Holt Genealogical Records

Holt Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Holt Baptism Registers (1773-1912)

Baptisms records for children living in and around Holt, detail the names of their parents - their occupations and residence from 1773 to 1912.

North Wales Birth Index (1837-1995)

A growing index of births registered in the counties of North Wales. Records include a reference to the sub-registration district, making it easier to order the correct certificate.

FreeBMD Births (1837-1957)

An index to births registered at the central authority for England & Wales. The index provides the area where the birth was registered, mother's maiden name from September 1911 and a reference to order a birth certificate.

British Army Birth Index (1761-2005)

An index to births registered to British Army personal at home and abroad.

Holt Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2008)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Holt Marriage Registers (1754-1927)

Name index linked to original images of the marriage registers of Holt. Records document marriages from 1754 to 1927. Details may include a party's age, residence, martial status, father's name and signature.

Chester Archdeaconry Marriage Bonds (1606-1905)

Digital images of records of licenses to marry in the Archdeaconry. They contain details that may not be found in parish registers, such as age and father's name. The records can be searched by a name index.

Archdeaconry of Chester Marriage Licenses (1691-1719)

Abstracts of marriage licences from the Archdeaconry of Chester. These records may contain more details than marriage registers, including occupations, ages and parents' names.

Archdeaconry of Chester Marriage Licenses (1639-1644)

Abstracts of marriage licences from the Archdeaconry of Chester. These records may contain more details than marriage registers, including occupations, ages and parents' names.

Holt Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Holt Burial Registers (1772-1980)

Burial records for people buried at Holt, detail the deceased's name, residence and age from 1772 to 1980. Some records may contain the names of relations, cause of death and more.

North Wales Death Index (1837-1996)

A growing index of deaths registered in the counties of North Wales. Records include a reference to the sub-registration district, making it easier to order the correct certificate.

FreeBMD Deaths (1837-1964)

An index to deaths registered at the central authority for England and Wales. To 1866, only the locality the death was registered in was listed. Age was listed until 1969, when the deceased's date of birth was listed. Provides a reference to order a death certificate, which has further details.

British Army Death Index (1796-2005)

An index to deaths of British Army personal at home and abroad.

Holt Church Records

Holt Parish Registers (1754-1980)

The primary source of documentation for baptisms, marriages and burials before 1837, though useful to the present also.

Cheshire Clergy List (1541-1542)

A list of 16th century Anglican clergy in the Diocese of Chester.

Chester Diocese Ordination Book (1542-1558)

A transcription of a book recording early ordinations in the Diocese of Chester.

Denbighshire Parish Registers (1559-1980)

The parish registers of Denbighshire are a collection of books essentially documenting births, marriages and deaths. Their records can assist tracing a family back numerous generations.

Wales Parish Registers (1914-2013)

The parish registers of Wales are a collection of books documenting baptisms, marriages and burials from 1914 to 2013.

Holt Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1901 British Census (1901)

The 1901 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1891 British Census (1891)

The 1891 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1881 British Census (1881)

The 1881 census provides details on an individual's age, residence and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows for searches on multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

British Phone Books (1880-1984)

Directories containing over 275,000,000 entries. As well as name, address and phone number, occupations are often recorded. A useful census substitute.

Holt Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Chester Diocese Probate Images & Index (1492-1857)

A searchable index of testators connected to original images of their will and any probate documents. These records can help trace your Cheshire ancestors back to the 15th century.

Chester Diocese Probate, Admons & Depositions (1487-1620)

A calendar of probate, admon and testamentary depositions from Chester Diocese. The latter, deposition, are sworn statements at testamentary trials.

Welsh Probate Index & Images (1521-1858)

An index to most surviving wills, administrations and inventories proved in Wales' six ecclesiastical courts and the Peculiar of Hawarden. Most documents are available to view online.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (PPV) (1384-1858)

A index to testators whose will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. They principally cover those who lived in the lower two thirds of Britain, but contain wills for residents of Scotland, Ireland, British India and other countries. A copy of each will may be purchased for digital download.

Newspapers Covering Holt

Llangollen Advertiser (1868-1908)

An English-language newspaper that covered news in and around Llangollen. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

Wrexham Advertiser (1854-1900)

This fully searchable newspaper will provide a rich variety of information about the people and places of the Wrexham district. Includes family announcements.

Chester Courant (1794-1831)

A database allowing full text searches of a newspaper covering local news, family announcements, obituaries, court proceedings, business notices and more in the Chester area.

