Soham Genealogical Records

Soham Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Cambridgeshire Baptism Transcripts (1538-1950)

Transcripts of baptisms from over 75 Cambridgeshire parishes.

Cambridgeshire Wesleyan Birth Registers (1812-1837)

Transcriptions of births registered at the Cambridgeshire Wesleyan Registry.

Births at the British Lying-in Hospital (1750-1867)

Details of births and baptisms of poor, married women from Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire recorded at the British Lying-in Hospital in Holborn.

Cambridgeshire Baptism Index (1801-1837)

A searchable index to baptisms throughout Cambridgeshire.

Soham Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2005)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Sudbury Archdeaconry Marriage Licences (1815-1839)

Abstracts of marriage licences from the Sudbury Archdeaconry. These records may contain more details than marriage registers, including occupations, ages and parents' names.

Sudbury Archdeaconry Marriage Licences (1782-1814)

Abstracts of marriage licences from the Sudbury Archdeaconry. These records may contain more details than marriage registers, including occupations, ages and parents' names.

Sudbury Archdeaconry Marriage Licences (1755-1781)

Abstracts of marriage licences from the Sudbury Archdeaconry. These records may contain more details than marriage registers, including occupations, ages and parents' names.

Sudbury Archdeaconry Marriage Licences (1684-1754)

Abstracts of marriage licences from the Sudbury Archdeaconry. These records may contain more details than marriage registers, including occupations, ages and parents' names.

Soham Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

St Andrew, Soham Burial Records (1801-1837)

Burial records covering those buried at St Andrew, Soham_. This resource is an index and may not include all the details that were recorded in the burial registers from which they were extracted.

Independent Chapel, Soham Burial Records (1830-1834)

An index to burials recorded in the registers of an Independent church. The index contains the name of the deceased, the date of their burial and their age where available.

Cambridgeshire Burial Index (1801-1837)

A searchable index to burial throughout Cambridgeshire.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Soham Church Records

Cambridgeshire Churches (1000-2009)

Profiles on Cambridgeshire's parish churches. Includes photographs.

Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1663-1859)

An index to names and places mentioned in act books of the Province of Canterbury. It records various licences and conferments, such as marriage and physician licences.

Cambridgeshire Baptist Churches (1801-1990)

A list of Baptist churches in the county at various time periods. Years of foundation and minister may be given.

British Church Albums (1990-Present)

Photographs of churches of all denominations throughout England and part of Wales.

England Parish Registers (1914-2013)

Documentation for those baptised, married and buried at England. Parish registers can assist tracing a family back numerous generations.

Soham Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Cambridgeshire Hearth Tax Returns (1664)

A transcription of records naming those who had taxes levied against them for the privilege of owning a hearth.

1901 British Census (1901)

The 1901 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1891 British Census (1891)

The 1891 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1881 British Census (1881)

The 1881 census provides details on an individual's age, residence and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows for searches on multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

Soham Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Sudbury Archdeaconry Will Transcripts (1630-1638)

Full transcriptions of around 1,400 17th century wills from the Archdeaconry of Sudbury in Suffolk. Contains an index of all the people and places mentioned in the wills.

Sudbury Archdeaconry Will Transcripts (1439-1474)

Full transcriptions of several hundred early wills from the Archdeaconry of Sudbury in Suffolk.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1649-1660)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1581-1595)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Newspapers Covering Soham

Cambridge Independent Press (1839-1913)

Original images of a local newspaper, searchable via a full text index. Includes news from the Cambridge area, business notices, obituaries, family announcements and more.

Cambridge Chronicle and Journal (1813-1871)

A local newspaper including news from the Cambridge area, family announcements, business notices, advertisements, legal & governmental proceedings and more.

Soham News Articles (1787-1899)

Extracts from the Cambridge Chronicle relating to Soham.

Huntingdon, Bedford & Peterborough Gazette (1818-1839)

A newspaper covering local news, family announcements etc. in the counties of Huntingdon, Bedford & Cambridgeshire.

Herts Guardian (1852-1867)

A regional newspaper primarily covering Hertfordshire, but also Essex, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire and Middlesex. Its coverage was biased towards agricultural issues and affairs. It contained announcements of births, marriages and deaths.

