London Genealogical Records

London Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

St Botolph Bishopsgate, London Baptism Records (1859-1869)

Baptism registers record the baptism of those born in and around St Botolph Bishopsgate, London and were subsequently baptised in an Anglican place of worship. They are the primary source of birth details before 1837, though are useful to the present.

St Bartholomew, Moor Lane, London Baptism Records (1850-1901)

Baptism registers are the primary source for birth documentation before 1837, though are relevant to the present. They record the date a child was baptised, their parent's names, occupations, residence and more.

Holy Trinity Gough Square, London Baptism Records (1842-1906)

Records of baptism for people born in and around London between 1842 and 1906. Details include child's name, parent's names and dates of birth and/or baptism.

St Thomas in the Liberty of the Rolls Baptisms (1842-1858)

Baptism registers are the primary source for birth documentation before 1837, though are relevant to the present. They record the date a child was baptised, their parent's names, occupations, residence and more.

London Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2008)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

St John the Evangelist Friday St, London Marriages (1906-1910)

Name index linked to original images of the marriage registers of St John the Evangelist Friday Street, London. Records document marriages from 1906 to 1910. Details may include a party's age, residence, martial status, father's name and signature.

Middlesex Stoke Newington, St Faith Marriages (1873-1915)

Details on those who married at Middlesex Stoke Newington, St Faith, London between 1873 and 1915. Information given usually includes abode and marital status. After April 1837 father's names and ages are recorded.

All Saints Skinner Street, London Marriage Records (1864-1869)

Marriage registers are the primary source for marital documentation before 1837, though are relevant to the present. They typically the record marital status and residence of the bride and groom.

St Bartholomew, Moor Lane, London Marriage Records (1850-1899)

Marriage registers are the primary source for marital documentation before 1837, though are relevant to the present. They typically record marital status and residence. Details may also be given on a party's parents, age and parish of origin.

London Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Blofield, London Burial Records (1883)

Records of burial for people buried at Blofield, London between 1883 and 1883. Details include the deceased's name, residence and age.

Lothbury St Margaret, London Burial Records (1825-1852)

Name index linked to original images of the burial registers of Lothbury St Margaret, London. Records document an individual's date of death and/or burial, age residence and more.

All Hallows Honeylane, London Burial Records (1814-1851)

Name index linked to original images of the burial registers of All Hallows Honeylane, London. Records document an individual's date of death and/or burial, age residence and more.

Christchurch, London Burial Records (1814-1836)

Name index linked to original images of the burial registers of Christchurch, London. Records document an individual's date of death and/or burial, age residence and more.

London Church Records

London Parish Registers (1781-1845)

The parish registers of London are the primary source for birth, marriage and death details before civil registration (1837). A full index to names with original images of the registers are available between 1781 and 1845.

St Botolph Aldgate Parish Records (1689-1811)

Digital images, and transcriptions of account books, payments to paupers, pauper examinations, apprenticeship records, lists of paupers, parish & vestry minutes and other records relating to the poor.

St Clement Danes Parish Records (1686-1808)

Digital images, and transcriptions of account books, payments to paupers, clothing books, nursing books, pauper examinations, parish & vestry minutes, overseer's books, settlement certificates, bastardy examinations, removal orders, bastardy registers and other records relating to the poor.

St Dionis Backchurch Parish Records (1680-1817)

Digital images, and transcriptions of account books, clothing books, workhouse inquest minute books, parish & vestry minutes, churchwardens' vouchers, applictions for poor relief, registers of poor infants and bastardy bonds.

London Parish Registers (1535-1853)

The parish registers of London are a collection of books documenting baptisms, marriages and burials from 1535 to 1853.

London Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

London Land Tax Valuations (1910)

An index linked to original images of lists of those eligible to vote in London. Records contain properties - their owners and occupiers and the yearly rent or value of a property.

Marylebone 1831 Census Transcript (1831)

A list of householders in Marylebone, London in 1831.

Marylebone 1821 Census Transcript (1821)

A list of householders in Marylebone, London in 1821.

London Inhabitants Within the Walls (1695)

The names of London householders, including their occupation and parish. Records also include the names of relations.

London Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Peculiar Court of St Paul’s Wills & Probate (1660-1837)

A searchable index connected to images surviving wills and probate documents for the Peculiar Court of the Dean and Chapter of St Paul’s. These records can help trace families back to the 17th century.

PCC Abstracts of Wills (1680-1819)

Summaries of documents that record the desired dispensation of material goods on their decease. Usually contain genealogical information.

Court of Husting Wills (1258-1688)

Calendared London wills from the reign of Henry III to James II.

Peculiar of St Paul’s Probate Index (1750-1858)

An index to probates granted by the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of St Paul’s. The index contains name of the deceased, type and date of grant and residence.

Newspapers Covering London

South London Press (1867)

A local paper including news from the London area, legal & governmental proceedings, family announcements, business notices, advertisements and more.

South London Chronicle (1859-1878)

A popular newspaper, which gives most of its coverage to the boroughs of Southwark and Lambeth.

Shoreditch Observer (1857-1867)

A local paper including news from the Shoreditch area, legal & governmental proceedings, family announcements, business notices, advertisements and more.

East London Observer (1857-1879)

A newspaper covering affairs in and around Hackney & Tower Hamlets.

London City Press (1857-1871)

A newspaper, focusing on the City of Westminster, the houses of government and financial entities.

London Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

London Cemeteries

London Burial Registers (1856-1865)

Digital images of registers containing many burials in London cemeteries. Registers describe the location of a burial.

London Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of London's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Tombs in London Churches Catalogue (1200-1700)

An alphabetical index to monuments found inside London churches.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

London Directories & Gazetteers

Post Office Directory of London (1938)

Place-by-place listings of private and commercial residents, supplemented with descriptions of the settlement.

Post Office Directory of London (1934)

Place-by-place listings of private and commercial residents, supplemented with descriptions of the settlement.

Post Office London Location Suburbs Directory (1919)

Place-by-place listings of private and commercial residents, supplemented with descriptions of the settlement.

Post Office London Location Suburbs Directory (1918)

Place-by-place listings of private and commercial residents, supplemented with descriptions of the settlement.

A Dictionary of London (1918)

A dictionary of streets and other places in The City.

London & District Settlements & Removals (1828-1930)

A collection of records that detail the forced removal and assisted settlement of people in the London area.

St Botolph Aldgate Parish Records (1689-1811)

Digital images, and transcriptions of account books, payments to paupers, pauper examinations, apprenticeship records, lists of paupers, parish & vestry minutes and other records relating to the poor.

Bridewell Royal Hospital (1689-1802)

Digital images, and transcriptions of records detailing punishment of the disorderly poor and housing of homeless children.

St Clement Danes Parish Records (1686-1808)

Digital images, and transcriptions of account books, payments to paupers, clothing books, nursing books, pauper examinations, parish & vestry minutes, overseer's books, settlement certificates, bastardy examinations, removal orders, bastardy registers and other records relating to the poor.

St Dionis Backchurch Parish Records (1680-1817)

Digital images, and transcriptions of account books, clothing books, workhouse inquest minute books, parish & vestry minutes, churchwardens' vouchers, applictions for poor relief, registers of poor infants and bastardy bonds.

London Taxation Records

London Land Tax Valuations (1910)

An index linked to original images of lists of those eligible to vote in London. Records contain properties - their owners and occupiers and the yearly rent or value of a property.

London Marriage Duty Assessment (1695)

A census of all people in several London parishes.

Aldgate Poll Tax (1690-1698)

Records of taxes levied to pay for King William's wars. These records can help to identify a individual's wealth, as wealthier individuals were taxed at higher rates.

City of London Hearth Tax (1662)

Records listing those who were assessed for taxation based on the number of hearths they possessed.

London Subsidy Rolls (1541-1582)

Transcriptions of property tax records for London residents. The years covered are 1541 and 1582.

London Land & Property Records

London Land Tax Valuations (1910)

An index linked to original images of lists of those eligible to vote in London. Records contain properties - their owners and occupiers and the yearly rent or value of a property.

Calendar of London Possessory Assizes (1340-1451)

Early legal records detailing land disputes in and around London.

London Poll Book (1713)

A list of those who voted in the general election of 1713. Occupations and directions of vote are recorded.