Chester Chronicle (1775-1869)

Local news; notices of births, marriages and deaths; business notices; details on the proceedings of public institutions; adverts and a rich tapestry of other local information from the Chester district. Every line of text from the newspaper can be searched and images of the original pages viewed.

Rhyl Record and Advertiser (1888-1910)

A weekly newspaper containing local news, family announcements, sports, advertisements etc. It was liberal in politics. Each edition has been indexed and digitised.

Holt Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Holt Cemeteries

Denbighshire Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Denbighshire's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Mausolea and Monuments (1500-Present)

Profiles of several hundred mausolea found in the British Isles.

Maritime Memorials (1588-1950)

Several thousand transcribed memorials remembering those connected with the nautical occupations.

Rail & Canal Photographs Catalog (1880-1970)

A searchable database of photographs relating to railways and canals in Britain.

Holt Directories & Gazetteers

Slater's Directory of North & Mid Wales (1895)

Historical and contemporary descriptions of settlements, detailing their governance, churches, schools etc.; to which is appended lists of residents, with their occupations.

Slater's Directory, North and Mid Wales (1895)

Historical and contemporary descriptions of settlements, detailing their governance, churches, schools etc.; to which is appended lists of residents, with their occupations.

Cassey's Directory of the Chief Towns in North Wales (1876)

A directory of the region's nobility, gentry, clergy, traders and professionals. Supplemented with a directory of churches and public schools.

Slater's Directory, North Wales (1850)

Historical and contemporary descriptions of settlements, detailing their governance, churches, schools etc.; to which is appended lists of residents, with their occupations.

Pigot's Directory of North Wales (1844)

Pigot's is a directory briefly detailing the history, topography, amenities and postal service of settlements in North Wales. It also lists the occupation & addresses of commercial, private and professional residents of each town.

Home Office Prison Calendars (1868-1929)

Records of over 300,000 prisoners held by quarter sessions in England & Wales. Records may contain age, occupation, criminal history, offence and trial proceedings.

Central Criminal Court After-trial Calendars (1855-1931)

Over 175,000 records detailing prisoner's alleged offences and the outcome of their trial. Contains genealogical information.

Prison Hulk Registers (1802-1849)

From the late 18th century many prisoners in Britain were kept on decommissioned ships known as hulks. This collection contains nearly 50 years of registers for various ships. Details given include: prisoner's name, date received, age, year of birth and conviction details.

England & Wales Criminal Registers (1791-1892)

This collection lists brief details on 1.55 million criminal cases in England and Wales between 1791 and 1892. Its primary use is to locate specific legal records, which may give further details on the crime and the accused. Details may include the accused's age, nature of crime, location of trial and sentence. Early records can contain a place of birth.

Old Bailey Online (1674-1913)

A database of almost 200,000 fully transcribed criminal cases. Access to original documents is also provided. Records may provide ages and place of birth.

Holt Taxation Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures (1710-1811)

An index linked to original images of registers recording apprenticeship indentures. Details are given on the trade and nature of apprenticeship. Many records list the parents of the apprentice.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Index to the Royalist Composition Papers (A-F) (1646-1656)

Index to personal names listed in the Royalist Composition Papers that dealt with the estates of royalists.

Holt Land & Property Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1291)

Abstracts of records detailing the estates and families of deceased tenants from the reigns of Henry III and Edward I.

NLW Manuscript Transcripts (1200-2000)

A searchable database of thousands of transcribed and abstracted manuscripts, largely pertaining to land.

Landowners of England & Wales (1873)

A list of owners of above one acre of land in England & Wales. Lists a landowner's residence, acreage and estimated gross yearly rental.

Holt Occupation & Business Records

Smuggling on the West Coast (1690-1867)

An introduction to smuggling on the west coast of Britain & the Isle of Man, with details of the act in various regions.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

UK Medical Registers (1859-1959)

Books listing doctors who were licensed to operate in Britain and abroad. Contains doctor's residencies, qualification and date of registration.

Railway Employment Records (1833-1963)

A rich collection of records documenting those who worked for railway companies that were later absorbed by the government. Records include: staff registers, station transfers, pensions, accident records, apprentice records, caution books, and memos. Records may include date of birth, date of death and name of father.

Royal Navy Medical Journals (1817-1857)

Indexed medical journals from British ships containing personal and medical details of patients. The journals list names, ages, rank/status, diseases, illness duration and notes on symptoms and treatment. Contains details on military men as well as people immigrating or being deported to colonies.

Holt School & Education Records

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge Alumni Database (1198-1910)

A searchable database containing over 90,000 note-form biographies for students of Cambridge University.

