Grays Thurrock Genealogical Records

Grays Thurrock Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

All Saints, Grays Thurrock Baptism Records (1921-1985)

Baptism registers are the primary source for birth documentation before 1837, though are relevant to the present. They record the date a child was baptised, their parent's names and more.

St. Peter & St. Paul, Grays Thurrock Baptism Records (1677-1972)

Baptism registers record the baptism of those born in and around St. Peter & St. Paul, Grays Thurrock and were subsequently baptised in an Anglican place of worship. They are the primary source of birth details before 1837, though are useful to the present. Records can include name of child, parent's names, residence, occupations and more.

St Peter & St, Grays Thurrock Baptism Records (1813-1825)

Baptism registers are the primary source for birth documentation before 1837, though are relevant to the present. They record the date a child was baptised, their parent's names and more.

Essex Baptism Registers (1537-Present)

Digital images of all baptism registers deposited at Essex Archives. Some registers are indexed by name.

Grays Thurrock Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2008)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

All Saints, Grays Thurrock Banns Records (1958-1986)

Banns registers record details of those who wished to marry. They sometimes contain information not listed in marriage registers, notably the bride and groom's parish of residence. Banns also record marriages that were intended that did not go ahead and serve as a filler when a marriage register has been lost or damaged.

All Saints, Grays Thurrock Marriage Records (1927-1986)

Marriage registers record Anglican marriages in All Saints, Grays Thurrock. They are the primary marriage document before 1837 and contain the same details as marriage certificates from then on.

St. Peter & St. Paul, Grays Thurrock Banns Records (1815-1994)

Banns registers list the names of people who intended to marry by the system of calling banns, in which the bride and groom's name were called for three weeks at church. At these callings objections could be made to a marriage. They record the bride and groom's parish of residence.

St. Peter & St. Paul, Grays Thurrock Marriages (1674-1976)

The Marriage registers of St. Peter & St. Paul, Grays Thurrock, document marriages 1674 to 1976. Details given on the bride and groom may include their age, father's name, marital status and residence.

Grays Thurrock Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

St. Peter & St. Paul, Grays Thurrock Burial Records (1674-1955)

Burial records for people buried at St. Peter & St. Paul, Grays Thurrock, detail the deceased's name, residence and age from 1674 to 1955.

Salisbury Road Strict Baptist Church Burials (1883-1936)

Burial registers for a Baptist church in Essex. These records include residence, occupation, age and occasionally other details.

Salisbury Road Strict Baptist Church Burials (1883-1936)

Burial registers for a Baptist church in Essex. These records include residence, occupation, age and occasionally other details.

St Peter & St, Grays Thurrock Burial Records (1813-1825)

Burial registers are the primary source for death documentation before 1837, though are relevant to the present. They record the date someone was buried, their age & residence.

Grays Thurrock Church Records

Grays Thurrock Parish Registers (1674-1994)

Documentation for those baptised, married and buried at Grays Thurrock. Parish registers can assist tracing a family back numerous generations.

Grays Thurrock Parish Registers (1813-1825)

The parish registers of Grays Thurrock provide details of births, marriages and deaths from 1813 to 1825. Parish registers can assist tracing a family back numerous generations.

London Consistory Court Depositions (1586-1611)

An index to over 1,800 cases brought before the court. For witnesses, age and residence is usually given. The cases cover such matters as defamation, marriage and tithes.

The London Diocese Book (1890)

A calendar for the Diocese and a list of over 6,000 of its clergy.

Essex Parish Registers (1537-Present)

Digital images of all parish registers deposited at Essex Archives. Some registers are indexed by name.

Grays Thurrock Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1901 British Census (1901)

The 1901 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1891 British Census (1891)

The 1891 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1881 British Census (1881)

The 1881 census provides details on an individual's age, residence and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows for searches on multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

British Phone Books (1880-1984)

Directories containing over 275,000,000 entries. As well as name, address and phone number, occupations are often recorded. A useful census substitute.

Grays Thurrock Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Archdeaconry of Essex Probate Index (1400-1720)

An index to wills proved by the Archdeaconry of Essex. The index includes the testator's name, residence, occupation and a reference to order a copy of the will.

Commissary Court of London Wills & Probate (1523-1857)

A searchable index connected to images surviving wills and probate documents for the Commissary Court of London. These records can help trace families back to the late 15th century.

