Redruth Genealogical Records

Redruth Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

St Andrew, Redruth Baptism Registers (1884-1887)

Records of baptism for people born in and around Redruth between 1884 and 1887. Details include child's name, parents' names and date of birth and/or baptism. Records may also include parent's occupations, residence, place of origin and more.

Primitive Methodist, Redruth Baptism Registers (1832-1837)

Records of baptism for Primitive Methodist, Redruth between 1832 and 1837. Details include child's name, parents' names and date of birth and/or baptism. Records may also include parent's occupations, residence, place of origin and more.

Wesleyan Methodist, Redruth Baptism Registers (1803-1837)

Records of baptism for Wesleyan Methodist, Redruth between 1803 and 1837. Details include child's name, parents' names and date of birth and/or baptism. Records may also include parent's occupations, residence, place of origin and more.

St Uny, Redruth Baptism Registers (1561-1837)

Baptism registers record the baptism of those born in and around St Uny, Redruth and were subsequently baptised in an Anglican place of worship. They are the primary source of birth details before 1837, though are useful to the present. Records can include name of child, parents' names, residence, occupations and more.

Redruth Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2008)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Redruth Marriage Records (1614-1812)

A searchable transcript of marriages solemnised at Redruth between 1614 and 1812.

St Uny, Redruth Marriage Registers (1609-1837)

The Marriage registers of St Uny, Redruth, document marriages 1609 to 1837. Details given on the bride and groom may include their age, father's name, marital status, residence and signature.

Redruth Marriage Records (1560-1716)

A printed register recording marriages solemnised at Redruth between 1560 AND 1716.

Cornwall Parish Marriages (1537-1925)

A searchable database containing over 300,000 marriages from Anglican churches in Cornwall.

Redruth Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

St Uny, Redruth Burial Registers (1813-1837)

Burial registers are the primary source for death documentation before 1837, though are relevant to the present. They record the date someone was buried, their age & residence. Details given may include the deceased's name, residence, age, names of relations, cause of death and more.

Redruth Quaker Burials (1814-1827)

Transcriptions Quaker burials in Redruth.

Redruth Burial Records (1560-1716)

A book containing a transcription of the burial registers of Redruth. Burials are the primary source for death documentation before 1837. They may record the date and or death of the deceased, their age, residence, name of a relations and more.

Cornwall Burial Transcripts (1603-1837)

Transcriptions of burials from 215 parishes in Cornwall.

Redruth Church Records

Redruth Parish Registers (1561-1887)

The parish registers of Redruth are a collection of books documenting baptisms, marriages and burials from 1561 to 1887.

Redruth Parish Registers (1560-1716)

A printed book comprised of baptism, marriage and burial transcriptions from the registers of the church at Redruth. These records document relations between people, detail where they live and may offer other details such as occupations.

Catholic History in South West England (1517-1856)

A history of Catholicism in South West England with biographies of noted Catholics. Contains details of the Dominican, Benedictine, and Franciscan orders.

Cornwall Protestation Returns (1642)

A searchable transcript of documents signed or marked by people swearing to uphold the reformed protestant religion.

Cornwall Parish Registers (1538-2010)

Browsable images of Church of England baptism, marriage and burial registers for the county of Cornwall.

Redruth Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Cornwall Hearth and Poll Taxes (1660-1664)

Transcripts of surviving returns of heath and poll taxes for the county of Cornwall.

Cornwall Protestation Returns (1642)

A searchable transcript of documents signed or marked by people swearing to uphold the reformed protestant religion.

Cornwall Hearth Tax (1664)

An index to documents recording residents liable to pay tax based on the number of hearths they possessed.

Muster Rolls of Cornwall (1569)

Extracts from records listing those liable for militia service. Details of arms have been transcribed.

Redruth Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Devon Wills Index (1163-1999)

An index to 295,609 wills of people who lived in or were connected to Devon. The wills they reference can contain a great deal of genealogical information.

Exeter Diocese & Archdeaconry Probate & Admons (1540-1799)

An index to thousands of probates and administrations granted by the Diocese and Archdeaconry of Exeter, covering parts of Devon & Cornwall.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1649-1660)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1581-1595)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Newspapers Covering Redruth

Western Morning News (1894-1950)

A politically independent newspaper, covering the affairs of Dorset, Devon, Cornwall and Somerset. It includes family notices.