Soham Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Soham Cemeteries

Cambridgeshire Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Cambridgeshire's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Maritime Memorials (1588-1950)

Several thousand transcribe memorials of those connected with the nautical occupations.

Rail & Canal Photographs Catalog (1880-1970)

A searchable database of photographs relating to railways and canals in Britain.

Soham Directories & Gazetteers

Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire (1916)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire (1904)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key historical and contemporary facts. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions. Also contains a list of residents and businesses for each place.

Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire (1896)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire (1892)

An exhaustive gazetteer, containing details of settlement's history, governance, churches, postal services, public institutions and more. Also contains lists of residents with their occupation and address.

Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire (1888)

An exhaustive gazetteer, containing details of settlement's history, governance, churches, postal services, public institutions and more. Also contains lists of residents with their occupation and address.

Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1663-1859)

An index to names and places mentioned in act books of the Province of Canterbury. It records various licences and conferments, such as marriage and physician licences.

Home Office Prison Calendars (1868-1929)

Records of over 300,000 prisoners held by quarter sessions in England & Wales. Records may contain age, occupation, criminal history, offence and trial proceedings.

Central Criminal Court After-trial Calendars (1855-1931)

Over 175,000 records detailing prisoner's alleged offences and the outcome of their trial. Contains genealogical information.

Prison Hulk Registers (1802-1849)

From the late 18th century many prisoners in Britain were kept on decommissioned ships known as hulks. This collection contains nearly 50 years of registers for various ships. Details given include: prisoner's name, date received, age, year of birth and conviction details.

England & Wales Criminal Registers (1791-1892)

This collection lists brief details on 1.55 million criminal cases in England and Wales between 1791 and 1892. Its primary use is to locate specific legal records, which may give further details on the crime and the accused. Details may include the accused's age, nature of crime, location of trial and sentence. Early records can contain a place of birth.

Soham Taxation Records

Cambridgeshire Hearth Tax Returns (1664)

A transcription of records naming those who had taxes levied against them for the privilege of owning a hearth.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures (1710-1811)

An index linked to original images of registers recording apprenticeship indentures. Details are given on the trade and nature of apprenticeship. Many records list the parents of the apprentice.

Red Book of the Exchequer (1066-1230)

A compilation of records from the Court of the Exchequer primarily dealing with taxes and land. These records are in Latin.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Soham Land & Property Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1291)

Abstracts of records detailing the estates and families of deceased tenants from the reigns of Henry III and Edward I.

Red Book of the Exchequer (1066-1230)

A compilation of records from the Court of the Exchequer primarily dealing with taxes and land. These records are in Latin.

Return of Owners of Land England (1873)

A list of landowners in England giving their primary residence, extent of their land and estimated yearly rental.

Soham Occupation & Business Records

Soham History (1500-1953)

A collection of articles detailing the history of the parish. Among them are profiles on local businesses.

Coprolite Industry in Cambridgeshire (1850-1900)

A history of the excavation of fossilized feces for agricultural use in Cambridgeshire.

Cambridgeshire Pub Histories (1820-Present)

Histories of Cambridgeshire pubs, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

Lost Pubs of Cambridgeshire (1750-Present)

Short histories of former public houses, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Soham School & Education Records

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge Alumni Database (1198-1910)

A searchable database containing over 90,000 note-form biographies for students of Cambridge University.

Dissenting Academy Database (1660-1860)

Histories of schools operated by non-conformist clergy.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Soham

Victoria County History: Cambridgeshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

FamilySearch Community Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A searchable database of linked genealogies compiled from thousands of reputable and not-so-reputable sources. Contains many details on European gentry & nobility, but covers many countries outside Europe and people from all walks of life.

Visitation of England and Wales (1700-1899)

Over 600 pedigrees for English and Welsh families who had a right to bear a coat of arms.

Ancestry Member Family Trees (6000 BC-Present)

A compilation of lineage-linked family trees submitted by Ancestry users. The database contains over 2 billion individuals and is searchable by numerous metrics.

