Horfield Genealogical Records

Horfield Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

FreeBMD Births (1837-1957)

An index to births registered at the central authority for England & Wales. The index provides the area where the birth was registered, mother's maiden name from September 1911 and a reference to order a birth certificate.

British Army Birth Index (1761-2005)

An index to births registered to British Army personal at home and abroad.

Birth Notices from The Times (1983-2003)

An index to over 100,000 birth and christening notices from The London Times.

London Clandestine Marriages & Baptisms (1667-1754)

Registers of clandestine marriages and baptisms from the Fleet Prison, King's Bench Prison, the Mint and the May Fair Chapel. These events were recorded to avoid church regulations. Although the majority of records related to people in the London area, they cover people from throughout Britain and in some cases abroad.

Horfield Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2008)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Bristol Diocese Marriage Bonds (1637-1700)

A calendar to marriage licences granted by Bristol Diocese.

Vicar General’s Office Marriage Licences (1600-1679)

Abstracts of marriage licences granted by the Vicar-General in London. These licences could be used to marry in any church in the Province of Canterbury.

Gloucestershire Marriages, Licences & Banns (1524-1913)

Transcripts of marriage & banns registers and marriage licences from 350 parishes in Gloucestershire.

UK Divorce Records (1858-1911)

Digital images of documents from civil divorce cases. The cases cover both the cause of the case and the outcome, such as division of property and visitation rights. These records also contain details of illegitimate children. Cases can be searched by a name index.

Horfield Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

FreeBMD Deaths (1837-1964)

An index to deaths registered at the central authority for England and Wales. To 1866, only the locality the death was registered in was listed. Age was listed until 1969, when the deceased's date of birth was listed. Provides a reference to order a death certificate, which has further details.

British Army Death Index (1796-2005)

An index to deaths of British Army personal at home and abroad.

Death Notices from The Times (1982-1988)

An index to over 54,000 death notices and obituaries from The London Times.

Horfield Church Records

Catholic History in South West England (1517-1856)

A history of Catholicism in South West England with biographies of noted Catholics. Contains details of the Dominican, Benedictine, and Franciscan orders.

Gloucestershire Parish Church Montages (1990-Present)

Photographs of monuments, stained glass windows, fonts, memorials and other architectural facets of parish churches in Gloucestershire.

Gloucestershire Parish Church Photos (1990-2000)

Low-resolution photographs of 379 CoE churches in the county.

Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1663-1859)

An index to names and places mentioned in act books of the Province of Canterbury. It records various licences and conferments, such as marriage and physician licences.

Gloucestershire Parish Church Photographs (1990-Present)

Low-resolution photographs of Anglican churches in the county of Gloucester.

Horfield Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Gloucestershire Lay Subsidies (1581-1595)

Four lay subsidies that record tax levied on real estate.

1901 British Census (1901)

The 1901 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1891 British Census (1891)

The 1891 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1881 British Census (1881)

The 1881 census provides details on an individual's age, residence and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows for searches on multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Horfield Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1649-1660)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1581-1595)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1581-1619)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1559-1571)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Newspapers Covering Horfield

Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette (1749-1949)

Original images of a local newspaper, searchable via a full text index. Includes news from the Bath area, business notices, obituaries, family announcements and more.

Bristol Mercury (1716-1900)

A searchable newspaper providing a rich variety of information about the people and places of the Bristol district. Includes obituaries and family announcements.

The Bristol Times And Mirror (1897)

A single year's run of a newspaper covering the Bristol area. Contains family, business and legal notices among others.

The Bristolian (1829-1831)

A good run through 1829-1831. Original images, searchable by an OCR index.

The Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette (1761)

A considerable run of the newspaper for 1761. Original images, searchable by an OCR index.

Horfield Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Horfield Cemeteries

Gloucestershire Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Gloucestershire's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Mausolea and Monuments (1500-Present)

Profiles of several hundred mausolea found in the British Isles.

Maritime Memorials (1588-1950)

Several thousand transcribed memorials remembering those connected with the nautical occupations.