Cornishman (1878-1950)

A newspaper including local news, family notices etc. from across the county of Cornwall.

Exeter and Plymouth Gazette Daily Telegrams (1869-1870)

A short regional paper covering local occurrences, business news, family notices and more.

Lake's Falmouth Packet and Cornwall Advertiser (1858-1870)

A regional newspaper including news from the Cornwall area, family announcements, business notices, advertisements, legal & governmental proceedings and more.

Western Times (1827-1950)

A liberal newspaper covering the counties of Cornwall, Devon and Dorset. It includes family notices.

Redruth Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Redruth Cemeteries

Cornwall Monumental Inscriptions (1131-2007)

An index to vital details engraved on over 300,000 gravestones and other monuments across the county of Cornwall.

Cornish Cemetery Index (1770-2000)

An index to almost 20,000 gravestones, with extracted details.

Cornwall Memorial Inscriptions (1512-Present)

An index to monuments recording deaths, such as gravestones, with some transcriptions and abstracts of memorials.

Cornwall Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Cornwall's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Redruth Directories & Gazetteers

Directory of Redruth (1866)

Directory of Redruth and its neighbourhood; being an alphabetical list of the residences, names, & trades of persons residing in the four parishes of Redruth, Illogan, Gwennap, and Stithians, with a brief history of Redruth, Carnbrea, & Gwennap Pit, and a list of the mines and their managers.

Kelly's Directory of Cornwall (1939)

An exhaustive gazetteer, containing details of settlement's history, governance, churches, postal services, public institutions and more. Also contains lists of residents with their occupation and address.

Kelly's Directory Cornwall (1914)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key historical and contemporary facts. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions. Also contains a list of residents and businesses for each place.

Kelly's Directory of Cornwall (1910)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key historical and contemporary facts. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions. Also contains a list of residents and businesses for each place.

Kelly's Directory of Cornwall (1906)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key historical and contemporary facts. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions. Also contains a list of residents and businesses for each place.

Cornwall Protestation Returns (1642)

A searchable transcript of documents signed or marked by people swearing to uphold the reformed protestant religion.

Cornwall Inmates (1821-1921)

Abstracts of documents recording people incarcerated in Cornwall. Index may include name, age, abode, occupation, crimes and numerous other details.

Cornwall Archdeaconry Court Calendar (1672-1842)

An index to defamation, divorce & alimony, marriage contract and church rate records in Cornwall Archdeaconry.

Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1663-1859)

An index to names and places mentioned in act books of the Province of Canterbury. It records various licences and conferments, such as marriage and physician licences.

Cornish Court Depositions (1602-1680)

A handful of names, with ages, occupations and abodes appearing in depositions in various courts.

Redruth Taxation Records

Cornwall Hearth and Poll Taxes (1660-1664)

Transcripts of surviving returns of heath and poll taxes for the county of Cornwall.

Cornwall Hearth Tax (1664)

An index to documents recording residents liable to pay tax based on the number of hearths they possessed.

Cornwall Land Records (1799-1873)

An index to land tax records and the 1873 landowners return from Cornwall.

Tithe Apportionments (1836-1856)

An index to 11,000,000 parcels of land and property, connected to digital images of registers that record their owner, occupier, description, agricultural use, size and rateable value.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Redruth Land & Property Records

Cornwall Land Records (1799-1873)

An index to land tax records and the 1873 landowners return from Cornwall.

Cornwall Voters Lists (1657-1867)

Extracts from lists recording those eligible to vote. Index contains place of residence and entitlement to vote.

Tithe Apportionments (1836-1856)

An index to 11,000,000 parcels of land and property, connected to digital images of registers that record their owner, occupier, description, agricultural use, size and rateable value.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Redruth Occupation & Business Records

Women in Cornwall & Devon Mines (1770-1920)

Background information on women employed by the mining industry in Devon & Cornwall. Includes a database of over 25,000 women and oral histories.

Cornwall Apprentice Indentures (1715-1845)

An index of documents recording the apprenticeship of children to a master. Original records usually contain ages and names of relatives.

Smuggling on the South West Coast (1675-1879)

An introduction to smuggling in Devon, Cornwall & the Bristol district.

Cornwall Pub Histories (1820-Present)

Histories of Cornwall pubs, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

South England Mines Index (1896)

Profiles of coal and metal mines in the south of England.