Dissenting Academy Database (1660-1860)

Histories of schools operated by non-conformist clergy.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Holt

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Ancestry Member Family Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A compilation of lineage-linked family trees submitted by Ancestry users. The database contains over 2 billion individuals and is searchable by numerous metrics.

Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage (1921)

A dictionary of families elevated to the peerage of Great Britain & Ireland. It includes genealogies and biographical details.

Holt Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

Denbighshire Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Denbighshire's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage (1921)

A dictionary of families elevated to the peerage of Great Britain & Ireland. It includes genealogies and biographical details.

Holt Military Records

Prisoners of War of British Army (1939-1945)

A searchable list of over 100,000 British Army POWs. Records contains details on the captured, their military career and where they were held prisoner.

British Prisoners of World War II (1939-1945)

Details on around 165,000 men serving in the British Army, Navy and Air Force who were held as prisoners during WWII.

British Army WWI Medal Rolls (1914-1920)

Index and original images of over 5 million medal index cards for British soldiers It can be searched by individual's name, Coprs, Unit and Regiment. Due to the loss of many WWI service records, this is the most complete source for British WWI soldiers

British Army WWI Service Records (1914-1920)

This rich collection contains contains records for 1.9 million non-commissioned officers and other ranks who fought in WWI. Due to bomb damage in WWI, around 60% of service records were lost. Documents cover: enlistment, medical status, injuries, conduct, awards and discharge. A great deal of genealogical and biographical documentation can be found in these documents, including details on entire families, physical descriptions and place of birth.

Silver War Badges (1914-1920)

An index to nearly 900,000 military personnel who were awarded the Silver War Badge for sustaining injures. Records include rank, regimental number, unit, dates of enlistment and discharge, and reason for discharge.

Holt Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Aliens Entry Books (1794-1921)

An un-indexed collection of over 100,000 documents of correspondence and other documents of the Home Office and the Aliens Office. Contains a great deal of information on aliens and those who applied for naturalisation.

Holt Histories & Books

Denbighshire Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in Denbighshire.

Geograph: Photos of the UK and Ireland (2005-Present)

A growing database including millions of photographs of the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Ireland catalogued by latitude & longitude and OS grid reference.

Britain from Above (1919-1953)

Ariel photographs of the British Isles. Browsable by location.

UK & Ireland Historical Postcards (1885-1950)

Over 19,000 postcards depicting places in the UK & Ireland.

John Leland's Itinerary of England and Wales (1535-1543)

The earliest work describing places in Britain in some detail.

Biographical Directories Covering Holt

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

The Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1654-1930)

A directory containing lengthy biographies of noted British figures. The work took over two decades to compile. Biographies can be searched by name and are linked to images of the original publication.

Church of England Clergy Database (1500-1835)

A database of CoE clergy, giving details of their education of service. Contains references to source documents. Also contains profiles of various church institutions.

Holt Maps

Maps of Denbighshire (1607-1860)

A collection of digitalised maps covering the county.

Ordnance Survey Maps of Wales (1868-1954)

An interactive map featuring four OS map editions published between 1868 and 1954. To load a map select the menu tab on the far right, select the edition you wish to view and zoom in to a locality.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Ordnance Survey One-inch to the Mile Maps (1945-1947)

High-quality digital reproductions of maps plotting, settlements, roads, natural features and other features in England & Wales.

Holt Reference Works

Wales Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in Wales.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

British Family Mottoes (1189-Present)

A dictionary of around 9,000 mottoes for British families who had right to bear arms.

Holt Information

Civil & Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction:

Historical Description

Holt, once a considerable market-town, and a place of some importance, but at present only an obscure village, on the west bank of the Dee; though, according to ancient custom, it is still governed by a mayor and alderman, agreeable to the charter granted by the Earl of Arundel, in 1410.

The villages of Holt, and Farndon in Cheshire, are divided only by the Dee, but have a communication by a bridge of ten arches, built in the year 1345. The church, or more properly the chapel, is built of red stone, and seems to be of the same antiquity as the bridge. The scenery about this village is not very pleasant: it consists chiefly of the river Dee, which takes its course through low and uninteresting meadows.

