Bilton Genealogical Records

Bilton Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

FreeBMD Births (1837-1957)

An index to births registered at the central authority for England & Wales. The index provides the area where the birth was registered, mother's maiden name from September 1911 and a reference to order a birth certificate.

British Army Birth Index (1761-2005)

An index to births registered to British Army personal at home and abroad.

Birth Notices from The Times (1983-2003)

An index to over 100,000 birth and christening notices from The London Times.

London Clandestine Marriages & Baptisms (1667-1754)

Registers of clandestine marriages and baptisms from the Fleet Prison, King's Bench Prison, the Mint and the May Fair Chapel. These events were recorded to avoid church regulations. Although the majority of records related to people in the London area, they cover people from throughout Britain and in some cases abroad.

Bilton Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2005)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Archdeaconry of Richmond Marriage Bonds (1734-1755)

Marriage bonds from the deaneries of Lonsdale, Kendal, Furness and Copeland.

Archdeaconry of Richmond Marriage Bonds (1648-1710)

Marriage bonds from the deaneries of Lonsdale, Kendal, Furness and Copeland.

UK Divorce Records (1858-1911)

Digital images of documents from civil divorce cases. The cases cover both the cause of the case and the outcome, such as division of property and visitation rights. These records also contain details of illegitimate children. Cases can be searched by a name index.

FreeBMD Marriages (1837-1961)

An index to marriages registered at the central authority for England & Wales. To March 1912 only the area of registration and name of one party is given. From then on, the spouse's surname is also given. Provides a reference, which can be used to order a marriage certificate with more details.

Bilton Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

St John the Evangelist, Bilton Burial Records (1780-1837)

An index of burials recorded at St John the Evangelist, Bilton_. The index includes the name of the deceased, the date of burial, age (where available) and occasionally other notes.

Yorkshire Burial Transcripts (1441-1909)

Transcripts of Anglican burial registers from over 100 churches in Yorkshire.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

FreeBMD Deaths (1837-1964)

An index to deaths registered at the central authority for England and Wales. To 1866, only the locality the death was registered in was listed. Age was listed until 1969, when the deceased's date of birth was listed. Provides a reference to order a death certificate, which has further details.

Bilton Church Records

Cheshire Clergy List (1541-1542)

A list of 16th century Anglican clergy in the Diocese of Chester.

Chester Diocese Ordination Book (1542-1558)

A transcription of a book recording early ordinations in the Diocese of Chester.

West Yorkshire Confirmations (1859-1915)

Records recording teens and young adults commitment to the Christian faith.

England Parish Registers (1914-2013)

Documentation for those baptised, married and buried at England. Parish registers can assist tracing a family back numerous generations.

England Parish Registers (1817-1934)

The primary source of documentation for baptisms, marriages and burials before 1837, though extremely useful to the present. Their records can assist tracing a family back numerous generations.

Bilton Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

West Riding of Yorkshire Hearth Tax (1672)

A transcription of records naming those who had taxes levied against them for the privilege of owning a hearth.

Yorkshire Lay Subsidy (1301)

A tax on the county's wealthier residents, order by wapentake or liberty and settlement.

North Riding of Yorkshire Hearth Tax (1673)

A name index to records recording taxes levied against owners of hearths in the North Riding of Yorkshire.

West Riding of Yorkshire Hearth Tax (1672)

A name index to records recording taxes levied against owners of hearths in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Bilton Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Chester Diocese Probate Images & Index (1492-1857)

A searchable index of testators connected to original images of their will and any probate documents. These records can help trace your Cheshire ancestors back to the 15th century.

Chester Diocese Probate, Admons & Depositions (1487-1620)

A calendar of probate, admon and testamentary depositions from Chester Diocese. The latter, deposition, are sworn statements at testamentary trials.

Derbyshire Will Index (1858-1928)

An index to wills, proved by the Derby Probate Registry. Index includes name, residence and year of probate. Contains entries for Yorkshire, Cheshire, Lancashire, Staffordshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire and other counties.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (PPV) (1384-1858)

A index to testators whose will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. They principally cover those who lived in the lower two thirds of Britain, but contain wills for residents of Scotland, Ireland, British India and other countries. A copy of each will may be purchased for digital download.

Newspapers Covering Bilton

Bradford Observer (1834-1875)

Local news; notices of births, marriages and deaths; business notices; details on the proceedings of public institutions; adverts and a rich tapestry of other local information from the Bradford district. Every line of text from the newspaper can be searched and images of the original pages viewed.