Horfield Directories & Gazetteers

Kelly's Directory of Bristol and Suburbs (1938)

An exhaustive gazetteer, containing details of settlement's history, governance, churches, postal services, public institutions and more. Also contains lists of residents with their occupation and address.

Kelly's Directory of Gloucestershire (1939)

An exhaustive gazetteer, containing details of settlement's history, governance, churches, postal services, public institutions and more. Also contains lists of residents with their occupation and address.

Kelly's Directory of Gloucestershire (1935)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Kelly's Directory of Gloucestershire (1927)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory of Gloucestershire (1923)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Gloucestershire Inquisitions Post Mortem (1637-1642)

Abstracts of records detailing the deaths of landowners in Gloucestershire and the inheritance of their lands.

Gloucestershire Inquisitions Post Mortem (1625-1649)

Abstracts of inquisitions post mortem from the Court of Chancery from the reign of Charles I. These records were made on the death of landowners and can contain considerable details on landholdings and families. Ages are often recorded.

Gloucestershire Inquisitions Post Mortem (1302-1358)

Abstracts of records detailing the deaths of landowners in Gloucestershire and the inheritance of their lands.

Gloucestershire Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1300)

Abstracts of records detailing the deaths of landowners in Gloucestershire and the inheritance of their lands.

Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1663-1859)

An index to names and places mentioned in act books of the Province of Canterbury. It records various licences and conferments, such as marriage and physician licences.

Horfield Taxation Records

Gloucestershire Lay Subsidies (1581-1595)

Four lay subsidies that record tax levied on real estate.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures (1710-1811)

An index linked to original images of registers recording apprenticeship indentures. Details are given on the trade and nature of apprenticeship. Many records list the parents of the apprentice.

Red Book of the Exchequer (1066-1230)

A compilation of records from the Court of the Exchequer primarily dealing with taxes and land. These records are in Latin.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Horfield Land & Property Records

Gloucestershire Inquisitions Post Mortem (1637-1642)

Abstracts of records detailing the deaths of landowners in Gloucestershire and the inheritance of their lands.

Gloucestershire Inquisitions Post Mortem (1625-1649)

Abstracts of inquisitions post mortem from the Court of Chancery from the reign of Charles I. These records were made on the death of landowners and can contain considerable details on landholdings and families. Ages are often recorded.

Gloucestershire Lay Subsidies (1581-1595)

Four lay subsidies that record tax levied on real estate.

Gloucestershire Inquisitions Post Mortem (1302-1358)

Abstracts of records detailing the deaths of landowners in Gloucestershire and the inheritance of their lands.

Gloucestershire Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1300)

Abstracts of records detailing the deaths of landowners in Gloucestershire and the inheritance of their lands.

Horfield Occupation & Business Records

Gloucestershire Pubs & Breweries (1400-Present)

A database of profiles of Gloucestershire pubs and breweries.

Smuggling on the West Coast (1690-1867)

An introduction to smuggling on the west coast of Britain & the Isle of Man, with details of the act in various regions.

Carpenter Apprentices from Gloucestershire (1654-1694)

A list of Gloucestershire boys who were apprenticed to the Carpenters Company in London. Includes father's names.

Stationer Apprentices from Gloucestershire (1605-1625)

A list of Gloucestershire boys who were apprenticed to the Company of Stationers in London. Includes father's names.

Gloucestershire Pub Histories (1820-Present)

Histories of Gloucestershire pubs, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

Horfield School & Education Records

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge Alumni Database (1198-1910)

A searchable database containing over 90,000 note-form biographies for students of Cambridge University.

Dissenting Academy Database (1660-1860)

Histories of schools operated by non-conformist clergy.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Horfield

Victoria County History: Gloucestershire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Ancestry Member Family Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A compilation of lineage-linked family trees submitted by Ancestry users. The database contains over 2 billion individuals and is searchable by numerous metrics.

Horfield Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

Victoria County History: Gloucestershire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

The Visitation of Gloucestershire: 1682-3 (1000-1683)

Pedigrees compiled from a late 17th century heraldic visitation of Gloucestershire. This work records the lineage, descendants and marriages of families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Gloucestershire Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Gloucestershire's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Horfield Military Records

Soldiers of Gloucestershire (1694-1995)

A digital library containing artifacts and commentary relating to military history in Gloucestershire. Includes a database of soldiers and digital images of all kinds of military paraphernalia and ephemera.