City of London Inquisitions Post Mortem (1577-1603)

Abstracts of records assessing the estates of the monarch's direct tenants. Contains details of estates and families.

City of London Inquisitions Post Mortem (1561-1577)

Abstracts of records assessing the estates of the monarch's direct tenants. Contains details of estates and families.

London Occupation & Business Records

Thames Watermen and Lightermen Records (1688-2012)

Almost 100,000 various records shedding light into the work of Thames watermen (men who ferried passengers) and lightermen (men who ferried cargo).

Freedom of the City of London Admission Papers (1680-1925)

240,000 documents, indexed by name that deal with the admission of men to the freedom of the City of London. Records contain information on trades, apprenticeships and are a useful pre-1837 source for fathers' names.

Physicians & Irregular Medical Practitioners (1550-1640)

Biographies of over 850 medical practitioners from The City of London.

Letter Books of the City of London (1275-1496)

A calendar of legal record relating to commerce in the city of London.

Aldermen of the City of London (1230-1908)

A list of those elected to serve as aldermen in London, with detail on the system of aldermen.

London School & Education Records

St Thomas' Hospital Records (1680-1819)

Records of a hospital dealing with a variety of business: primarily the administration of the hospital's properties and estates, leases, and rentals; the holding of manor courts; the appointment and discipline of hospital officers; and the regulation and discipline of medical students.

London School Admissions & Discharges Registers (1840-1911)

Records or admission and discharge for over 1 million pupils attending over 800 state schools in London. Records are indexed by name linked to original images of the registers; and may contain details on the pupil's parents, date of birth, residence, parent's occupations and scholastic history.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering London

The Visitation of London (1066-1635)

A collections of pedigrees of London families with right to bare a coat of arms. Pedigrees were compiled in the early 17th century.

Boyd's Inhabitants of London and Boyd's Family Units (1200-1946)

An essential work for those researching in and around London. This publication gives genealogical and brief biographical information on several hundred thousands inhabitants of London and the surrounding area.

Victoria County History: Middlesex (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

London Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

The Visitation of London (1066-1635)

A collections of pedigrees of London families with right to bare a coat of arms. Pedigrees were compiled in the early 17th century.

London Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of London's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Royal Household Staff (1526-1924)

A name index connected to original images of over 75,000 records recording the lives of those employed by the royal family.

Victoria County History: Middlesex (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

London Military Records

London & Croydon World War Memorial Books (1914-1945)

Books containing over 24,000 profiles and biographies of men who served in the two world wars. Records may contains biographical, genealogical and military information. Some records include photographs. Records can be searched by a name index.

London Volunteers Records (1859-1955)

Service records for various voluntary corps and regiments from London and Middlesex at large.

Historical Records of the Middlesex Yeomanry (1797-1927)

A general history of the yeomanry, focusing on the involvement of its men in WWI.

Middlesex WWI Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War One monuments in Middlesex, with some service details.

Middlesex WWII Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War Two monuments in Middlesex, with some service details.

London Immigration & Travel Records

St Clement Danes Parish Records (1686-1808)

Digital images, and transcriptions of account books, payments to paupers, clothing books, nursing books, pauper examinations, parish & vestry minutes, overseer's books, settlement certificates, bastardy examinations, removal orders, bastardy registers and other records relating to the poor.

Middlesex Convict Transportation Contracts (1682-1787)

Orders to remove convicts from Middlesex and deport them to penal colonies.

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

Alien Arrivals in England (1810-1869)

Details on over 600,000 non-British citizens arriving in England. Often includes age and professions. Useful for discerning the origin of immigrants.

London Histories & Books

Old and New London (1878)

Detailed descriptions of Metropolitan London.

The Environs of London (1189-1796)

Detailed histories of parishes in the London area.

Gazetteer of London Before the Great Fire (1189-1666)

A detailed description of parts of London, as they were in medieval and early-modern times.

Survey of London (1066-Present)

Extremely detailed histories of parishes in and surrounding The City of London.

Survey of London Monograph (1066-Present)

Extremely detailed histories of parishes in and surrounding The City of London.

Biographical Directories Covering London

The Rulers of London (1660-1689)

Biographies of over 1,400 members of the Courts of Aldermen and of Common Council of The City of London.