Leeds Times (1833-1901)

This fully searchable newspaper will provide a rich variety of information about the people and places of the Leeds district. Includes family announcements.

Leeds Mercury (1807-1900)

Fully text-searchable articles from a local newspaper covering the Leeds district. It includes family announcements, obituaries, court proceedings, business notices and more.

York Herald (1801-1900)

A searchable newspaper providing a rich variety of information about the people and places of the York district. Includes obituaries and family announcements.

Leeds Intelligencer (1754-1866)

Fully text-searchable articles from a local newspaper covering the Leeds district. It includes family announcements, obituaries, court proceedings, business notices and more.

Bilton Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Bilton Cemeteries

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Maritime Memorials (1588-1950)

Several thousand transcribe memorials of those connected with the nautical occupations.

Rail & Canal Photographs Catalog (1880-1970)

A searchable database of photographs relating to railways and canals in Britain.

Rail & Canal Monuments (1800-1950)

Details of monuments and plaques related to canals and railways. Contains some photographs.

Bilton Directories & Gazetteers

York & Ainsty Directory (1822)

A directory of York & the Ainsty district, detailing their history, agriculture, topography, economy and leading commercial, professional and private residents.

Kelly's Directory of Yorkshire (1927)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Directory of the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire (1913)

A directory outlining the history of settlements in the North and East Ridings and listing their commercial, private and professional residents.

Kelly's Directory of N & E Ridings of Yorkshire (1913)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key historical and contemporary facts. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions. Also contains a list of residents and businesses for each place.

Kelly's Directory of West Riding (1893)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Yorkshire Feet of Fines (1486-1503)

Abstracts of records that detail land conveyances.

Home Office Prison Calendars (1868-1929)

Records of over 300,000 prisoners held by quarter sessions in England & Wales. Records may contain age, occupation, criminal history, offence and trial proceedings.

Central Criminal Court After-trial Calendars (1855-1931)

Over 175,000 records detailing prisoner's alleged offences and the outcome of their trial. Contains genealogical information.

Prison Hulk Registers (1802-1849)

From the late 18th century many prisoners in Britain were kept on decommissioned ships known as hulks. This collection contains nearly 50 years of registers for various ships. Details given include: prisoner's name, date received, age, year of birth and conviction details.

England & Wales Criminal Registers (1791-1892)

This collection lists brief details on 1.55 million criminal cases in England and Wales between 1791 and 1892. Its primary use is to locate specific legal records, which may give further details on the crime and the accused. Details may include the accused's age, nature of crime, location of trial and sentence. Early records can contain a place of birth.

Bilton Taxation Records

West Riding of Yorkshire Hearth Tax (1672)

A transcription of records naming those who had taxes levied against them for the privilege of owning a hearth.

Yorkshire Lay Subsidy (1301)

A tax on the county's wealthier residents, order by wapentake or liberty and settlement.

North Riding of Yorkshire Hearth Tax (1673)

A name index to records recording taxes levied against owners of hearths in the North Riding of Yorkshire.

West Riding of Yorkshire Hearth Tax (1672)

A name index to records recording taxes levied against owners of hearths in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Bilton Land & Property Records

Yorkshire Feet of Fines (1486-1503)

Abstracts of records that detail land conveyances.

Yorkshire Domesday Records (1086)

An English translation of Yorkshire domesday records. This transcripts details the county's landowners in 1086.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1291)

Abstracts of records detailing the estates and families of deceased tenants from the reigns of Henry III and Edward I.

Bilton Occupation & Business Records

Smuggling on the East Coast (1600-1892)

An introduction to smuggling on the east coast of England, with details of the act in various regions.

Yorkshire Rugby Union Commemoration Book (1914-1919)

A searchable book detailing the Yorkshire Rugby Football Union around the time of the Great War. Contains the names of many players and other persons associated with the sport.

North England Mines Index (1896)

Profiles of coal and metal mines in the north of England.

Lost Pubs of Yorkshire (1750-Present)

Short histories of former public houses, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Bilton School & Education Records

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge Alumni Database (1198-1910)

A searchable database containing over 90,000 note-form biographies for students of Cambridge University.