Redruth School & Education Records

Cornwall School Admissions (1874-1927)

A database of children admitted to Cornwall schools. The index contains the name(s) of parents and guardians. Original records will contain further details.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

National School Admission & Log Books (1870-1914)

A name index connected to digital images of registers recording millions of children educated in schools operated by the National Society for Promoting Religious Education. Records contain a variety of information including genealogical details, education history, illnesses, exam result, fathers occupation and more.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Redruth

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Ancestry Member Family Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A compilation of lineage-linked family trees submitted by Ancestry users. The database contains over 2 billion individuals and is searchable by numerous metrics.

Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage (1921)

A dictionary of families elevated to the peerage of Great Britain & Ireland. It includes genealogies and biographical details.

Redruth Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

The Visitations of Cornwall: 1530, 1573 & 1619 (1000-1619)

Three books recording the lineage, marriage and collateral lines of Cornish families. Compiled form 16th and 17th century genealogical manuscripts, these works contain biographical and heraldic information.

Cornwall Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Cornwall's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Redruth Military Records

Muster Rolls of Cornwall (1569)

Extracts from records listing those liable for militia service. Details of arms have been transcribed.

Conrwall WWI Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War One monuments in Cornwall, with some service details.

Conrwall WWII Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War Two monuments in Cornwall, with some service details.

Prisoners of War of British Army (1939-1945)

A searchable list of over 100,000 British Army POWs. Records contains details on the captured, their military career and where they were held prisoner.

British Prisoners of World War II (1939-1945)

Details on around 165,000 men serving in the British Army, Navy and Air Force who were held as prisoners during WWII.

Redruth Immigration & Travel Records

Cornish Emigrants to Latin America (1790-1920)

A database containing genealogical, biographical and immigratory data for Cornish men who emigrated to Latin America.

Cornish Emigrants (1785-1941)

Extracts from passenger lists, detailing the emigration and transportation of people from Cornwall, primarily to the New World and British colonies.

Cornish in Latin America (1815-1920)

Historical details of the Cornish migration to Latin America.

Cornwall Strays (1770-2000)

An index of Cornish men an women who died out of county.

Cornwall Settlements & Removals (1698-1862)

Abstracts of documents recording the forced movement of people and families between parishes.

Redruth Histories & Books

Catholic History in South West England (1517-1856)

A history of Catholicism in South West England with biographies of noted Catholics. Contains details of the Dominican, Benedictine, and Franciscan orders.

Magna Britannia: Cornwall (1066-1814)

A general and parochial history of the county, with sections for each parish.

Cornwall Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in Cornwall.

Cornwall Turnpikes (1754-Present)

A history of turnpikes and tollhouses in Cornwall. Includes profiles of individual turnpikes.

Cornwall Church Histories (930-Present)

Histories of parish churches in Cornwall. Includes some photographs.

Biographical Directories Covering Redruth

Latin-Cornish Biographies (1771-1830)

Biographies of Cornish men who emigrated to Latin America.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

The Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1654-1930)

A directory containing lengthy biographies of noted British figures. The work took over two decades to compile. Biographies can be searched by name and are linked to images of the original publication.

Redruth Maps

Maps of Cornwall (1576-1900)

A collection of digitalised maps covering the county.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

Tithe Apportionments (1836-1856)

An index to 11,000,000 parcels of land and property, connected to digital images of registers that record their owner, occupier, description, agricultural use, size and rateable value.

Parish Maps of Britain (1832)

Maps of parishes in England, Scotland and Wales. They are useful in determining which parish records may be relevant to your research.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Redruth Reference Works

Cornish Surnames (1998)

Short descriptions of Cornish surnames, with details of their prevalence.

England Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in England.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

Redruth Information

Civil & Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction:

Historical Description

The town of Redruth consists of one principal street, of considerable length, situated on an eminence, in the midst of the mining district, surrounded by a bleak and unsheltered country. It is supposed to be the most ancient inhabited spot in the kingdom, and was originally called Dedruith: the discovery, however, of the copper mines has been the source of the late prosperity and increase of the population of the town more than sixfold during the last century. The number of inhabitants is 5903, and the houses 844.

The church is a handsome modern building, about a mile from the town, almost at the foot of Carnbreb, consisting of a nave only; the ceiling is flat, supported by pillars.

The Gwennap mines are considered as the most valuable in this neighbourhood. These are situated ou the east side of Redruth, in a part of the county where the tin and copper lodes are particularly rich.

