Robert William Roberts (Welsh), curates; the English & Welsh services are held on alternate months in the church & schoolroom at 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Wed. (English), 7.30 p.m.; Fri. (Welsh), 7.30 p.m.

St. Mary the Virgin’s Church, Garth, Rev. Evan Ellis, curate; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Wed. 7.30 p.m.

St. Peter’s Church, Spelter, Rev. Samuel Griffith, curate; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Wed. 7.30 p.m.

St. Gabriel’s Church, Abrgrwynfi, Rev. Richard William Evans, curate; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Tues. 7 p.m.

St. John’s Church, Cymmer, Evan Davies, lay reader; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Thur. 7 p.m.

Caerau Mission Room, Joseph Grey, lay reader; Welsh iervice, 11 a.m.; English, 6 p.m.; Wed. 7.30 p.m.

Our Lady & St. Patrick Catholic Church, Rev. Francis Benedict Scannell O.S.B, priest; 9 & 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; daily, 8 a.m.; Thur. benediction, 7.30 p.m.

Baptist

Bethania (Welsh), Bethania street, Rev. Iorwerth Jones; 10.30a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. & Tues. 7.30 p.m. 1000.

Bethel (English), Church street, Rev. Isaac Lloyd; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Wed. 7.30 p.m. 503.

Calfaria (Welsh), Cwmvelyn, Rev. Robert Allen; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Tues. & Thur. 7.30 p.m. 650.

Zion (English), Castle street, Rev. William Harris; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Wed. 7.30 p.m. 500.

Tabernacle (Welsh), Station street, Rev. John Williams, 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Tues. & Thur. 7.30 p.m. 600.

Salem (Welsh), Nantyffyllon, Rev. David Christmas Howell, 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. & Thur. 7.30 p.m. 1200.

Caer Salem, Nantyffyllon, Rev. John C. Williams; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Thur. 7.30 p.m.

Calvinistic Methodist.

Tabor, Castle street, Rev. William Thomas; 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. & Tues. 7.30 p.m. 700.

Libanus, Garth road, Rev. Thomas Salmon; 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Monday 7 p.m. 650.

Hermon, Spelter; 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. 7 p.m.

Llangynwyd; 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. 7 p.m.

Old Salem (Welsh, Forward movement), Nantffyllon, Rev. William Evans; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.

Congregational

Carmel (Welsh), Rock street, Rev. William Rice Bowen; 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Tues. & Thur. 7.30 p.m. 900.

Zoar (Welsh) Zoar place, Rev. John Jones; 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. 7.30 p.m. 800.

Castle street, Rev. Gwynne James; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. 7 p.m. 400.

Duffryn (Welsh), Spelter, Rev. John Morris; 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.; tues, & Thur. 7.30 p.m.

Saron (Welsh), Maesteg; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. & Thur. 7.30 p.m.

Siloh (Welsh), Nantyffyllon, 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Mon. & Thur. 7.30 p.m.

Garth road (Welsh), Rev. Rees Walters; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Thur. 7.30 p.m. 300.

Llangynwnyd (Welsh), Rev. W. Morris; 10 a.m. & 6 p.m.

Wesleyan (English), Alfred street; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m. 150.

Schools

A School Board of 7 members for the United District of Cwmdu & Llangynwyd Higher was formed 8 Jan. 1894; Robert Scale, Town Hall chambers, Maesteg, clerk to the board; W. D. Thomas, Maesteg, attendance officer.

Board Schools.

Llynvi works (boys), erected in 1834, for 400 children; average attendance, 154.

Llynvi works (infants), for 200 children; average attendance, 117.

Castle street (girls), erected in 1846, for 350 children; average attendance, 190.

Castle street (infants), erected in 1875, for 300 children; average attendance, 180.

Garth road (mixed), erected in 1874, for 200 children; average attendance, 120.

Spelter (mixed), erected in 1851, for 320 children; average attendance, 271.

Maesteg Merthyr Colliery, built in 1877, for 344 children; average attendance, 256.

Coignant, Metcalf street, erected in 1876, for 160 children; average attendance, 160.

National, Ponthydycyff (mixed), Llangynwyd, erected in 1894, for 160 children; average attendance, 96.

National (mixed), Llangynwyd, erected in 1850, for 90 children; average attendance, 24.

Catholic, built in 1874, for 120 children; average attendance, 72.

Kelly's Directory of South Wales (1895)