Consistory Court of London Wills & Probate (1514-1858)

A searchable index connected to images surviving wills and probate documents for the Consistory Court of London. These records can help trace families back to the late 15th century.

London Consistory Court Wills (1492-1520)

Transcriptions of early wills covering the City of London and its environs.

Newspapers Covering Grays Thurrock

Essex Newsman (1870-1949)

Regional news; notices of births, marriages and deaths; business notices; details on the proceedings of public institutions; adverts and a rich tapestry of other regional information from the Essex district. Every line of text from the newspaper can be searched and images of the original pages viewed.

Essex Standard (1831-1900)

A regional newspaper including news from the Essex district, business notices, family announcements, legal & governmental proceedings, advertisements and more.

Herts Guardian (1852-1867)

A regional newspaper primarily covering Hertfordshire, but also Essex, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire and Middlesex. Its coverage was biased towards agricultural issues and affairs. It contained announcements of births, marriages and deaths.

The Colchester Gazette and General Advertiser (1814-1817)

A newspaper covering Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire. Around 50% of issues from 1814-1817. Original images, searchable by an OCR index.

The Daily Herald (1926)

A London newspaper that later became The Sun.

Grays Thurrock Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Grays Thurrock Cemeteries

The Ancient Sepulchral Monuments of Essex (1135-1890)

Transcriptions and illustrations of monuments erected remembrance of personages in Essex. Also contains pedigrees for historic families of the county.

Essex Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Essex's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Essex Monumental Inscriptions (1100-2007)

An index to vital details engraved on over 170,000 gravestones and other monuments across the county of Essex.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Grays Thurrock Directories & Gazetteers

Kelly's Directory of Essex (1937)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory of Essex (1933)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory of Essex (1929)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory of Essex (1925-1926)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory of Essex (1922)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

London Consistory Court Depositions (1586-1611)

An index to over 1,800 cases brought before the court. For witnesses, age and residence is usually given. The cases cover such matters as defamation, marriage and tithes.

Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1663-1859)

An index to names and places mentioned in act books of the Province of Canterbury. It records various licences and conferments, such as marriage and physician licences.

Home Office Prison Calendars (1868-1929)

Records of over 300,000 prisoners held by quarter sessions in England & Wales. Records may contain age, occupation, criminal history, offence and trial proceedings.

Central Criminal Court After-trial Calendars (1855-1931)

Over 175,000 records detailing prisoner's alleged offences and the outcome of their trial. Contains genealogical information.

Prison Hulk Registers (1802-1849)

From the late 18th century many prisoners in Britain were kept on decommissioned ships known as hulks. This collection contains nearly 50 years of registers for various ships. Details given include: prisoner's name, date received, age, year of birth and conviction details.

Grays Thurrock Taxation Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures (1710-1811)

An index linked to original images of registers recording apprenticeship indentures. Details are given on the trade and nature of apprenticeship. Many records list the parents of the apprentice.

Red Book of the Exchequer (1066-1230)

A compilation of records from the Court of the Exchequer primarily dealing with taxes and land. These records are in Latin.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Testa De Nevill (1198-1251)

An account of knights' fees and serjeanties in the reigns of Henry the Third and Edward the First.

Grays Thurrock Land & Property Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1291)

Abstracts of records detailing the estates and families of deceased tenants from the reigns of Henry III and Edward I.

Red Book of the Exchequer (1066-1230)

A compilation of records from the Court of the Exchequer primarily dealing with taxes and land. These records are in Latin.

Return of Owners of Land England (1873)

A list of landowners in England giving their primary residence, extent of their land and estimated yearly rental.

Grays Thurrock Occupation & Business Records

Smuggling on the South East Coast (1675-1871)

An introduction to smuggling in on the east coast of England, with details of the act in various regions.

Essex Wages Assessment (1651)

Details of the wages to be expected for various tradesmen and labourers.

Smuggling on the East Coast (1600-1892)

An introduction to smuggling on the east coast of England, with details of the act in various regions.

Essex Pub Histories (1820-Present)

Histories of Essex pubs, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

Lost Pubs of Essex (1750-Present)

Short histories of former public houses, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

Grays Thurrock School & Education Records

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge Alumni Database (1198-1910)

A searchable database containing over 90,000 note-form biographies for students of Cambridge University.