The road from Redruth to St. Agnes is over the most dreary country imaginable, a distance of about six miles.

Carnbreh, supposed by Dr. Borlase to have been the "grand centre of druidical worship in this county," where are to be found "bold, stupendous, and multifarious druid monuments of every species; rock basons, circles, stones erect, remains of cromlechs, karns, a grove of oaks, a cave, a religious inclosure, and a gorsed-dau, or place of elevation, whence the Druids pronounced their decrees.

At the eastern end of Carnbreh Hill are the remains of a castle, apparently erected on a ledge of vast rocks, connected by arches turned over the spaces between them. What remains of this ancient fortress appears to have been the work of different ages : one part of it being most probably British, the other of comparatively modern construction.

The views from Carnbreh Castle are very extensive and interesting, comprehending a great portion of the mining country and the Irish Sea.

Topography of Great Britain, written: 1802-29 by George Alexander Cooke

REDRUTH is a market and union town and parish, anciently called Dredruith, or Druid’s town, with a station on the West Cornwall section of the Great Western railway, 9 miles west-south-west from Truro, 10 north-west from Falmouth, 10 north from Helston, 18 north-east from Penzance and 311 ½ from London, and is head of a county court district, in the North Western division of the county, hundred of Penwith, petty sessional division of Penwith East, rural deanery of Carnmarth, archdeaconry of Cornwall and diocese of Truro.

The town is not incorporated, but under the provisions of the “Local Government Act, 1894” (56 and 57 Viet, c. 73), is governed by an Urban District Council of 15 members, formed 1895, replacing the Local Board, established 1853. It is lighted with gas from works at Treruffe, belonging to the Redruth Gas Co. The drainage of the town was carried out in 1885, when land was purchased, on which the sewage is collected and deodorized and afterwards discharged on to a farm. A scheme of water supply has been carried out by Mr. H. B. Nichols C.E. at a cost of about £10,000; the water is conveyed from Gordon and Penstruthal storage reservoir at Sandy lane, about half a mile from the town, holding between 4 and 5 million gallons, and from this it is supplied to the town by gravitation.

The parish church of St. Uny, erected in 1768, and standing about half a mile from the town, is chiefly a modern building of stone with portions in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles and an embattled western tower with pinnacles of Henry VII.'s reign, containing 6 bells: the east window is a memorial to the Rev. J. W. Hawkesley M.A. for more than 40 years rector here: the west window is to George Harris and Jane, his wife, and was erected in 1879: the organ was placed in 1882, and in 1878 the interior of the church was renovated throughout at a cost of £1,000, the west gallery removed, the church refloored and reseated, the east end raised to form a chancel, the tower arch opened, the bells rehung and a heating apparatus erected at a cost of £100; a new pulpit, reading desk and lectern were also provided: the church plate is interesting, and consists of a chalice and paten of uncertain date, two flagons (one of which weighs 80 ounces), the gifts of Thomas Haweis and Anthony Cocke esqrs. and a large paten presented by the Rev. Arthur Spry, a former rector: there are 450 sittings. In 1881 an addition was made to the churchyard of 1 acre of land, given from the glebe by the late rector, and consecrated in April, 1881: a further and similar addition was made and consecrated in 1894. The register of baptisms dates from the year 1560; marriages, 1652; burials, 1562. The first volume, which contains many interesting entries, was published in 1894, under the editorship of Thurstan C. Peter esq. of Redruth. The living is a rectory, net yearly value £636, including 87 acres of glebe, in the gift of the representatives of the late Gustavus Lambert Basset esq. and held since 1877 by the Rev. James William Lane M.A. of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, who is non-resident; the Rev. Richard Dickson Purves M.A. of Emmanuel College, Cambridge is curate in charge.

The chapel of ease, in Chapel street, was erected in 1828 at a cost of £2,367, chiefly defrayed by the Basset family; it consists of chancel, nave and organ chamber, with south and west galleries: in 1868 a new organ was introduced; and in 1882 the chapel was restored throughout, a chancel constructed and the organ renovated, the whole expense, amounting to £200, being defrayed by subscription: there are 600 sittings.

The Mission Room at the East end, built in 1880 at a cost of £100, has been removed to the precincts of St. Andrew’s church and re-erected as an Institute for men.

