Norham Genealogical Records

Norham Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Norham Baptism Registers (1802-1837)

Baptisms records for children living in and around Norham, detail the names of their parents - their occupations and residence from 1802 to 1837.

Durham Diocese Bishop's Transcripts (1700-1900)

Browsable images of summaries of registers of baptisms, marriages and burials.

Northumberland Baptism Transcripts (1578-1918)

Transcriptions of baptisms in Northumberland covering around 50% of Anglican parishes.

Northumberland BMD (1837-2010)

An index to births, marriages and deaths recorded in the county. Includes a facility to order certificates.

Norham Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2005)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Norham Marriage Registers (1813-1838)

Marriage registers record Anglican marriages in Norham. They are the primary marriage document before 1837 and contain the same details as marriage certificates from then on.

Durham Diocese Bishop's Transcripts (1700-1900)

Browsable images of summaries of registers of baptisms, marriages and burials.

Northumberland Marriage Index (1540-1862)

An index to marriages from over 100 churches in the county of Northumberland.

Northumberland BMD (1837-2010)

An index to births, marriages and deaths recorded in the county. Includes a facility to order certificates.

Norham Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Durham Diocese Bishop's Transcripts (1700-1900)

Browsable images of summaries of registers of baptisms, marriages and burials.

Durham Diocese Marriage Bonds (1692-1900)

Digital images of marriage bonds ordered by year, not indexed. These bonds record intention to marry and may include details not recorded in parish registers.

Durham Diocese Marriage Bonds Calendar (1594-1815)

Browsable images containing vital details extracted from marriage bonds.

Northumberland Burial Transcripts (1534-1959)

Transcriptions of burials from over 90 parishes in Northumberland.

Norham Church Records

Norham Parish Registers (1802-1838)

Documentation for those baptised, married and buried at Norham. Parish registers can assist tracing a family as far back as 1802.

Durham Diocese Bishop's Transcripts (1700-1900)

Browsable images of summaries of registers of baptisms, marriages and burials.

Northumberland Misc Records (1570-2005)

A wide collection of records, particularly those created by the government and church, such as electoral rolls, court of plea records, petty sessions and parish records.

Northumberland Church Photographs (875-Present)

Photographs with brief descriptions of churches in Northumberland.

England Parish Registers (1914-2013)

Documentation for those baptised, married and buried at England. Parish registers can assist tracing a family back numerous generations.

Norham Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Northumberland Misc Records (1570-2005)

A wide collection of records, particularly those created by the government and church, such as electoral rolls, court of plea records, petty sessions and parish records.

1901 British Census (1901)

The 1901 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1891 British Census (1891)

The 1891 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1881 British Census (1881)

The 1881 census provides details on an individual's age, residence and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows for searches on multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Norham Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (PPV) (1384-1858)

A index to testators whose will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. They principally cover those who lived in the lower two thirds of Britain, but contain wills for residents of Scotland, Ireland, British India and other countries. A copy of each will may be purchased for digital download.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills (Subscription) (1384-1858)

An index and digital images of PCC wills, available on a subscription basis.

Unclaimed Estates in England & Wales (1980-Present)

The names of deceased individuals whose estates have not been inherited. Includes name and date & place of death. Other details may include date and place of birth, marital status, aliases and spouse's name.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Newspapers Covering Norham

Northern Echo (1870-1900)

Britain's most popular provincial newspaper, covering local & national news, family announcements, government & local proceedings and more.

Northumberland and Durham Advertiser (1855)

A short-lived regional newspaper covering news in Northumberland and Durham.

Northern Star (1838-1852)

A chartist newspaper published in Leeds that focused on affairs in Northumberland, Yorkshire and Lancashire. The paper focuses on politics, but does contain a limited number of family announcements

Northern Liberator (1837-1840)

A chartist paper published at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The paper covered working class issues.

The Daily Herald (1926)

A London newspaper that later became The Sun.

Norham Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Norham Cemeteries

Northumberland Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Northumberland's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Northumberland Monumental Inscriptions (1700-1985)

An index to vital details engraved on 1000s of gravestones and other monuments across the county of Northumberland.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Maritime Memorials (1588-1950)

Several thousand transcribe memorials of those connected with the nautical occupations.

Norham Directories & Gazetteers

Kelly's Directory of Northumberland (1921)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory of Northumberland (1914)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key historical and contemporary facts. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions. Also contains a list of residents and businesses for each place.