Soham Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

Victoria County History: Cambridgeshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

The Visitations of Cambridge: 1575 & 1619 (1000-1619)

Two works detailing Cambridgeshire families as recorded in 16th and 17th century genealogical manuscripts. Contains biographic details and renderings of coats of arms.

Cambridgeshire Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Cambridgeshire's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Cambridgeshire Baronial Halls (1400-1830)

An index, with brief details of the county's baronial residences.

British & Irish Royal & Noble Genealogies (491-1603)

Extensive and impeccably sourced genealogies for British, Irish & Manx royalty and nobility. Scroll down to 'British Isles' for relevant sections.

Soham Military Records

The Great War in Cambridgeshire (1914-1918)

A website containing photographs, documents and memories detailing the history and affect of WWI on Cambridgeshire.

Cambridgeshire WWI Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War One monuments in Cambridgeshire, with some service details.

Cambridgeshire WWII Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War Two monuments in Cambridgeshire, with some service details.

Prisoners of War of British Army (1939-1945)

A searchable list of over 100,000 British Army POWs. Records contains details on the captured, their military career and where they were held prisoner.

British Prisoners of World War II (1939-1945)

Details on around 165,000 men serving in the British Army, Navy and Air Force who were held as prisoners during WWII.

Soham Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

Alien Arrivals in England (1810-1869)

Details on over 600,000 non-British citizens arriving in England. Often includes age and professions. Useful for discerning the origin of immigrants.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Soham Histories & Books

Soham History (1600-Present)

A collection of documents, photographs and memories chronicling the history of Soham.

Soham History (1500-1953)

A collection of articles detailing the history of the parish. Among them are profiles on local businesses.

The Great War in Cambridgeshire (1914-1918)

A website containing photographs, documents and memories detailing the history and affect of WWI on Cambridgeshire.

Victoria County History: Cambridgeshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

Cambridgeshire Churches (1000-2009)

Profiles on Cambridgeshire's parish churches. Includes photographs.

Biographical Directories Covering Soham

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Crockford's Clerical Directories (1868-1914)

Brief biographies of Anglican clergy in the UK.

The Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1654-1930)

A directory containing lengthy biographies of noted British figures. The work took over two decades to compile. Biographies can be searched by name and are linked to images of the original publication.

Church of England Clergy Database (1500-1835)

A database of CoE clergy, giving details of their education of service. Contains references to source documents. Also contains profiles of various church institutions.

Soham Maps

Maps of Cambridgeshire (1575-1922)

A collection of digitalised maps covering the county.

Ordnance Survey 1:10 Maps (1840-1890)

Maps showing settlements, features and some buildings in mainland Britain.

A Vision of Britain (1190-Present)

A sprawling website setting out and describing the historical divisions of Britain. Also contains countless maps of various sorts. Covers the UK, Ireland, Isle of Man & has fleeting details of other localities.

Speed's Maps of Britain (1612)

County and national maps covering the British Isles, extracted from John Speed's landmark work, Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain.

Maps of England (1360-1922)

Digital images of maps covering the country.

Soham Reference Works

England Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in England.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

British Family Mottoes (1189-Present)

A dictionary of around 9,000 mottoes for British families who had right to bear arms.

Soham Information

Ecclesiastical Juristiction:

  • Canterbury province
    • Ely diocese
      • Sudbury archdeaconry
        • Fordham deanery

    Historical Description

    Soham, or Monk’s Soham, is a large irregular town, situated on the borders of the fens, and had formerly a dangerous mere or lake, of nearly 1400 acres. This, however, has been some years past drained and cultivated.

    In the year 630 St. Felix, the first bishop of East Anglia, founded a monastery, and placed the episcopal see here. In 870 the monastery was destroyed, and the monks slaughtered, by the Danes. The great church, built by Luttingus, a Saxon nobleman, was burnt at the same time; some vestiges of its ruins are still remaining. The present church is a spacious edifice, in the form of a cross, with a tower at the west end. In the church-yard is the following epitaph, on the head stone of a grave.

    "AnnoDomo. 1641,

    Ætatis suae 125.