London Lives (1672-1818)

Biographies of Londoners from all walks of life. They center on the 18th century.

London Medical Directory (1846)

Biographical details for medical professionals, institutions and businesses in the London area.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

London Maps

Maps of London & The Vicinity (1940)

Detailed maps of London and 125 other places in the vicinity.

Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Maps (1872-1892)

Detailed maps of the principal cities in Britain.

Bethnal Green in Maps (1769-2008)

A series of maps showing the evolution of Bethnal Green from a rural village to metropolitan suburb.

16th and 17th Century Maps of London (1550-1690)

Several early maps of The City of London.

The Pocket Atlas & Guide to London (1900)

A series of maps showing jurisdictions and streets in London.

London Reference Works

Lost in London Podcasts (1500-1911)

A series of audio recordings offering advice for those tracing London ancestors.

Borough Market Privileges (1200-1500)

2,300 records concerning market and trading privileges in the hinterland of medieval London.

England Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in England.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

London Information

Civil & Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction:

Historical Description

In a large sence, the Cities of LONDON and WESTMINSTER, with the Borough of Southwark, and whole mass of contiguous Buildings; but in a stricter Acceptation, the City and Liberties of LONDON which having in Antiquity admitted of various Appellacions: Is at present by the Modern French call'd Londres; by other Nations, Londra and Lunden; and in Latine, Londinium.

For Antiquity, 'tis Recorded as Caesar above 1700 Years ago; and Corn Tacitus, more than 1600 Years since, accounts It Famous for Commerce and Frequency of Merchants: To which, add the Mention Amm.Marcel. Makes of Theodosius's coming hither; and the Inscription of a Roman Coyn in Honor of Britannicus Son of Claudius, where you have, METROPOLIS ETIMINIS BASILICOS LONDINUM, not above half a Century after Christ, to prove it both a City and a Metropolis in those Days.

Commodiously situated both for Pleasure and Profit, the River of Thames washing the South-side, or dividing it from Southwark, being distant about 60 Miles from the Eastern and Southern Seas; whereby 'tis equally Accommodated for Importing Merchandise from Abroad, and receiving neccesary Supplies of Provisions at Home.

It may be said to be Situate on the South Limits of the County of Middlesex, or at the Conjunction of that County with Surrey, though It is really a City and County of It self; having for four Miles to the North and South a pleasant Green Valley.

The City and Liberties contain 113 Parishes, and is Divided into six and Twenty Wards, each Govern'd by an Alderman and Deputy. It contains within the Walls 380 Acres, but within the Liberties Bounded on the South by the Thames, and on the West, North and East, with a Chain, the Line of the Freedom: It is 680 Acres; all as full of good and great buildings as conveniency can allow. The Length from Temple-Bar in the West, to White-Chapel-Bars in the East, is 9256 Foot, or one Mile, six Furlongs, and a Pole: The Breadth is seven Furlongs, and two Poles, of 4653 Foot, viz. From the Bars in Bishopgate-street to the Bridg, One of the Remarkables of EUROPE, consisting in nineteen mighty Arches, being in Length sixty four Poles, or 1056 Foot, the fifth Part of an English Mile, accounting 8 Furlongs to a Mile, 40 Poles to a Furlong, 16 Foot and a half to a Pole.

But reckoning the adjoyning Suburbs and WESTMINSTER, and then measuring from Black-Wall inclusive, to the End of St. James's Street beyond Petty-France, it is seven Miles and a half; and from the End of St. Leonard Shoreditch, to the End of Blackman-street in Southwark, the Breadth from North to South, is above two Miles and a half.

The Ecclesiastical Government of the City of LONDON, is by a Bishop, who hath Precedency next to the Arch-Bishop; numbering in a continual Succession of Ten Centuries and an half, Ninety two Bishops. The Cathedral hath a Dean and Chapter, a Treasurer, and thirty Prebendaries: The Diocess contains Middlesex, Essex, and Part of Hertfordshire, and has Five Arch-Deacons, viz. Of London, Middlesex, Essex, Colchester and St. Albans.