Kelly's Directory of Northumberland (1894)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Kelly's Directory of Northumberland (1890-1938)

A collection of directories detailing the history, agriculture, topography, economy and leading commercial, professional and private residents of Northumberland.

Kelly's Directory of Northumberland (1879)

An exhaustive gazetteer, containing details of settlement's history, governance, churches, postal services, public institutions and more. Also contains lists of residents with their occupation and address.

Northumberland Misc Records (1570-2005)

A wide collection of records, particularly those created by the government and church, such as electoral rolls, court of plea records, petty sessions and parish records.

Home Office Prison Calendars (1868-1929)

Records of over 300,000 prisoners held by quarter sessions in England & Wales. Records may contain age, occupation, criminal history, offence and trial proceedings.

Central Criminal Court After-trial Calendars (1855-1931)

Over 175,000 records detailing prisoner's alleged offences and the outcome of their trial. Contains genealogical information.

Prison Hulk Registers (1802-1849)

From the late 18th century many prisoners in Britain were kept on decommissioned ships known as hulks. This collection contains nearly 50 years of registers for various ships. Details given include: prisoner's name, date received, age, year of birth and conviction details.

England & Wales Criminal Registers (1791-1892)

This collection lists brief details on 1.55 million criminal cases in England and Wales between 1791 and 1892. Its primary use is to locate specific legal records, which may give further details on the crime and the accused. Details may include the accused's age, nature of crime, location of trial and sentence. Early records can contain a place of birth.

Norham Taxation Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures (1710-1811)

An index linked to original images of registers recording apprenticeship indentures. Details are given on the trade and nature of apprenticeship. Many records list the parents of the apprentice.

Red Book of the Exchequer (1066-1230)

A compilation of records from the Court of the Exchequer primarily dealing with taxes and land. These records are in Latin.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Index to the Royalist Composition Papers (A-F) (1646-1656)

Index to personal names listed in the Royalist Composition Papers that dealt with the estates of royalists.

Norham Land & Property Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1291)

Abstracts of records detailing the estates and families of deceased tenants from the reigns of Henry III and Edward I.

Red Book of the Exchequer (1066-1230)

A compilation of records from the Court of the Exchequer primarily dealing with taxes and land. These records are in Latin.

Return of Owners of Land England (1873)

A list of landowners in England giving their primary residence, extent of their land and estimated yearly rental.

Norham Occupation & Business Records

Smuggling on the East Coast (1600-1892)

An introduction to smuggling on the east coast of England, with details of the act in various regions.

North England Mines Index (1896)

Profiles of coal and metal mines in the north of England.

Lost Pubs of Northumberland (1750-Present)

Short histories of former public houses, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

UK Medical Registers (1859-1959)

Books listing doctors who were licensed to operate in Britain and abroad. Contains doctor's residencies, qualification and date of registration.

Norham School & Education Records

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge Alumni Database (1198-1910)

A searchable database containing over 90,000 note-form biographies for students of Cambridge University.

Dissenting Academy Database (1660-1860)

Histories of schools operated by non-conformist clergy.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Norham

Victoria County History: Northamptonshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Ancestry Member Family Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A compilation of lineage-linked family trees submitted by Ancestry users. The database contains over 2 billion individuals and is searchable by numerous metrics.

Norham Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

Victoria County History: Northamptonshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

Northumberland Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Northumberland's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Norham Military Records

Prisoners of War of British Army (1939-1945)

A searchable list of over 100,000 British Army POWs. Records contains details on the captured, their military career and where they were held prisoner.

British Prisoners of World War II (1939-1945)

Details on around 165,000 men serving in the British Army, Navy and Air Force who were held as prisoners during WWII.

British Army WWI Medal Rolls (1914-1920)

Index and original images of over 5 million medal index cards for British soldiers It can be searched by individual's name, Coprs, Unit and Regiment. Due to the loss of many WWI service records, this is the most complete source for British WWI soldiers

British Army WWI Service Records (1914-1920)

This rich collection contains contains records for 1.9 million non-commissioned officers and other ranks who fought in WWI. Due to bomb damage in WWI, around 60% of service records were lost. Documents cover: enlistment, medical status, injuries, conduct, awards and discharge. A great deal of genealogical and biographical documentation can be found in these documents, including details on entire families, physical descriptions and place of birth.