Dissenting Academy Database (1660-1860)

Histories of schools operated by non-conformist clergy.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Bilton

Victoria County History: Yorkshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Ancestry Member Family Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A compilation of lineage-linked family trees submitted by Ancestry users. The database contains over 2 billion individuals and is searchable by numerous metrics.

Bilton Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

Victoria County History: Yorkshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

The Visitation of Yorkshire: 1584-5 (1000-1585)

Pedigrees compiled from a late 16th century heraldic visitation of Yorkshire. This work records the lineage, descendants and marriages of families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

The Visitation of Yorkshire: 1612 (1000-1612)

Pedigrees compiled from a early 17th century heraldic visitation of Yorkshire. This work records the lineage, descendants and marriages of families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Bilton Military Records

West Riding Yorkshire Territorials in the Great War (1908-1919)

Three books detailing the unit's history from the period before and during WWI. Also contains a list of members, with dates of service and a roll of honours and awards.

Roll of Officers of the York and Lancaster Regiment (1756-1884)

Lists of officers by rank, regiment and name.

19th Foot Regiment (North Riding) Historical Records (1688-1844)

A general history of the regiment, including biographies of its colonels.

Officers of The Green Howards (1688-1931)

Biographies of hundreds of men who served as officers in The Green Howards, an infant regiment in the King's Division. Details given include parentage, date of birth, military career and later professional career.

15th Foot Regiment (East Riding) Historical Records (1685-1848)

A general history of the regiment, including biographies of its colonels.

Bilton Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

Alien Arrivals in England (1810-1869)

Details on over 600,000 non-British citizens arriving in England. Often includes age and professions. Useful for discerning the origin of immigrants.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Bilton Histories & Books

Yorkshire Domesday Records (1086)

An English translation of Yorkshire domesday records. This transcripts details the county's landowners in 1086.

Victoria County History: Yorkshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

History of the East and North Ridings (1840)

A general history of the area and its divisions.

North Yorkshire Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in North Yorkshire.

The Annals of Yorkshire (2000 BC-1860)

A chronological rendering of the county's history.

Biographical Directories Covering Bilton

Yorkshire Who's Who (1912)

A listing of the prominent residents of the county of Yorkshire, giving details on family, education, careers, hobbies, associations and more. Also includes details on the county's government officials, military officers, members of parliament, religious leaders and demographics.

Officers of The Green Howards (1688-1931)

Biographies of hundreds of men who served as officers in The Green Howards, an infant regiment in the King's Division. Details given include parentage, date of birth, military career and later professional career.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

Bilton Maps

Maps of Yorkshire (1407-1922)

Digital images of maps covering the county.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Speed's Maps of Britain (1612)

County and national maps covering the British Isles, extracted from John Speed's landmark work, Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain.

Maps of England (1360-1922)

Digital images of maps covering the country.

Bilton Reference Works

England Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in England.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

British Family Mottoes (1189-Present)

A dictionary of around 9,000 mottoes for British families who had right to bear arms.

Bilton Information

Ecclesiastical Juristiction:

  • York province
    • Chester diocese
      • Richmond archdeaconry
        • Boroughbridge deanery