    Here lies Doctor Ward

    You knew well before

    He was kind to his neighbour,

    Good to the poor."

    Topography of Great Britain, written: 1802-29 by George Alexander Cooke

    SOHAM is a town and parish and the head of a county court district, with a station on the Ely and Newmarket branch of the Great Eastern railway, 75 ½ miles from London, 19 north-east from Cambridge, 8 north-west from Newmarket and 6 south-east from Ely, in the Eastern division of the county, in Newmarket union and petty sessional division, hundred of Staploe, rural deanery of Fordham, archdeaconry of Sudbury and diocese of Ely. The town, which is long and straggling, is lighted with gas, from works at Mere side, the property of the Soham and District Gas Company Limited.

    “The Lode,” a navigable canal, passes through the parish and joins the Ouse at Ely.

    The church of St. Andrew, erected towards the end of the 12th century, is a cruciform edifice, chiefly in the Transition-Norman style, with portions and insertions of later date, and consists of chancel, with two chapels on the north side, now used as vestries, clerestoried nave of four bays, aisles, transepts, north and south porches and an embattled western tower 100 feet in height, with pinnacles, and containing a clock and 10 bells: the chancel as lighted by Decorated windows inserted about the middle of the 14th century: the stained east window is a memorial to the Rev. Henry Tasker, vicar (1832—74), who died 17 Jan. 1874; on each side of the window is a small niche, with traces of painting: the north wall has a painting of a bishop in the act of benediction, uncovered in 1849, and it would seem that the whole chancel was at one time ornamented in this way: the chancel roof, and the woodwork at the east end, are both of panelled oak; the stalls, 20 in number, are of the same material and with the exception of six on the north side, added in 1880, were fixed in 1849, when the rood screen, a fine example of modern work, was also erected: on the south side are ancient stone sedilia and a piscina, and there are finely carved altar rails of oak: in the chancel is buried the Rev. D. Harwood, a former vicar, d. 1746, and Mrs. Elizabeth Cawthorne, his sister, d. 1782: the easternmost of the two chapels, built in the 14th century, retains a stone altar at the east end, an aumbry and an irregular oblong tombstone, with incised lettering, as well as some old glass: here also is interred Dr. Cressener, vicar 1678-1717: the other chapel is of Late Perpendicular date and has on its east wall a monument to Edward Bernes esq. and Dorothie (Drurye), his wife; she died is Feb. 1598; the chapel is inclosed at the west end by a very perfect and elaborately wrought parclose screen, restored in 1880: each of the transepts has octagonal pinnacles at the angles, and in the south transept is an Early English piscina and a nearly illegible inscription and shields of arms to some member of the Dowman family, and on the east wall a brass with inscription to John Thornton gent, and Ann (Drurie), his wife; he died Sept. 13, 1598: the north transept contains an altar tomb of the 15th century, and a large marble slab, inscribed, but undated, to Thomas Dockwra and his wife: the south aisle retains an aumbry: on the south side of the nave is a small brass to Oliver Robins, ob. 12 Aug. 1608, and Katherine (Salisbury) his wife, and at the west end are ten ancient stalls, with misereres, formerly in the chancel: the north porch is Perpendicular and has a stoup; the south porch, of the 14th century, has a large sundial over the entrance with the motto:-“Ab hoc momento pendent aeterna:” the tower, 25 feet square, is also Perpendicular: the royal arms, placed at the west end of the north aisle, date from the reign of Queen Anne: the church was completely restored in 1879—80, under the direction of Mr. J. P. St. Aubyn, at a cost of nearly £3,000, and was reopened May 18th, 1880, the whole of the galleries being removed, new roofs placed on the transepts and chapels, and the flooring repaired: parts of the pinnacles were blown down by the gale of March 24, 1895, but have been restored under the direction of Mr. T. D. Atkinson, architect, of Cambridge. The church now affords 630 sittings: in the churchyard, near the north porch, is the grave of Mary D’Aye, great-grand-daughter of the Lord Protector Cromwell; she died Nov. 5, 1765, aged 75; on the south side of the chancel is buried Dr. John Ward, who died in 1641, aged 125. The registers are complete from the year 1558. The living is a vicarage, with the chapelry of Barway annexed, joint net yearly value £940, including 1 acre of glebe, with residence, in the gift of Pembroke College, Cambridge, and held since 1874 by the Rev. John Cyprian Rust M.A. formerly fellow of that college, and rural dean of Fordham; the Masters and Fellows of Pembroke College are the rectors.