Silver War Badges (1914-1920)

An index to nearly 900,000 military personnel who were awarded the Silver War Badge for sustaining injures. Records include rank, regimental number, unit, dates of enlistment and discharge, and reason for discharge.

Norham Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

Alien Arrivals in England (1810-1869)

Details on over 600,000 non-British citizens arriving in England. Often includes age and professions. Useful for discerning the origin of immigrants.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Norham Histories & Books

Victoria County History: Northamptonshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

A History of Northumberland (1066-1890)

Two volumes detailing the history and geology of Northumberland and some of its parishes.

Northumberland Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in Northumberland.

St George's Police Orphanage (1898-1956)

A website with extensive historical articles on an orphanage that took in children from police officers in the northern counties. Contains a list of children admitted.

Northumberland Church Photographs (875-Present)

Photographs with brief descriptions of churches in Northumberland.

Biographical Directories Covering Norham

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

The Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1654-1930)

A directory containing lengthy biographies of noted British figures. The work took over two decades to compile. Biographies can be searched by name and are linked to images of the original publication.

Church of England Clergy Database (1500-1835)

A database of CoE clergy, giving details of their education of service. Contains references to source documents. Also contains profiles of various church institutions.

Norham Maps

Maps of Northumberland (1616-1920)

Digital images of maps covering the county.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Speed's Maps of Britain (1612)

County and national maps covering the British Isles, extracted from John Speed's landmark work, Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain.

Maps of England (1360-1922)

Digital images of maps covering the country.

Norham Reference Works

England Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in England.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

British Family Mottoes (1189-Present)

A dictionary of around 9,000 mottoes for British families who had right to bear arms.

Norham Information

Ecclesiastical Juristiction:

  • York province
    • Durham diocese
      • Lindisfarne archdeaconry
        • Norham deanery

    Historical Description

    Norham is situated on the banks of the river Tweed, near the mouth of the Till, about six miles to the south-west of Berwick; it is a place of great antiquity, said anciently to have been called Ubban-ford, and to have been built in the eighth century, by Egfrid, bishop of Lindisfarne. Its church had formerly the privilege of sanctuary, and in it was interred the remains of king Ceolwulf, which were removed from Lindisfarne. On the top of a steep rock are the remains of the castle, which was built by Ralph Flambard, bishop of Durham; it was moated round, and erected to preserve his diocese from the frequent incursions of the Scotch mosstroopers. In the outermost wall, which was the largest in circuit, were placed several turrets toward the river, and within this wall was a second of much greater strength, which had in the middle of it a high keep. The whole of this castle is now in ruins ; at one end, however, there is a large tower nearly entire, and those parts of the walls that are still remaining, shew that it was a regular, strong, well-built fortification. This castle has often suffered the fortune of war, by the incursions of the Scots, being many times taken and destroyed, and as often retaken by the English, and rebuilt. The last attack upon it was previous to the battle of Flodden Field, when the Scots attempted to take it, but could only effect the destruction of the outer-works. Norham consists chiefly of one long wide street, and contains 178 houses, and 901 inhabitants.

    Cornhill, is a township and chapelry belonging to Norham, from which it is distant about six miles south-west, and 333 miles from London, at a small distance from the river Tweed, over which it has a large bridge of six arches, of white free-stone. A small but neat Church, stands in the centre of the village, which contains 103 houses, and 863 inhabitants, it has a fair on the 6th of December, for mercantile goods and shepherd’s curs.

    Horncliffe is likewise a township belonging to the parish of Norham : it is situated on the hanks of the Tweed, four miles from Berwick, and 337 from London.

    Shoreswood, another hamlet belonging to Norham, is situated 337 miles from London, and contains 52 houses, and 261 inhabitants.