Stroud District and its Part in The Great War (1914-1919)

A chronological account of the war from the perspective of part of Gloucestershire. Contains lists of many men from the area who served.

Gloucestershire WWI Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War One monuments in Gloucestershire, with some service details.

Gloucestershire WWII Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War Two monuments in Gloucestershire, with some service details.

Prisoners of War of British Army (1939-1945)

A searchable list of over 100,000 British Army POWs. Records contains details on the captured, their military career and where they were held prisoner.

Horfield Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

Alien Arrivals in England (1810-1869)

Details on over 600,000 non-British citizens arriving in England. Often includes age and professions. Useful for discerning the origin of immigrants.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Horfield Histories & Books

Catholic History in South West England (1517-1856)

A history of Catholicism in South West England with biographies of noted Catholics. Contains details of the Dominican, Benedictine, and Franciscan orders.

Victoria County History: Gloucestershire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

Gloucestershire Parish Church Montages (1990-Present)

Photographs of monuments, stained glass windows, fonts, memorials and other architectural facets of parish churches in Gloucestershire.

Gloucestershire Parish Church Photos (1990-2000)

Low-resolution photographs of 379 CoE churches in the county.

Gloucestershire Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in Gloucestershire.

Biographical Directories Covering Horfield

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

The Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1654-1930)

A directory containing lengthy biographies of noted British figures. The work took over two decades to compile. Biographies can be searched by name and are linked to images of the original publication.

Church of England Clergy Database (1500-1835)

A database of CoE clergy, giving details of their education of service. Contains references to source documents. Also contains profiles of various church institutions.

Horfield Maps

Maps of Gloucestershire (1607-1922)

Digital images of maps covering the county.

Map of Gloucestershire (1805)

A useful map of the county, charting settlements and important landmarks, such as turnpikes, parks, castles, abbeys etc.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Ordnance Survey One-inch to the Mile Maps (1945-1947)

High-quality digital reproductions of maps plotting, settlements, roads, natural features and other features in England & Wales.

Horfield Reference Works

England Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in England.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

British Family Mottoes (1189-Present)

A dictionary of around 9,000 mottoes for British families who had right to bear arms.

Horfield Information

Civil & Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction:

Historical Description

HORFIELD is a parish, pleasantly seated on the Great Northern road to Gloucester and Birmingham, 2 miles north from Bristol, in the lower division of the hundred of Berkeley, Barton Regis union, Lawford’s Gate petty sessional division, Bristol county court district, rural deanery of Stapleton and archdeaconry and diocese of Bristol.

The “Local Government Act of 1858” 21 & 22 Vic. c. 98) was adopted by part of the parish, May 18, 1866, and the district was extended under 44 & 45 Vic. c. 99. A Local Board was formed in 1871, but by the “Local Government Act, 1894” (56 & 57 Vict. c. 73), this has now been superseded by an Urban District Council of 15 members, and included, for parliamentary purposes, under the provisions of the “Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885,” within the borough of Bristol, the remainder of the parish being in the Southern division of the county of Gloucester. The church of the Holy Trinity, rebuilt and enlarged in 1847, and again enlarged in 1893, by the erection of a new tower, at a total cost of £2,159, is an edifice of stone, in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave of six bays, aisles, chapel of St. Andrew, porch and an embattled western tower containing a clock and 5 bells: there are several stained windows and a screen: the church was restored in 1878 and 1884, at a total cost of £600, and will seat 400 persons. The register, dating from 1543, is well written and in good preservation. The living is a rectory, net yearly value £272, including 20 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of the Bishop of Bristol, and held since 1879 by the Rev. Fanshawe Bingham MA. of Trinity College, Cambridge. Dudden's charity of about £1 8s. yearly value is distributed in bread on New Year’s Day. In 1885 Mrs. Richards left £200, the interest to be expended by the incumbent for the time being in the purchase of clothing for 20 deserving poor women of the parish; also the interest of £500 for the relief of the sick and deserving poor; the interest of £100 to be given as annual prizes in the National schools; and the interest of £150 for keeping up the inclosure in the churchyard belonging to the Richards family. Horfield is the depot of the 28th Regimental district assigned to “the Gloucestershire Regiment”: there are infantry barracks for 600 men, with a school chapel, in which Divine service for the soldiers is held every Sunday morning; all other services are held in the parish church. Horfield Castle is the residence of Alfred William Francis esq. Bishop Monk’s Horfield trustees are lords of the manor. J. Shadwell esq. and Mervin Herbert Nevil Story-Maskelyne esq. of Bassett Down House, Swindon, are the chief landowners. The soil is loam; subsoil, clay and stone. Lime abounds here. The chief crops are hay and corn.