The old Cathedral Dedicated to St. Paul, containing in Length from East to West, six hundred and ninety Foot, in Breadth from North to South, one hundred and thirty Foot, (Built in From of a Cross) one hundred and two Foot in Height; adorn'd with a Tower of two hundred and sixty Foot, and a Spire of two hundred and sixty foot more, exalting itself from the Midst of the Cross: This stately Spire cover'd with Lead, with a great Part of the Church, was Ruin'd by Fire, Anno 1561. and after several Eminent Repairs by the Bounty and Piety of Queen Elizabeth, King Charles the Martyr the Bishops of Canterbury, with the Clergy, & the City of LONDON, It was at last wholly destroy'd by dreadful Fire, September the 2, 3, and 4th. Anno Domini 1666. But by the Pious Care and Encouragement of His Sacred Majesty, upon a better Foundation is already very far advanc'd a more Glorious Structure.

The Civil Government of the City of LONDON, in the Romans Time was by a Præfect, the Title continuing three hundred Years: In the Saxons Time by a Portreeve; which after the Conquest was chang'd into, sometimes a Bailiff, and sometimes a Provost. Richard the First Granted them two bailiffs, and King John chang'd them into a Mayor and two Sheriffs: The Mayor with the Court of Alderman and Common-Councel, (like the three Estates in Parliament) Makes Laws.

And to them is added, a Recorder, Chamberlain, Town-Clerk, Common-Sergeant, Remembrancer, Vice-Chamberlain &c.

The Militia of this City and Liberties, as it was Settled soon after His Majesty's Restauration, in six Regiments of Train'd-Bands, and as many Auxiliaries, amount to twenty Thousand Foot, and the Horse eight hundred; the Tower Hamlets, with the train'd-Bands of Southwark and Westminster eight Thousand five hundred more: But in Case of Necessity, there may be Rais'd at least eight thousand able fighting Men, which being Officer'd by the Members of the Artillery-Company, Commanded by His Royal Hughness, ar a Force sufficient to oppose and Enemy, either Forreign of Domestick.

The Mayor of LONDON is, during his Mayoralty, Honor'd with the Title of Lord; Four of his Domestick Attendants are Esquires, viz. The Sword-Bearer, the Common-Hunt, the Common-Cryer, and the Water, Bayliff. He is usually Chosen on Michaelmas Day, and on the Twenty Ninth of October, with great State, Convey'd to Westminster, where taking his Oath, and returning to the Guild-Hall of the City, a most Magnificant Feast is Prepar'd frequently Honor'd with the Presence of the King and Queen, Nobility, and Judges, &c. The sheriffs of the City are Sheriffs of Middlesex, also, who attending the Lord-Mayor, appear Abroad usually on Horseback, wearing Gold-chains, and on a Festivals their Scarlet Gowns, worn likewise by all the Aldermen; but such who have been Lord-Mayors, wear also their Gold-Chains ever after. The Lord-Mayor has His Great Macc and Sword born before Him, and at Coronations claims to be Chief Butler.

The Traders of this City are divided into several Corporations or Companies, the twelve Principal, of one of which the Lord-Mayor is always Free, are the Mercers, Grocers, Drapers, Fish-mongers, Gold-smiths, Skiners, Merchant-Taylors, Haberdashers, Salters, Iron-mongers, Vintoners, and Cloath-Workers; Whose Halls or Guilds resemble so many stately Pallaces; and their Government, not much unlike that of the City, is by a Master, Wardens, and Assistants: The rest of the Companies, to the number of about Seventy, besides the first Twelve, have also their Halls, Governors, and Officers, with their Armorial Ensignes, &c. And are accounted One of the Glories of this Super-Eminent City.

To these We may add, the several Companies of Merchants Trading to Foreign Parts: As, Russia, Turky, East-India, East-Land, and Africa; whose great Adventures, Care and Conduct, for the Increase of Trade and Navigation, is (under Our Gracious Soveraign) the Glory, Riches, and Strength of not only this City, but the Kingdom also. These merchants Meet, for the ready Dispatch of Business, twice a-day upon the Royal-Exchange, first Built by Sr. Thomas Gresham, Anno 1566. But since the Fire more spendidly Re-built by the City and Company of Mercers.