    Topography of Great Britain, written: 1802-29 by George Alexander Cooke

    NORHAM is a parish, in the Berwick-upon-Tweed division of the county, Norham and Islandshire petty sessional division, Berwick union and county court district, rural deanery of Norham, archdeaconry of Lindisfarne and diocese of Newcastle. Norham is said to have been formerly a place of great importance, and was the capital of this district, where the bishops of Durham held their courts and had their sheriffs, coroner, justices and other civil officers, who had the power of exercising jura regalia over Norhamshire, a district comprising Norham, Norham Mains, Cornhill, Duddo, Felkington, Grindon, Horncliffe, Loan End, Longridge, Shoreswood, Thornton and Twizel, originally a detached part of the county of Durham, but by the Acts 2 and 3 William IV. cap 64, and 7 and 8 Vict, cap, 61, annexed to Northumberland, and now constituting a ward of that county and included (Sept, 2, 1842) in the Norham rural deanery. Norham village is delightfully seated on the river Tweed, with a station three-quarters of a mile south on the North Eastern railway, 8 miles south-west from Berwick-on-Tweed and 7 north-east from Coldstream. A substantial wooden bridge, resting upon stone piers, was built across the Tweed in 1840, but this becoming unsafe, a new stone bridge of four arches was commenced in 1885 and finished in 1887, by the Tweed Bridges Trust, at a cost of £10,668: a brass plate, let into the centre of the bridge, records the date and the names of the persons concerned in its erection. The village consists principally of one broad street, nearly a mile long, many of the houses in which have an antiquated appearance, being only one storey high; a few still are thatched, which was the case generally some time ago throughout the village; but excellent houses of stone, with slated roofs and shops, have taken the place of the former cottages. The church of St. Cuthbert is an edifice of stone, chiefly in the Norman style, the only portion, however of the original work being the chancel and the south arcade: in 1846 this arcade, which had been built up early in the 17th century, was re-opened and a new south aisle and porch erected; and in 1852 a north aisle was built, a vestry added to the chancel and a narrow oblong western tower erected in place of a smaller one: it now consists of chancel, nave of five bays, aisles and a tower containing a clock and a bells: the chancel is approached through a Norman arch and has an Early Decorated stained east window of five lights, inserted in memory of the Rev. W. C. King, late vicar: in the south wall is a memorial window to David, 1st and only Baron Marjoribanks of Ladykirk, d. 19th June, 1873, and opposite to it another to the late C. Mather esq. of Longridge: of the other windows in the chancel, those on the south side were contributed by Dr. Gilly, formerly vicar, the Rev. W. G. King M.A. Lord Home, David Marjoribanks Robertson esq. of Ladykirk, J. Nicholson esq. of Thornton Park, and Thomas Farrer esq. of Grindon Ridge; those on the north side are the gifts of the Rev. G, Salmon and A. Smith esq. of Galagate House: on the south side of the chancel is an altar tomb bearing a mutilated recumbent effigy of a knight in armour, cross-legged, under an elaborately-carved stone canopy of the Decorated period: on the opposite side, placed within a recess, in the Norman style, is an altar tomb with a full-length recumbent figure, in Caen stone, by J.G. Lough, of the Rev. William Stephen Gilly D.D. 25 years vicar of Norham and canon of Durham, who died 10th Sept. 1855; this monument was placed in 1857 at the expense of the parishioners and others: the oaken reredos, returned at both ends, conceals a large Early English piscina: the pulpit and reading desk are of oak, very handsomely carved, and the benches in the chancel have carved ends; the octagonal stone font, supported on four columns, was the gift of the Rev. John Edmunds M.A. of Kylo: in the wall of the north aisle is a stone inscribed to Grace Selby, ob. 6th Aug. 1648, and another to Ralph Selby, of Twizell, ob. 28th Sept. 1660: the church also contains a number of modern tablets: the church had anciently three chantries, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, St. Cuthbert and St. Nicholas, and possessed the privilege of giving sanctuary for 37 days: in this church, 3rd June, 1291, Edward I. received the homage of Bruce and Baliol, the rival claimants to the crown of Scotland; and Gospatric, 13th Saxon Ear] of Northumberland, who died here about 1069, is said to have been buried in the former porch: there are 600 sittings. The churchyard contains about 4 acres. At the east end of the present church there were discovered the foundations of some ancient ecclesiastical building, possibly the Saxon church built here by Egfrid, Bishop of Lindisfarne (828-46), and to which were transferred the remains of Ceolwulf, King of Northumbria (731-38); a collection of carved stones recovered during the excavations made at this time have been built up on the spot in the form of a column. In the churchyard are memorials to Thomas Bum, ob. 1659, and William Widdell, ob. 21st Oct. 1660. The register dates from the year 1653. The living is a vicarage, average tithe rent-charge £351, net yearly value £331, including 22 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Newcastle, and held since 1873 by the Rev. Joseph Waite M.A. hon. D.D. and formerly fellow of the University of Durham, master of University College, Durham, examining chaplain to the Bishop of Newcastle and hon. canon of Newcastle. There are two Presbyterian churches; one, built in 1845, will seat 500 persons, the other, erected in the year 1752, has 300 sittings. There is also a Primitive Methodist chapel here, erected in 1877. The Norham Public Hall, standing in the centre of the village, is a building of stone, erected by subscription in 1889 at a cost of £1,000, and consists of committee and reading rooms and a large hall, which is let for entertainments, public meetings &c. in connection with which lectures are given during the winter season. In former times a market was held here, and two yearly fairs. About the centre of the village is a grassy space, on which stands a stone cross, 6 feet 6 inches high, restored in 1877; the six circular steps and the base are original.