Dissenting Academy Database (1660-1860)

Histories of schools operated by non-conformist clergy.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Grays Thurrock

The Ancient Sepulchral Monuments of Essex (1135-1890)

Transcriptions and illustrations of monuments erected remembrance of personages in Essex. Also contains pedigrees for historic families of the county.

Victoria County History: Essex (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Grays Thurrock Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

Victoria County History: Essex (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

Visitations of Essex: 1552, 1558, 1570, 1612 & 1634 (1000-1634)

Five collections of pedigrees based on 16th and 17th century genealogical manuscripts. These works record families who had a right to bear coat of arms, essentially the gentry.

Essex Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Essex's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Grays Thurrock Military Records

The Essex Regiment - 1st Battalion (44th) (1740-1919)

A chronicle of the regiment's part in numerous military campaigns from around the world.

Essex WWI Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War One monuments in Essex, with some service details.

Essex WWII Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War Two monuments in Essex, with some service details.

Prisoners of War of British Army (1939-1945)

A searchable list of over 100,000 British Army POWs. Records contains details on the captured, their military career and where they were held prisoner.

British Prisoners of World War II (1939-1945)

Details on around 165,000 men serving in the British Army, Navy and Air Force who were held as prisoners during WWII.

Grays Thurrock Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

Alien Arrivals in England (1810-1869)

Details on over 600,000 non-British citizens arriving in England. Often includes age and professions. Useful for discerning the origin of immigrants.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Grays Thurrock Histories & Books

Victoria County History: Essex (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

Handbook: Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk & Cambridgeshire (1892)

A traveller's guide to four Southern counties.

Essex Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in Essex.

Essex Church Photographs (2004-Present)

Photographs of the interiors and exteriors of Essex churches. Also contains some architectural information.

Dictionary of Essex & Suffolk Words and Phrases (1700-1950)

A short list of words and phrases peculiar to the two counties.

Biographical Directories Covering Grays Thurrock

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

The Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1654-1930)

A directory containing lengthy biographies of noted British figures. The work took over two decades to compile. Biographies can be searched by name and are linked to images of the original publication.

Church of England Clergy Database (1500-1835)

A database of CoE clergy, giving details of their education of service. Contains references to source documents. Also contains profiles of various church institutions.

Grays Thurrock Maps

Essex and Suffolk Maps (1360-1910)

A collection of maps plotting the counties of Essex and Suffolk, and some of their settlements.

Maps of Essex (1601-1892)

Digital images of maps covering the county.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Ordnance Survey One-inch to the Mile Maps (1945-1947)

High-quality digital reproductions of maps plotting, settlements, roads, natural features and other features in England & Wales.

Grays Thurrock Reference Works

Essex Place Names (1200-1850)

A database of names of fields, roads, inns, houses, farms, manors, places, rivers, streams, woods, etc, and names of owners, tenants, landlords, parties to agreements etc, recorded from historic documents.

England Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in England.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

Grays Thurrock Information

Civil & Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction:

Historical Description

Grey’s Thurrock, so distinguished from having been the property of the noble family of Grey, for a space of upwards of three centuries, was granted by Richard I. to Sir Henry de Grey.—Grey’s Thurrock consists chiefly of a single irregular street, built along a small creek from the Thames, which is navigable for lighters and other small craft Corn is the chief article bold at the market, which is well attended.

The church is a good building, and is dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul. The number of houses in this village are 83. the population 677.