This great and populous City is supply'd with all sorts of Provisions and Necessaries for Sustenance and Delight, as well from the Shops and Butchers-Shambles, as the many Markets, wherewith both the City and Suburbs are furnish'd , and they plentifully Stor'd both from Land and Water. The Thames, which, twice-a-day, brings into her Bosom, Ships Fraught with the Rarities and Riches of the World, is also convey'd by Engines into the highest Parts of the City; which, with the several Springs and Conduits, receiving adjacent Fountains, and the New-River, brought thither at great Labor and Cost, from Ware, by Sir. Hugh Midleton, Annon 1613. so furnishes This, that no City in the World is more abundantly supply'd with Water. Neither is it less accommodated for Fuel, which is Convey'd to it by the River Thames, from New-Castle, Scotland, Kent, and Essex.

Thus we have We given you a Cursory Account of this Celebrated Emporium, which for Situation, Extent, Government, Magnificence, Plenty, Riches and Strength, may Challenge and European City whatsoever.

London Survey'd (1676) by John Ogilby

London, the Seat of the Britains Empire, and the Chamber of the Kings of England It is in compass about 8 miles: the little City Westminster, of old more than a mile distant, is now by fair buildings joyned to London, and is famous for the Church, (wherein the Kings and Nobles have stately Sepulchers) and for the Courts of Justice at Westminster-Hall, where the Parliaments are extraordinarily held, and ordinarily the Chancery, and Kings-Bench; also it hath the Kings stately Palace called Whitehall; to which is joyned the Park and House of St. James. The City of London hath the sumptuous Church of St. Paul, beautified with rich Sepulchers; and the Burse, or Exchange, a stately house built for the meeting of Merchants; a very sumptuous and wonderfull Bridge, built over the Thames; many fair and stately Palaces, whereof great part lye scattered in unfrequented places.

A Geographical Description of the World (1671) by George Meriton

Surnames Found in London

RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
1Smith1,4541.43
2Jones7800.77
3Brown6240.61
4Williams4950.49
5Davis4930.48
6Taylor4490.44
7Harris4000.39
8Johnson3580.35
9White3560.35
10Clark3470.34
11Wood3220.32
12Hall3210.32
13King3200.31
14Allen3170.31
15Green3090.30
16Edwards3090.30
17Walker3070.30
18Martin3060.30
19Wilson2970.29
20Baker2960.29
21Roberts2890.28
22Evans2860.28
23Wright2730.27
24Levy2720.27
25Robinson2690.26
26Hill2640.26
27Moore2590.25
28Morris2570.25
29Phillips2520.25
30Lewis2440.24
31Davies2420.24
32Cooper2390.23
33Collins2350.23
34Thomas2280.22
35Cohen2220.22
36Jackson2160.21
37Young2160.21
38Cook2150.21
39Clarke2140.21
40Carter2130.21
41McCarthy2100.21
42Chapman2080.20
43Turner2070.20
44Lee2070.20
45Webb2050.20
46Thompson2020.20
47Cox2020.20
48Sullivan2020.20
49Price1940.19
50Miller1910.19
51Ward1880.18
52Harrison1870.18
53Morgan1870.18
54Bennett1860.18
55James1810.18
56Rogers1810.18
57Jacobs1790.18
58Scott1780.17
59Hart1750.17
60Reynolds1730.17
61Newman1690.17
62Palmer1650.16
63Bailey1630.16
64Fisher1580.16
65Murphy1580.16
66Adams1550.15
67Ellis1550.15
68Stevens1550.15
69Hughes1540.15
70Parker1540.15
71Richardson1520.15
72Mills1520.15
73Watson1500.15
74Cole1490.15
75Isaacs1460.14
76Harvey1450.14
77Brooks1440.14
78Mason1420.14
79Murray1410.14
80Porter1410.14
81Payne1400.14
82Page1400.14
83Day1380.14
84Hunt1360.13
85Knight1350.13
86Riley1340.13
87West1320.13
88Barker1300.13
89Ford1300.13
90Russell1290.13
91Kelly1280.13
92Howard1280.13
93Hayes1280.13
94Mitchell1270.12
95Simpson1260.12
96Holmes1260.12
97Powell1260.12
98Dunn1240.12
99Wells1240.12
100Lloyd1230.12