The church of St. Andrew, in Clinton road, consecrated on St. Andrew’s day, 1884, is a buliding in the Gothic style, with dressings of granite and Elvan stone, erected in 1883 at a cost of £5,500; £500 each being given by the late G. L. Basset esq. of Tehidy (patron of the living), the Rev. J. W. Lane M.A. and F. W. Mitehell esq. ; the site, valued at £500, was presented by Lord Clinton. The church consists of nave, vestry and a basement used as a school room.

The Meeting House of the Society of Friends, in Church lane, built in 1833, will seat 250 persons, and has a graveyard attached.

The Baptist chapel, in Penryn street, was built in 1877 at a cost of £1,500, and will seat 500 persons.

The Primitive Methodist chapel, in Plain-an-gwarry, built in 1884, at a cost of £3,000, is an edifice in a Classic style, and will seat 800 persons.

The Wesleyan chapel, in Fore street, was erected in 1826 at a cost of £5,000, and has sittings for 1,600 persons.

The Bible Christian chapel, in Treruffe hill, erected in 1864 at a cost of £900, will seat 700 persons.

The Free Methodist chapel, in Fore street, is a spacious building in the Lombardo-Venetian style, erected in 1864—5.

A Cemetery of four acres, on the St. Day road, was formed in 1878 at a cost of £1,500, and has one mortuary chapel; it is maintained by a rate on the parish, and is under the control of a Burial Board of nine members.

The Town Hall, Penryn street, erected in 1850 by Robert Blee, is a building of granite in a Classic style, and consists of court room, judge’s room, high bailiff’s and registrar's clerks’ offices, receiving, paying and waiting rooms and the offices of the Registrar of the County Court, the sittings of which are held here.

The Masonic Hall, in Green lane, erected in 1876, is a building of stone in the Gothic style, and will hold 150 persons: it is also let to various other societies for meetings as well as for public entertainments.

The Radical Hall, in Green lane, is a building of stone, erected in 1886 at a cost of £500.

The Mining Exchange, in Alma, place, is an edifice of stone in the Gothic style, built by the Redruth Mining Exchange Co. Limited, in 1880, at a cost of £500.

The Market House was built by the late Lord de Dunstanville and Basset, for the sale of corn, meat, butter, poultry and eggs: a flight of steps leads from it into the cattle market, which holds 500 head of cattle, and is commonly called the Fair Meadow. The butcher’s market was rebuilt, enlarged and improved in 1878 by the late Gustavus Lambart Basset esq. at a cost of £2,500.

The New Hall and Public Rooms in Penryn street, called also the “Druid’s Hall,” is a building in the Elizabethan style, erected by a limited company in 1860: it contains the library of the Redruth Literary and Scientific Institution, with a billiard room and news rooms; on the second floor is a spacious hall used for concerts and lectures.

The Redruth Public Free Library, in Clinton road, is a building of granite, and was erected in 1895 at a cost of £2,000, given by J. Passmore Edwards esq. of London and a native of Blackwater: it contains two reading rooms and a library of 2,300 volumes, including 200 volumes in special type for the blind and a small collection of Cornish books.

The Science and Art School, in Clinton road, is a building of stone, erected in 1883, at a cost of £1,500 raised by subscription and a grant from the Science and Art Department, South Kensington. A museum was added in 1889 as a memorial to the late Professor Robert Hunt, a native of Cornwall.

In Fore street is a clock tower of granite, with illuminated dials, built in 1828.

William Murdock, the inventor of the application of gas to lighting purposes, lived in Cross street, at the back of Druid’s Hall in this town; the first house in England that was lit with gas may still be seen, and bears a memorial stone with this inscription:-“Wm. Muirdock lived in this house 1782—98. Made the first locomotive here, and tested it in 1784. Invented gas lighting, and used it in this house in 1792.”

The Police Station at West End consists of a court room, two cells, and houses for one sergeant and four constables.

A newspaper, the “Cornubian and Redruth Times,” is published here on Fridays by T. N. Jenkin, Tolgus hill.

The West Cornwall Miners’ Hospital, West End, is a building of stone with granite dressings in the Gothic style, and has accident and convalescent wards, the former established in 1871 and the latter in 1863; there are 32 beds for patients, besides bedroom for nurses, convalescent rooms &c.: the site was given and the hospital built by the late Thomas Charles, 2nd Lord Robartes, and the institution is chiefly supported by the present peer, but patients sent by subscribers are partially paid for. Here is also a Women’s Hospital.