    Norham Castle, rendered familiar in modern times by the opening lines of Sir Walter Scott’s “Marmion,” was begun in 1121 by Ralph Flambard, Bishop of Durham, and afterwards became the most important of all the fortresses between Carlisle and Berwick and the proudest stronghold throughout the Marches. Between 1136 and 1138 it was twice captured and held by David, King of Scotland: Hugh Pudsey, or de Puiset, Bishop of Durham (1153-95), restored the keep, but before 1177 gave up the castle to Henry II. who only restored it on his paying a sum of 2,000 marks, and on his death, in 1195, it again fell to the Crown: King John paid two visits to Norham, in 1209 and 1211, and in 1213 it was attacked, though unsuccessfully, by Alexander of Scotland: Anthony Bek, Bishop of Durham (1283-1310), appears to have partly re-faced the keep, constructed the great well staircase, and inserted Decorated windows: during this period, in May 1291, Edward I. came hither to meet the Scots and receive the rival claimants to the Scottish crown: in 1314 the castle was again conceded to the Crown, and in 1316 restored once more to the see: from the reign of Edward II. who is said to have greatly strengthened the fabric, to that of Henry VI. the castle played a very leading part in the stirring events of the border, being often attacked by the Scots, but rarely taken: Cardinal Langley, in 1435, leased the fortress to a castellan, who was bound to defend it and make repairs in consideration of a money payment, and this practice was subsequently followed by others: in the reign of Henry VII. it was besieged for 16 days, in 1497, by James IV. of Scotland, on his invasion of England in support of the claims of Perkin Warbeck, but on the arrival of Lord Surrey the siege was raised: the Scottish monarch, however, returning in 1513, captured Norham on August 29, a few days only before the fatal encounter at Flodden: the castle, despoiled by the Scots, was thoroughly repaired by Bishop Ruthal (1509-23), and by 1515 it was once more “in order, victualled and garrisoned,” and later, being again partially ruined, was rebuilt with ashlar, by the direction of William, Lord Dacre and Greystoke, some time captain of the castles of Norham and Carlisle: about 1530 the Scots made another futile assault, and Archdeacon Franklin, whose valour defeated the attempt, received from Henry VIII. in recognition a spatial heraldic distinction: in 1542 new repairs were effected by Bishop Tunstal, but on the deprivation of this prelate, in 1551, the whole fortress was surveyed by Sir George Bowes, and reported to be in a dilapidated state, and on Tunstal’s death, in 1559, the castle was detached by law from the see of Durham and transferred to the Crown, and maintained as a defence up to 1583.

    The castle stands on a rocky platform, overlooking a southern bend of the river Tweed: on the north a deep slope descends to the river, on the west is a deep ravine, traversed by a small stream, on the south a green hollow of less depth sweeps round till it joins the northern slope: the plan of the castle follows the shape of the ground, which may be described as an oblong, pointing north-east and south-west, and much rounded off on the south-west: the north and east faces of the platform are respectively 143 and 108 yards in length, and the remaining face is formed by a curve of 223 yards: the whole area was surrounded by a curtain and divided into two wards by a curved ditch in its north-east quarter, which almost isolated that portion of the site, so as to form an inner ward, measuring about 47 by 57 yards: the remaining portion, or outer ward, is thus crescent-shaped, and about 50 yards across at its widest point: the keep, which occupies the eastern angle of the inner ward, measures at its base 86 by 64 feet, with walls from 12 to 15 feet in thickness, but less at the summit, where it reached a height of about 90 feet: the basement, east side and parts of the adjacent north and south walls appear to be the original work of Ralph Flambard: the western half was restored by Bishop Pudsey and in the Decorated period the west and part of the south wall were refaced, and Decorated windows inserted: the interior, when complete, contained a basement of four floors, all divided by a wall from east to west: the curtain proceeding northwards from the keep has a strong salient bastion at the north angle, but a little beyond this is broken down: the curtain from the south-west angle is 50 feet long, 30 high and very thick, and has a square bastion of Decorated work, 40 by 30 feet, and six round-headed arches of 12 feet span: the curtain of the outer ward, crossing the ditch of the inner ward, proceeds round the south side of the area for some distance, and has two polygonal bastions, but the fabric is in parts destroyed: part of the northern curtain, including the Norman gatehouse (40 by 20 feet) remains, and is pierced by deep recesses, splayed inwards from the loops to a width of 11 feet: on the east, south and west are entrenchments. This account is adapted chiefly from Mr. G. T. Clark’s “Military Architecture.” Sir Hubert E. Hy. Jerningham K.C.M.G., J.P. of Longridge Towers, has taken measures to preserve the building.