Topography of Great Britain, written: 1802-29 by George Alexander Cooke

GRAYS (otherwise Grays Thurrock) is a thriving town and parish on the north bank of the Thames, with a station on the London, Tilbury and Southend railway, which is also the junction of the line to Upminster and Romford, 21 miles from London, 3 ½ west from Tilbury Fort, 4 south-west from Orsett, 12 south from Brentwood, 23 south-west from Chelmsford, 12 south-east from Romford and 3 (by water) from Gravesend, and is in the South Eastern division of the county, in Chafford hundred, Orsett union and petty sessional division, the head of a county court district, and in the rural deanery of Orsett, archdeaconry of Essex and diocese of St. Albans. The town, formerly governed by a Local Board of Health, established in 1886, is now, under the provisions of the “Local Government Act, 1894” (56 and 57 Vict. c. 73), controlled by an Urban District Council; it is lighted by electricity from works the property of the Urban District Council, and is supplied with gas by the Grays Gas Co. Lim. and with water from the South Essex Water Works; the chief pumping station, which is at Grays, also supplies the surrounding villages. In 1894 a system of drainage was completed at a total cost of about £42,000, under the superintendence of Mr. W. H. Radford A.M.I.C.E. of Nottingham; the sewage is treated by chemical precipitation and subsequently filtered, and there are outfall works in the south-east part of the town near the Thames. The parish of Little Thurrock and the Tilbury portion of Chadwell St. Mary are also connected with these works for drainage purposes. The church of SS. Peter and Paul, rebuilt in 1846, is a cruciform building of flint in the Early English style, consisting of chancel, nave, north aisle of similar dimensions, divided into four bays, south porch and a tower on the north side with, dwarf broach spire and containing 3 bells: the stained east window is a memorial to the children of R. Meeson esq. and was erected in 1870: there is a memorial tablet in the church to the schoolmaster and boys of the training ship “Goliath,” who perished by drowning during the destruction of that vessel by fire, Dec. 22, 1875; the church plate includes a handsome flagon, presented 6 Sept. 1877, by Jeremiah Long esq.: there is a brass of a civilian with his two wives and some children (c. 1510) and various modern memorials to the families of Button, of Mucking Hall; Meeson, of Duvals; De Vitre and others: the church affords 750 sittings. The register of marriages and of burials dates from 1674; baptisms from 1677. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value £180, with residence, in the gift of Claude H. Long esq. of 50 Marine parade, Brighton, and held since 1901 by the Rev. Ernest William Banks M.A. of Oxford University. Mrs. Errington, of Merry Oak, Southampton, is owner of the impropriate tithes. All Saints is an ecclesiastical district formed in 1886; the temporary iron church, in William street, erected in 1887 at the expense of the late J, Theobald esq. M.P. will seat about 400 people; the Rev. Frederick Haslock has been curate in charge since 1886, and is also chaplain to the” Exmouth” training ship and honorary chaplain to the, “Shaftesbury” training ship. There is a parish ball in the Broadway, and an institute for girls in William street. The Catholic church, in East Thurrock road, dedicated to St. Thomas of Canterbury, and erected in 1886, at a cost of £3,500, is of brick with stone dressings, and will seat 450; adjoining is a piece of land belonging to the church. The Congregational chapel, in New road, was built in 18'86, at a cost of £2,800, and will seat 500. The Baptist chapel, in Orsett road, was erected in 1893, at a cost of £1,800, from the designs of Mr. Charles Cobham F.S.I. architect, of Grays, and has sittings for 500. The Primitive Methodist chapel, in New road, erected in 1870, at a cost of £1,837, seat 350. The Wesleyan chapel, in the London road, built in 1884, at a cost of £3,000, will seat 400. The Free Methodist chapel, in New road, erected in 1873, seats 180. The Strict Baptist chapel, in Grove road, built in 1879, will seat 150. A chapel for the Peculiar People, in Salisbury road, was erected in 1892, at a cost of £700, and seats nearly 300. The Salvation Army hold their services at their barracks in High street. A cemetery of 4 acres, at Little Thurrock, was formed in 1880, at a cost of £500; it includes a mortuary chapel and lodge, and is under the control of the Urban District Council. The Public Hall, in High street, is licensed for dramatic entertainments, and will seat 400. The Fire Brigade station, in the Orsett road, built in 1893, at a cost of £1,300, from plans by Mr. Charles Cobham F.S.I. of Grays, includes a club room for the members of the brigade. The Public Libraries Act, 1855” (18 and 19 Vict. c. 70), was adopted here in 1893, and in 1894 a room in Bank buildings, in the High street, was opened as a Free Reading Room and Library. Classes for Technical Instruction are held in the Quarry Hill and Bridge Road Board Schools, and also at Palmer’s Endowed School (theoretical and practical chemistry), every week day evening during the winter months. No. 3 Company of the 1st Essex Royal Garrison Artillery Volunteers has its head quarters on Quarry hill. A considerable trade in bricks, lime and cement is carried on here. The market granted by Henry III. and formerly held on Thursday, is now extinct. The” Exmouth,” an old man-of-war, now a training vessel for boys, under the control of the Metropolitan Asylums Board, is moored off the river bank; about 600 boys are here taught seamanship and subsequently drafted into the army, navy and merchant service; the infirmary attached to the ship is in Argent street: there are also swimming baths; the ship is lighted by electricity. The “Shaftesbury,” an old P. & O. boat, now an industrial training ship for boys (London School Board), is also moored off here, and has 400 boys, who are taught seamanship and various trades: in the West field is a hospital in connection with it, built in 1898; there is further a training schooner, the “Themis,” which carries 30 boys. In digging the foundations for the station master’s house a Roman tesselated pavement was found, with a portion of Roman masonry: the former now forms the pavement of the church vestry; a number of other antiquities found at Grays are in the Museum of Geology, Jermyn street, London, and were contributed in January, 1869, by R. Meeson esq. F.S.A., F.G.S. of Duvals, where during the process of excavation in 1871 the lid of a stone coffin was found, supposed to be of the 14th century. The Duvals is the residence of Edmund Wright Brooks esq. J.P. and Grays Hall of Thomas Alfred Capron esq. Charles Seabrooke esq. J.P. is lord of the manor. Mrs. Errington, of Merry Oak, Southampton, the Grays Chalk Quarries Co. Lim. Edward Richard Parker esq. J.P. H. D’Oyley W. Astley esq. and William Williams esq. are the chief landowners. The area is 1,376 acres of land, 6 of water, 225 of tidal water and 95 of foreshore; rateable value, £46,741; the population in 1891 was 12,219, and in 1901, 13,831, which includes 600 on board the training ship “Exmouth” and 400 on board the London School Board’s Industrial School ship “Shaftesbury.”