    The Congregational chapel was first founded in 1700, the present edifice being built about 1837 and will seat 400 persons. In 1880 a school room, with class rooms, was built near the chapel, and there is also a minister’s house. The Wesleyan chapel, erected in 1841, affords 200 sittings; the Primitive Methodist chapel, erected in 1869, will seat 300 and has Sunday school and class rooms, erected in 1890; and there is another Primitive Methodist chapel at Soham Fen, erected in 1872, and seating 164 persons. The Baptist chapel, erected in 1752 and rebuilt in 1837, seats 500; this chapel was the first pastoral charge, in 1775, of the Rev. Andrew Fuller D.D. a celebrated Baptist minister, born at Wicken, in 1754, who was educated at the Free school here and died 7 May, 1815.

    A Cemetery, of 3 ¾ acres, was formed in 1856, at a cost of £2,700; it is under the control of the Parish Council.

    A cattle fair is held on the 9th of May and a pleasure fair or feast on the Monday next before the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, and continues for three days.

    There are five clubs, viz.: the Loyal Star of Charity Lodge (No. 3,710) of Odd Fellows, held at the Court house; Loyal Ancient Order of Shepherds, the meetings being held at the Red Lion Inn; the United Brethren Friendly Society, the meetings of which are held at the White Hart Hotel; the Star of Providence Society, whose meetings are held at the Queen’s Arms Inn; and the Soham Friendly Society, which meets at the Primitive Methodist Schoolroom.

    The Liberal and Conservative Associations have also each club houses in the town, comprising large rooms for meetings and reading, the latter having a good billiard room and an excellent hall, fitted with a stage for dramatic performances.

    The People’s Hall, in Station road, contains reading and recreation rooms.

    There are six almshouses, granted by Thomas Peachey, in April, 1582, and occupied by poor and aged persons; to these a portion of the fen lands was allotted by the Commissioners of the Bedford Level in lieu of the common rights.

    Charities:-In 1674 Dr. Benjamin Laney, Bishop of Ely (1667—75), bequeathed by deed 200a. 1r. 24p. of land, now (1904) producing £245 5s. yearly, in trust for binding apprentices, children of the poor inhabitants of Ely and Soham, paying not more then £20 with each. George Goward esq. by deed, in 1744, left is acres of land, called “Soham Cote Piece,” £6 of the proceeds of which are given away annually in bread to the poor and the remainder assigned for charitable purposes to the parish of Lakenheath. Richard Bond, by deed in 1502, gave 22a. 22p. in divers parts of Soham and Fordham, in trust for the repairs of the church and highways; also three tenements near the Free school, as well as 10a. 2r. 16p. in Soham, for the benefit of the poor. Wright’s gift, dating from about 1540, consists of three acres of copyhold land, called “Brook Dam Close,” the produce of which is for the repairs of the church. Tyler’s gift, dating from 1630, consists of three roods of land, being part of “Brook Dam Close,” also for the benefit of the poor. There is also a charity, called “Soham Church Rents,” the donor of which is not known; a rent-charge on land near Barway, and the like from an estate called “Lug Hill,” amounting together to £1 13s. 4d. for the repairs of the church. By a scheme dated 25 Sept. 1896, Bond’s poor charity has been united with some smaller charities and made applicable for various purposes for the benefit of the sick poor; and at the same time the charities applicable to the repairs of the church were separated and placed under distinct management. The Town Lot, or Allotment, set out in 1663 as 48 acres, but now let as 46a. 2r. 21p. is for the benefit of the most impotent of the poor of Soham. Mrs. Cawthorne, by deed in 1750, left freehold lands in Soham, 4a. 2r.; 30s. to be paid yearly to the clerk of Barway chapel, the rest to such of the sick poor as are communicants of the Church of England and not in receipt of parish relief. There is also a property called “The Hundred Acres,” let in allotments, the profits from which are divided annually amongst the persons entitled to common rights on the various commons.