The area is 1,301 acres; rateable value, 1897, £45,930, including Bishopston, and 1,800 houses; the population of the urban district in 1891 was 7,557, and of the civil parish 8,202, including 457 in the barracks and 173 in H.M. Prison; and in the ecclesiastical parish, 2,912.

A School Board of 7 members was formed July 25, 1893; Charles Thomas Davis, 20 Lancashire road, Bishopston, clerk to the board; James Thomas Wilde, 61 Church road.

Board meets at Board Schools, Bishop road, on 3rd Thursday in each calender month, at 6.30 p.m.

Bishop road, built in 1895, at a cost of £8,815, for 186 boys, 184 girls & 232 infants; average attendance, 95 boys, 84 girls & 94 infants.

Ashley Down road (temporary) (mixed), for 90 children; average attendance, 90.

National (St. Edmond’s Trust) (boys), Gloucester Road, enlarged in 1880, for 210 children; average attendance, 207.

National Church of England (girls & infants), built by the Rev. F. Bingham in 1880, for 200 children; average attendance, no girls & 87 infants.

Kelly's Directory of Gloucestershire (1897)

Surnames Found in Horfield

RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
1Smith1242.15
2Williams741.28
3Jones400.69
4Harris390.68
5Thomas340.59
6Andrews340.59
7Turner320.55
8Watts320.55
9Lewis290.50
10Morgan290.50
11Bryant270.47
12Taylor250.43
13Hill250.43
14Nicholls250.43
15Bennett240.42
16Adams240.42
17Baker230.40
18Jenkins230.40
19Ford230.40
20Rosling230.40
21White220.38
22Clark220.38
23King220.38
24Allen220.38
25Hunt220.38
26Pearce220.38
27Stone220.38
28Martin210.36
29Davis210.36
30Cox210.36
31Thompson200.35
32Richards200.35
33Bridges200.35
34Phillips190.33
35Vincent190.33
36Moon190.33
37Waite190.33
38Mitchell180.31
39Payne180.31
40Stephens180.31
41Parsons170.29
42Withers170.29
43Brown160.28
44Wood160.28
45Palmer160.28
46Bird160.28
47Townsend160.28
48Hale160.28
49Weeks160.28
50Wilcox160.28
51Herridge160.28
52Hall150.26
53Moore150.26
54Bailey150.26
55Tucker150.26
56Smart150.26
57Gough150.26
58Salmon150.26
59Donnolly150.26
60Peglar150.26
61Priday150.26
62Clarke140.24
63Cook140.24
64Parker140.24
65Carter140.24
66Cole140.24
67Weston140.24
68Giles140.24
69Mathews140.24
70Searle140.24
71Iles140.24
72Skuse140.24
73Roberts130.23
74Perry130.23
75Poole130.23
76Holloway130.23
77Webber130.23
78Gover130.23
79Cooper120.21
80Morris120.21
81Young120.21
82Harvey120.21
83Page120.21
84Pollard120.21
85Ingram120.21
86Pitt120.21
87Dowling120.21
88Bethell120.21
89Hucker120.21
90Headington120.21
91Casile120.21
92Edwards110.19
93Rogers110.19
94Brooks110.19
95Ball110.19
96Osborne110.19
97Birch110.19
98Love110.19
99Foley110.19
100Hartnell110.19

* Statistics based on the 1881 census