Of the castle little remains, except its site, consisting of a solid rock, and a moat, near the river, which originally formed a small outpost to Deva: some famous out-works are yet visible

In the reign of Henry III. and the beginning of Edward I. the castle and lands about it were the property of Madoc ab Gruffydd, but upon the murder of his two sons, granted by Edward I. in 1281, to Earl Warren and his successors. Richard II on his departure for Ireland, deposited here his jewels, to the value of 200, 000 marks in money, which on his deposition were surrendered to the Duke of Hereford, in 1399. Henry VIII. in 1534, gave this lordship to his natural son, the Duke of Richmond; but Thomas Seymour, brother to the Protector, had it in the next reign, and formed here a magazine of stores, which were forfeited to the crown at his execution. Holt Castle was garrisoned for Charles I. in 1643, but besieged by the Parliament in 1645, and with four others entirely demolished. The lordship now belongs to the crown, under the direction of a steward, an office at present filled by Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart.

Topography of Great Britain, written: 1802-29 by George Alexander Cooke

HOLT is a parish and small town and a contributory Parliamentary borough, in the county of Denbigh, 4 ½ miles east from Gresford station, on the Wrexham and Chester section of the Great Western railway, 5 miles east-north-east from Wrexham, 8 south from Chester, 21 east-by-south from Ruthin, 29 east-south-east from Denbigh, and 191 from London, in the hundred of Bromfield, Wrexham union and county-court district, rural deanery and archdeaconry of Wrexham, and diocese of St. Asaph, to which diocese it was transferred from Chester in 1861. The parish comprises the townships of Holt, Dutton-y-Bran, Dutton Caua, Dutton Ditteth, Ridley and Sutton, and is separated from Cheshire by the river Dee, here spanned by an ancient and curiously constructed stone bridge of ten arches, originally built in 1345. The town was incorporated in 1410 by a charter of Thomas Fitz Alan, 11th Earl of Arundel K. G. then holder of the lordship and castle of Holt, under the sanction of Henry IV.; this charter was confirmed 5 Eliz. (1562-3), and it continued to be governed by a mayor, two bailiffs, and a coroner, elected annually, until the dissolution of the municipal body by the Municipal Corporations Act, 1883 (46 & 47 Viet. c. 18), and preceding enactments. By the Act, 27 Henry VIII. (1535-6), Holt, then called “Leon” or “Lyons,” was associated with Denbigh and Ruthin in the return of a member to Parliament, and by the “Reform Act, 1832” (2 & 3 William IV. c. 45), Wrexham was added, and these four places now constitute the Denbigh parliamentary district, returning one member. This village-town is situated on an eminence rising gently from the west or left bank of the river Dee, and on the road from Wrexham to Nantwich; the river Alyn joins the Dee about a mile north of the place, but the surrounding country is chiefly meadow land, without any feature of particular interest. The church of St. Chad is an ancient edifice of stone in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles (both to chancel and nave), and an embattled western tower, with angle buttresses and gurgoyles, and containing 6 bells; the south side of the tower is luxuriantly mantled with ivy; the chancel is divided from its aisles by two arches on either side, springing from octagonal piers; the nave arcades consist of five very acute arches, also with octagonal piers, and perhaps of earlier date; the nave is unusually narrow, and exceeded in width by the aisles; the north aisle, also called the Crue chapel, contains a brass, dated 1666, with a Latin inscription and some English verses to Thomas Crue, whose name appears in an acrostic; at the east end of the south aisle is an elegant piscina niche, with crocketed ogee head, between two pinnacled buttresses; some wood stalls remain in the chancel; there is no chancel arch, but a modern wood screen marks the point of division; the font is octagonal, and has panelled sides relieved by shields of arms. The church was restored during the period 1871-3, at a cost of £4,000, under the direction of Mr. John Douglas, architect, of Chester, and affords 400 sittings. The registers date from the year 1662. The living is a vicarage, tithe-rent charge £318, average £238, net income £227, including 23 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Winchester, and held since 1879 by the Rev. Henry Richard Gray M. A. of Worcester College, Oxford. There is a Methodist New Connexion chapel here, a Primitive Methodist chapel at Commonwood, and a Presbyterian chapel. In the town is the Kenyon hall and library, and a police station.

The ancient market cross, which stands in the centre of the town, was entirely restored in 1876; but the market is extinct.

The municipal insignia of the defunct corporation include two maces, called respectively the “Queen’s” and “Mayor’s” maces; the latter, which is the larger of the two, and dates from 1709-10, is of silver, and 37 inches in length; the shaft is unornamented except for several massive knops dividing it into three portions, the head, also plain, has a circlet of crosses and fleurs-de-lis, and from this spring the arches of the crown, which are silver-gilt; the head, which can be removed, and made to serve as a loving-cup, has the royal arms on the flat top; this mace was repaired by the mayors of 1749-50, and 1846-60. The Queen’s mace, which dates from 1606, is of silver, and 20 ½ inches long; the shaft is divided into four lengths by bands; the head is semi-globular, and has a cresting of fleurs-de-lis. The borough seal is lost, but there is a loving-cup dated 1784-5, and presented by Townshend Mainwaring esq. M. P. in 1868.