Petty Sessions are held at the Police station & Court house, Grays, every Friday at 10.45 a.m. The following places are included in the Petty Sessional Division-Aveley, Bulphan, Chadwell St. Mary, Corringham, East Tilbury, Fobbing, Grays Thurrock, Horndon-on-the-Hill, Langdon Hills, Little Thurrock, Mucking, North Ockenden, Orsett, South Ockenden, Stanford. le-Hope, Stifford, West Thurrock, West Tilbury, Wennington & Rainham.

PLACES OF WORSHIP, with times of services

SS. Peter & Paul Church, High street, Rev. Ernest Wm. Banks M.A. vicar; Rev. James Meeser, curate; 8 & 11 a.m. & 3 & 6.30 p.m.; daily, 8 a.m.; Wed. 11 a.m. & 7 p.m.; Fri. 11 a.m.

All Saints’ Temporary Church, Rev. Frederick Haslock, curate-in-charge; 8 & 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Thur. at 7 p.m.

St. Thomas of Canterbury Catholic, East Thurrock road, Rev. Adolf Sander, priest; mass, 8 & 10.30 a.m.; catechism & benediction, 3 p.m.; devotions, sermon & benediction, 6.30 p.m.; holidays of obligation, mass, 8 & 10 a.m.; devotions, sermon & benediction, 7 p.m.; daily mass, 8.30 a.m.; Fri. devotions & benediction, 7 a.m.; first Fri. in the month, Stations of the Cross, 7 a.m.

Baptist, Orsett road, Rev. H. J. Martin; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.

Congregational, New road, Rev. H. Davis Bnll; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Thur. 7.30 p.m.

Primitive Methodist, Rev. George E. Crickmay; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Tue. 7.30 p.m.

Strict Baptist, Grove road, ministers various; 11 a.m. & 6.15 p.m.; Mon. & Wed. 7.30 p.m.

United Methodist, New road, Rev. W. J. Penberthy; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Thur. 7.30 p.m.

Wesleyan Methodist, London road, Rev. Robert Sawden Maynard; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Wed. 7.30 p.m.

Peculiar People, Salisbury road, Mr. Joshua Hempstead, elder; 6.30 & 10.30 a.m.; 2.30 & 6.30 p.m.; Tue. & Thur. 7.30 p.m.

Salvation Army, High street, 11 a.m.; 3 & 6.30 p.m.

SCHOOLS

A School Board of 7 members was formed 21 Feb. 1882; Turner Jessop, clerk, School board offices, Quarry hill; William Spreadborongh, 81 Stanley road, attendance officer.

Upper Standard Board School, Bridge road, built in 1897—8 from designs by Mr. C. M. Shiner A.R.I.B.A, architect of London & Grays, at a cost of £10,000, for 300 boys & 300 girls; average attendance, 198 boys & 252 girls.