Redruth is the mining capital of Cornwall, the Mining Exchange being held here, and public sales-by-auction of tin, known as “tin-ticketings,” are held at Tabb’s hotel; at these auctions about 200 tons of tin are competed for, and purchased fortnightly by the smelting firms of Cornwall, of whom there are six: some of the mines, and amongst these “Dolcoath,” which is the largest tin mine in the world, sell their tin partly by private contract. The bulk of the population in Redruth and the adjoining districts of Illogan, Cam Brea and Camborne are employed in tin mining and at the numerous tin streaming works: it is estimated that about 5,000 to 6,000 persons, including women and children, are so engaged. The tin streams, which run into what is known as the “Red River,” carrying from Dolcoath and other large mines sufficient refuse tin to make their working profitable, are also a source of employment to about 1,200 persons, mostly women and children. The earnings of the tin miners are low in proportion to the other mining industries of the country, the average wage of a working miner not exceeding £4 per month, which is, since the passing of the Stannaries Act of 1887, paid fortnightly instead of, as before, monthly; but the pay of the women, boys and girls employed on the dressing floors and tin streams does not exceed on an average 6s. per week. In addition to the tin mining there are five or six factories in Redruth and neighbourhood for the manufacture of safety fuses, the British and Foreign Safety Fuse Co. established in 1848 and Mr. E. Tangye’a works being in the town; with the exception of two factories in North and South Wales this industry is entirely confined to Cornwall, and employs about 450 people. The town also contains the extensive brewing establishment of the Redruth Brewery Co. Limited; the iron foundries of Messrs. Sara Brothers and Messrs. W. Sara and Sons; and the Redruth Foundry Co. Limited; there are besides two factories belonging to Smith’s Boot Manufacturing Co. Limited and Messrs. Beer and Son and the establishment of the West of England Bacon Curing Co. Limited.

The market days are Tuesday and Friday. Fairs are held in the town on Easter Tuesday, May 2nd, August 3rd and October 12th yearly, and a holiday fair on Whit Monday.

The H Company 1st Volunteer Battalion (Duke of Cornwall’s) Light Infantry has an armoury in East End; the force consists of a commanding officer, 1 surgeon-captain, 2 lieutenants, 1 drill instructor, 5 sergeants, 5 corporals and 86 rank and file.

In the King’s Head tavern, in 1655, George Fox, the founder of the Society of Friends, was imprisoned, and from the balcony of Bank House John Wesley preached, towards the end of the 18th century. Both these houses belong to the family of Harris, who have held property and resided in Redruth for a long period.

About a mile south-west of Redruth and within the boundaries of Illogan parish stands Carn Brea, a granite hill of great picturesque beauty, and containing many remains of supposed Druidical circles. Dr. Borlase, the well-known antiquary, considered this hill to have been one of the principal resorts of the Druids for the celebration of their mysterious rites, and in his “Antiquities of Cornwall” gives a very interesting account of the remains still traceable in his time: many of these have disappeared, but enough still remains to invite the visits of the antiquary. A magnificent view is obtained from the summit of the hill, extending from St. Michael’s Mount in the west to Devonshire in the east, and to the north and south as far as St. George’s and the British Channels. From Carnmarth, a still higher hill than Carn Brea and within Gwennap parish, Falmouth castle and harbour are very distinctly seen.

The principal landowners are Gen. The Rt. Hon. Sir Redvers Henry Buller P.C., G.C.B., K.C.M.G., V.C., Lord Clinton, Rev. St. Aubyn Hender Molesworth-St. Aubyn M.A. of Clowance, Crowan, Lord Robartes, Arthur Francis Basset esq. the representatives of Mrs. Hartley, the representatives of George Aunger Michell esq. Thomas Pryor esq. and David Wise Bain esq. of Portreath. The rateable value is £29,187; the acreage is 4,006; the population of the parish in 1891 was 10,324.

REDRUTH UNION

Board day, alternate Fridays at 11.15 a.m. at the Workhouse, Illogan. The union comprises the following parishes:-Camborne, Gwennap, Gwinear, Gwithian, Illogan, Phillack East, Phillack West, Redruth & Stithians. The population of the union in 1891 was 49,213; area, 40,426 acres; rateable value, 1896, £129,494.