There was a fortress of some kind here from a very early period, possibly an outpost of the Roman station “Deva,” near Chester, and which, under the name of Castell Llew or Lyon’s Castle, belonged to the 1st Royal Welsh tribe, who bore a lion as their device, and from these it descended through a series of Welsh holders until it was seized by Sir John de Warren, Earl of Warren and Surrey, in the reign of Edward I. (1272-1307), who erected on the-mound of the old castle a pentagonal structure, with a round tower at each angle and an entrance on the north; the interior sides of this fortress were each 51 feet in length; projecting from the eastern angle was a chapel 15 by 12 feet, and a moat 20 yards wide encompassed the whole; the castle was subsequently held by the Fitz Alans, Earls of Arundel, and in the reign of Henry VII. by Sir William Stanley, beheaded 16th February 1494 for his participation in Warbeck’s insurrection; Henry VIII. granted it to his natural son, Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset, K. G. (died 1536); and in the reign of Edward VI. it was held by Thomas, Baron Seymour of Sudeley, and Lord Admiral, beheaded 20th March 1549; in 1643, during the Civil War, Holt bridge and castle were taken and occupied by Sir Thomas Midleton and Sir Wrilliam Brereton, and though recaptured by the Royalists, were eventually surrendered by Sir Richard Lloyd to Major-General Mytton. Traces of the moat remain, but the buildings of the castle have disappeared.

The parish comprises 2,912 acres, of which 31 are water; the population in 1891 was 1086.

Places of Worship.

St. Chad’s Church, Rev. H. R. Gray M. A. vicar; Rev.

John Evans B.A. curate.

Chapels:—

New Connexion (Methodist).

Presbyterian, Rev. Richmond L. Roose.

Primitive Methodist, Commonwood.

National School (average attendance, 120): Henry Thomas Lester, master.

Slater's Directory of North and Mid Wales (1895)

Surnames Found in Holt

RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
1Chaloner865.67
2Jones845.53
3Davies734.81
4Williams624.08
5Edwards473.10
6Price432.83
7Thomas432.83
8Morris432.83
9Parry382.50
10Penk312.04
11Huxley301.98
12Phillips301.98
13Shone301.98
14Pridding281.84
15Baker271.78
16Lewis261.71
17Roberts241.58
18Holmes221.45
19Hughes221.45
20Chadwick211.38
21Evans201.32
22Griffiths191.25
23Woodfine181.19
24Bellis181.19
25Harrison171.12
26Ellis161.05
27Redrope161.05
28Parsanage130.86
29Breraton130.86
30Youde110.72
31Rowland110.72
32Lea110.72
33Bettley110.72
34Dicken110.72
35Blythen110.72
36Tilston90.59
37Lowe90.59
38Lloyd90.59
39Wooley80.53
40Ridgway80.53
41Mathews80.53
42Shepperd80.53
43Warburton80.53
44Ince80.53
45Stevens80.53
46Clutton80.53
47Smith80.53
48Taylor80.53
49Woodall70.46
50Goff70.46
51Dutton70.46
52White70.46
53Peake70.46
54Sanderson70.46
55Meredith70.46
56Barnes70.46
57Roose70.46
58Bevan70.46
59Lunt60.40
60Capper60.40
61Willbraham60.40
62Green60.40
63Streatfield60.40
64Dale60.40
65Shidley60.40
66Harrowsmith60.40
67Bowker60.40
68Chatham60.40
69Lester50.33
70Bradshaw50.33
71Beard50.33
72Weaver50.33
73Bailey50.33
74Scott50.33
75Armstrong50.33
76Parker50.33
77Dawson50.33
78Nickson50.33
79Done50.33
80Shin50.33
81Gibson40.26
82Mullock40.26
83Giles40.26
84Maddocks40.26
85Rymer40.26
86Mitchell40.26
87Hall40.26
88Baylis30.20
89Williamson30.20
90Betterley30.20
91Caunce30.20
92Challinor30.20
93Ruscoe30.20
94Parsonage30.20
95Owen30.20
96Griffith30.20
97Jackson30.20
98Miles30.20
99Dodd30.20
100Stokes30.20

* Statistics based on the 1881 census