    Lady Jerningham, Major F. D. Blake, of Tillmouth, Mrs. Friar of Grindon Ridge, George Rae esq. of Middleton, William Orde esq. of Grindon House, and the trustee of the late Lord Crewe, are the principal landed proprietors. The soil is loamy; the subsoil, gravel, resting upon a bed of stone. The land of this neighbourhood is in a high state of cultivation, and is admirably adapted for the growth of wheat, barley, oats and turnips. The area of the township is 2,152 acres of land and 61 of water 5 rateable value, £5,672; the population in 1891 was 873.

    Endowed School (mixed), for 180 children; average attendance, 139; with an endowment of about £30 a year & house & garden for the master; the children of freeholders are taught free; the remainder pay a small sum weekly.

    Grindon Ridge, formerly a portion of the parish, was, by a Local Government Order, dated December 16,1878, transferred to Duddo.

    Kelly's Directory of Northumberland (1894)

    Surnames Found in Norham

    RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
    1Davidson772.51
    2Moffat591.92
    3Scott561.83
    4Brown541.76
    5Robertson461.50
    6Tait441.43
    7Swan431.40
    8Smith411.34
    9Johnston371.21
    10Young361.17
    11Turner351.14
    12Wilson331.08
    13Purves321.04
    14Thompson300.98
    15Gibson290.95
    16Marshall290.95
    17Anderson280.91
    18Turnbull280.91
    19Robson280.91
    20Muckle270.88
    21Punton260.85
    22White250.81
    23Allan250.81
    24Hume240.78
    25Foster230.75
    26Piercy230.75
    27Dodds220.72
    28Bolton220.72
    29Strother210.68
    30Malcolm210.68
    31Wallace210.68
    32Wedderburn200.65
    33Nesbit200.65
    34Hall190.62
    35Briggs190.62
    36Richardson190.62
    37Dickson190.62
    38Rutherford190.62
    39Henderson180.59
    40Lowrie180.59
    41Park170.55
    42Oliver170.55
    43Elliot170.55
    44Reid160.52
    45Watson160.52
    46Carr160.52
    47Coultert160.52
    48Purvis160.52
    49Douglas160.52
    50Trotter150.49
    51Hardy150.49
    52Waugh150.49
    53Wood150.49
    54Dixon150.49
    55Simpson150.49
    56Gray140.46
    57Cockburn140.46
    58Lee140.46
    59Weatherburn140.46
    60Shiel130.42
    61Chisholm130.42
    62Fish120.39
    63Cairns120.39
    64Henry120.39
    65Duncan120.39
    66Moor120.39
    67Nisbet120.39
    68McKay120.39
    69Straughan120.39
    70Todd120.39
    71Weatherston120.39
    72Palmer110.36
    73Hardie110.36
    74Burns110.36
    75Lumsden110.36
    76Cooper110.36
    77Lough100.33
    78Moody100.33
    79Mercell100.33
    80Nevins100.33
    81Rattray100.33
    82Pringle100.33
    83Roxburgh100.33
    84Waite100.33
    85Sanderson100.33
    86Kerr100.33
    87Mercel100.33
    88Dunn100.33
    89Henrie100.33
    90Rule100.33
    91Shepherd100.33
    92Cowens100.33
    93Arnott100.33
    94Dunbar100.33
    95Skeen100.33
    96Graham90.29
    97Blythe90.29
    98Leitch90.29
    99Duce90.29
    100Robinson90.29

    * Statistics based on the 1881 census