PLACES OF WORSHIP, with times of service.

St. Uny (Parish Church), Rev. James William Lane M.A. rector; Rev. Richard Dickson Purves M.A. curate in charge; Revs. Alexander Allen Clement Neale Vawdrey M.A. & William Alfred Norton B.A. curates; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; daily 8 a.m.

Chapel of Ease, Chapel street; clergy same as St. Uny parish church; 6.30 p.m.

St. Andrew’s, clergy same as St. Uny parish church; 8 & 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Wed. 7 p.m.

Society of Friends, Church lane; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.

Baptist, Penryn street, Rev. Frederick W. Reynolds; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Wed. & Sat. 7.30 p.m.

Bible Christian, Treruffe hill, Rev. Samuel Adlin; 10.45 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Tues. 7 p.m.

Primitive Methodist, Plain-an-Gwarry, Rev. Joseph Reavley; 10.45 a.m. & 6 p.m. ; Tues. 7 p.m.

United Methodist Free Church, Fore street, Rev. John F. Lawis & Rev. W. J. Christophers; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Thur. 7 p.m.

Wesleyan, Fore street, Rev. Francis Hewitt, Rev. Joseph Newton & Rev. Albert Richard Edgerley; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; Wed. 7 p.m.

SCHOOLS

School of Science & Art, Clinton road, John Jacob Beringer A.R.S.M. principal; Thomas Collins, vice-principal ; A. K. Wilton, sec.

A School Board was formed 23 December, 1872, & consists of 7 members; Charles Bawden, Clinton road, clerk to the board; Henry Toy, Green lane, school attendance officer.

Board, Trewirgie (boys, girls & infants), erected in 1885, & enlarged in 1895, for 400 boys, 225 girls & 225 infants ; average attendance, 403 boys, 205 girls & 148 infants.

Board, East end (girls), erected in 1875, for 250 girls; average attendance, 132.

Board, East end (infants), erected in 1862 by Lord Robartes, & used as a British school till 1873; it will bold 200 children; average attendance, 142.

Kelly's Directory of Cornwall (1902)

Surnames Found in Redruth

RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
1Thomas2462.63
2Williams2252.40
3Johns1601.71
4Harris1351.44
5Richards1121.20
6Pearce1081.15
7Martin1051.12
8Stephens930.99
9Trevena910.97
10Goldsworthy900.96
11Nicholls870.93
12Davey830.89
13Jenkin790.84
14Bray760.81
15Hicks760.81
16Michell740.79
17James740.79
18Phillips680.73
19Reynolds680.73
20Gray670.72
21Hocking660.71
22George640.68
23Mitchell630.67
24Bawden630.67
25Launder550.59
26Hosking510.54
27Smith510.54
28Terrill490.52
29Francis480.51
30Uren480.51
31Pascoe480.51
32Rowe460.49
33Jackson430.46
34Opie420.45
35Annear400.43
36Rogers400.43
37Moore400.43
38Hill400.43
39Wills390.42
40Polkinghorne390.42
41Teague360.38
42Knight360.38
43Harry360.38
44Jones360.38
45Hodge360.38
46Dunstan350.37
47Paull340.36
48Stevens340.36
49Moyle330.35
50Vincent330.35
51Bennett330.35
52Allen330.35
53Tonkin330.35
54Trestrail330.35
55Odgers330.35
56Cock330.35
57Penrose320.34
58Wales310.33
59Harvey310.33
60Brown310.33
61Trenberth300.32
62Rowett300.32
63Pryor290.31
64Pengelly290.31
65Nettle290.31
66Treloar290.31
67Gill280.30
68Trethowan280.30
69Nicholl280.30
70Dawe280.30
71Nancarrow280.30
72Laity280.30
73Hugo270.29
74Middleton270.29
75Hooper270.29
76Gribble260.28
77Roberts260.28
78White260.28
79Treglown250.27
80Morrish240.26
81Donnithorne240.26
82Simmons240.26
83Sleeman240.26
84Taylor240.26
85Spargo230.25
86Whitford230.25
87Honeychurch230.25
88Evans230.25
89Edwards230.25
90Cocking220.24
91Lawry220.24
92Scoble220.24
93Jeffery220.24
94Heyden220.24
95Northey210.22
96Bodilly210.22
97Willoughby210.22
98Bishop210.22
99Adams210.22
100Tippet210.22