Board School, Quarry Hill, built in 1884, enlarged in 1885, from designs by Mr. E. C. Allam, architect, of Romford, at a cost of £10,000, & again in 1893; it will hold 320 boys, 324 girls & 500 infants; average attendance, 273 boys, 294 girls & 366 infants. A school for cookery in connection with the above schools is held daily.

Board School, Arthur street, built in 1,888, from designs by Mr. G. Waymouth, architect, of Finsbury pavement, London, at a cost of £7,000, & enlarged in 1892, at a cost of £2,600, for 340 boys, 340 girls & 360 infants; average attendance, 311 boys, 266 girls & 288 infants.

National; New road, built in 1873, for 156 boys, 141 girls & 135 infants; average attendance, 122 boys, 82 girls & 81 infants.

Palmer’s Endowed, founded by William Palmer, in the year 1707 & re-established under a scheme, 29th June, 1871: new buildings, with spacious dormitories, were erected in 1873—4, at a cost of £6,000, in an elevated & healthy situation, for 140 boys & 75 girls, the headmaster receiving a limited number of boys as boarders; in 1894 an additional building was erected at a cost of £1,000, providing a science lecture room & chemical laboratory; the school is under the control of sixteen governors; the endowment consists of certain houses in Lombard street & in Beech street, Cripplegate, realizing about £850 yearly.

Catholic, East Thurrock road (mixed & infants), for 500 children; average attendance, 89 boys & girls & 46 infants; the Sisters of La Ste. Union des Sacres Cceurs, mistresses.

The “Exmouth” Training Ship, Capt. Arthur J. Loane R.N. supt.; Walter Wellman, chief officer; Alfred Thompson, paymaster & storekeeper; Rev. Frederick Haslock, chaplain; Arthur John Partridge M.B., Ch.B. surgeon; Mrs. F. M. Catton, matron; Wm. Hollimby, schoolmaster.

The “Shaftesbury” Industrial Training Ship, William Scriven R.N. capt.; Daniel Murphy, chief officer; John Alfred Ward M.R.C.S.Eng, surgeon; James Geo, Hugill, paymaster; William T. Litton, schoolmaster; Miss Emma Wilson, infirmary matron; Robert M. Beale, captain of tender “Themis”

Kelly's Directory of Essex (1902)

Surnames Found in Grays Thurrock

RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
1Smith951.77
2Green480.90
3Wright460.86
4Davis440.82
5Brown420.78
6Carter420.78
7Taylor410.76
8Tyler400.75
9Pasterfield380.71
10King360.67
11Hills360.67
12Crooks350.65
13Bannister340.63
14Thompson330.62
15Johnson300.56
16Webb290.54
17Benson280.52
18White270.50
19Stevens270.50
20Merchant270.50
21Harrington260.49
22Turner250.47
23Winter250.47
24Beard250.47
25Staines250.47
26Wood240.45
27Harris240.45
28Martin240.45
29Bloomfield240.45
30Ashwell240.45
31Clark230.43
32Hall230.43
33Prentis230.43
34Cox220.41
35Day220.41
36Livermore220.41
37Oakley210.39
38Dines210.39
39Cooper200.37
40Blowers200.37
41Sharp190.35
42Mead190.35
43Perry180.34
44Potter180.34
45Butcher180.34
46Rice180.34
47Thurgood180.34
48Lazell180.34
49Turp180.34
50Collins170.32
51Ford170.32
52Hubbard170.32
53Sparks170.32
54Cole160.30
55Kirby160.30
56Clay160.30
57Hermitage160.30
58Baker150.28
59Harvey150.28
60Brooks150.28
61Abbott150.28
62Winn150.28
63Flack150.28
64Goodyear150.28
65Wilson140.26
66Morgan140.26
67Parker140.26
68Marshall140.26
69Bright140.26
70Eades140.26
71Pond140.26
72Coker140.26
73Rayment140.26
74Grout140.26
75Hatt140.26
76Philcox140.26
77Giggins140.26
78Tamkins140.26
79Clarke130.24
80Allen130.24
81Adams130.24
82Banks130.24
83Steel130.24
84Bullock130.24
85England130.24
86Simons130.24
87Bradd130.24
88Harrison120.22
89Young120.22
90Lee120.22
91Price120.22
92Matthews120.22
93Page120.22
94Read120.22
95Francis120.22
96Jarvis120.22
97Wall120.22
98Collier120.22
99Clements120.22
100Sims120.22