    Historical Description

    BILTON is a township, parish and village, 5 miles east-north-east from Wetherby railway station and 9 west from York: the parish comprises the townships of Bilton and Bickerton, and is in the Northern division of the Riding, but is for parliamentary purposes included in the North Riding, ainsty of York, Wetherby union, Tadcaster county court district, West Ainsty petty sessional division, rural deanery of Ainsty and archdeaconry and diocese of York. The church of St. Helen, standing alone on the rood from Wetherby to York, is a stone edifice of the 12th century, erected about 1166, and consists of chancel, nave, north and south aisles, vestry, north porch and a turret at the west end containing 1 bell: the church was restored in 1871, at a cost of £1,600, and refitted with benches of pitch pine and an open roof of the same material, the chancel being at the same time re-floored with encaustic tiles, and having the organ and choir stalls on the south side, the north being still unhappily blocked up by a large and unsightly square pew belonging to the lay rector: the east window is stained and was presented in 1879 by John Miles Dawson esq. of Brook Hall, Wighill: the church contains memorial tablets to several members of the Fawcett family, late of Bilton Grange (1836—46), and to George Iveson and bis wife (1872—9) t in the south aisle remains the effigy of a lady in the costume of the 14th century and supposed to represent an abbess of the Syningthwaite Nunnery, formerly existing in this parish; and at the west end, mounted on a stone bracket, is a curious old Runic cross of stone, believed by the late Sir Gilbert Scott to he the work of a very remote period: the font dates from the re-erection of the church, the parish register from the year 1571, and is complete from that date: among other interesting records it contains entries of the burial of Captain John Carmichael and Captain Daniel Ashton, two officers slain at the battle of Marston Moor, fought in the adjoining parish July 2nd, 1644; and of collections made in the parish for the relief of sufferers by the Great Plague and Fite of London in the years 1665 and 1666 as follows Collected in the Parish Church of Bilton for the visit of the Plague, and returned at York on the 10th Oct the som of 2 6/6, 1665.” “Collected in the parish of Bilton concerning the great fire of London, the some of four pounds sixteen shillings and paid to my Lord Mayor of York the sixth of Nov. 1666.” The living is a discharged vicarage, yearly value £300 with residence, in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Ripon and held by the Rev. Bagenal Burdett Newenham T.A.L.C. Here is a Wesleyan chapel, Bilton Hall, the residence of Charles Burgoyne Lamb esq. Stands in about 86 acres. Syningthwaite Nunnery, formerly belonging to the sisterhood of the Cistercian order, is now occupied as a farm house. Andrew Montagu esq. who is lord of the manor, Richard Skilbeck, Richard Wilson Skilbeck, Richard Lomley and Mrs. Henry Nicholson are the chief landowners. The soil is loamy; subsoil, sand and clay. The chief crops are wheat, barley, oats, beans and turnips. The area is 1,923 acres; rateable value, £3,207; and the population of the township (1871) 238. The area of the entire parish is 4,810 acres, and the population (1871) 378.

    Parochial school, Robert Miller, master; Miss Mary Ann Miller, mistress.

    Kelly's Directory of the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire (1913)

    Surnames Found in Bilton

    RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
    1Young606.30
    2Wilson242.52
    3Chapman212.21
    4Atkinson202.10
    5Barnes202.10
    6Potter181.89
    7Benson151.58
    8Robinson141.47
    9Ridsdale131.37
    10Holmes131.37
    11Norfolk131.37
    12Hewick131.37
    13Wood121.26
    14Hemsley121.26
    15Foster121.26
    16Bootland121.26
    17Johnson121.26
    18Knapton121.26
    19Clarkson111.16
    20Parker111.16
    21Britton101.05
    22Webster101.05
    23Anderson101.05
    24Bradley101.05
    25Daniel90.95
    26Arnold90.95
    27Hall90.95
    28Horner90.95
    29Milner90.95
    30Lumley90.95
    31Prentice90.95
    32Buckle80.84
    33Brogden80.84
    34Summerton70.74
    35Lamb70.74
    36Triffitt70.74
    37Thomlinson70.74
    38Pawson70.74
    39Downing70.74
    40Dalton70.74
    41Somerton70.74
    42Sweeting70.74
    43Poole70.74
    44Skilbeck70.74
    45Goodburn70.74
    46Humphrey60.63
    47Guest60.63
    48Hawkes60.63
    49Kitching60.63
    50Illingworth60.63
    51Ripley60.63
    52Kendrew60.63
    53Mollett60.63
    54Puckering60.63
    55Burton60.63
    56Saynor60.63
    57Dewse60.63
    58Scott60.63
    59Walker60.63
    60Carlill50.53
    61Hopwood50.53
    62Prentis50.53
    63Lee50.53
    64Mouncey50.53
    65Snowdon50.53
    66Hull50.53
    67Eastwood50.53
    68Tilford50.53
    69Skirrow50.53
    70Dunwell50.53
    71Lisle50.53
    72Swires40.42
    73Nicholson40.42
    74Brittain40.42
    75Ibbetson40.42
    76Hardy40.42
    77Tennant40.42
    78Acomb40.42
    79Sanor40.42
    80Wray40.42
    81Backhouse40.42
    82Fletcher40.42
    83Butterworth40.42
    84Kilvington40.42
    85Battye40.42
    86Adams40.42
    87Little40.42
    88Colton40.42
    89Lingen30.32
    90Newenham30.32
    91Gaythorp30.32
    92Dearlove30.32
    93Smith30.32
    94Pitts30.32
    95Halloway30.32
    96Pullan30.32
    97Bellerby30.32
    98Fryatt30.32
    99Lofthouse30.32
    100Rydill30.32

    * Statistics based on the 1881 census