    Cyril Dunn-Gardner esq. of Fordham Abbey, is lord of the manor. The rectory manor is held by the Master and Fellows of Pembroke College, Cambridge. The principal landowners are John Dunn-Gardner esq.; Cyril Dunn-Gardner esq.; Thomas Brown Whiting esq. J.P.; Mrs. Mary Taylor, and Charles Morbey esq. of Beechurst.

    The parish is extensive, being in one direction more then 9 miles in length. The Fen, which covers 8,000 acres, has now, owing to the superior method of drainage, been brought into a high state of cultivation: there was formerly a large mere or lake on the western side of the town: there are many orchards and gardens, and large quantities of fruit, especially plums, are yearly sent to London. Norwich, Liverpool, Newcastle, Bradford, Leeds and Manchester.

    The area is 12,946 acres of land and 53 of water; rateable value, £23,439; and the population in 1901 was 4,230.

    PLACES OF WORSHIP, with times of services

    St. Andrew’s Church, Rev. John Cyprian Rust M.A. vicar; Rev. Herbert Theodore Havard-Jones M.A. curate; 8 & 11 a.m. & 3 & 6.30 p.m.

    Baptist, Rev. William Hughes; 10.30 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Mon. 7.15 p.m.

    Congregational, Rev. Harry Charles Gaut; 11 a.m. & 6.30 p.m.; Wed. 7 p.m.

    Primitive Methodist; 10.45 a m. & 6.30 p.m.; Tues. & Thur. 7.30 p.m.

    Primitive Methodist (Fen); 10.45 a.m. & & 2.30 & 6.30 p.m.; Wed. 7 p.m.

    Wesleyan; 10.30 a.m. & 3 & 6.30 p.m.; Mon. 7.15 p.m.

    SCHOOLS

    The Endowed Grammar School for Boys, founded in the second year of James II. (1686), was re-constructed in 1877, under a new scheme, as a Middle Class school, & is now a Secondary school in Div. B under the Board of Education. The junior scholarships offered by the Cambridgeshire County Council have been tenable here since 1896, & the Isle of Ely scholarships are also now tenable here; examinations are also held here in connection with the Science & Art Department of the Board of Education, South Kensington, & the school is preparatory for the examinations of the Pharmaceutical Society, the Oxford & Cambridge Local Examinations, those of the Incorporated Law Society & the Preliminary Medical examinations. In 1902 large laboratories & a room for woodwork were added. There are seven entrance scholarships, open to boys who must have attended one of the local Council Schools for three years, & awarded annually in July. The Boys’ School Charity, dating from 1687 & now applied to the Grammar school, consists of 116 acres of land in trust for the purpose of apprenticing boys of this parish, & for providing an income for the schoolmaster, the vicar for the time being one of the trustees; the same trust includes three acres of land, the moneys arising from which are applied to the repairing of “Rose Field Lane;” this charity is now administered under a scheme sanctioned by the Charity Commissioners by a body of 12 governors; chairman, Rev. J. C. Rust M.A.; the school will hold 70 boys, & there are now (1904) about 65, including 25 boarders.

    The three following Public Elementary Schools are controlled, under “Education Act, 1902,” by a board of 9 managers acting under the Cambridgeshire County Education Committee; Rev. John Cyprian Rust M.A. chairman; Laurence H. Adams, High street, Soham, correspondent.

    Town’s end (boys), erected in 1875, for 180 children; average attendance, 175.

    Clay street (infants), erected in 1875, for 150 children; since enlarged; average attendance, 272.

    Soham Fen (mixed), erected in 1886, for 50 children; average attendance, 44.

    The Undermentioned school is controlled by a board of 6 managers.

    Barway, Clay street (girls), enlarged in 1901, for 220 children; average attendance, 162.

    Kelly's Directory of Cambridgeshire (1904)

    Surnames Found in Soham

    RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
    1Palmer1122.81
    2Johnson1082.71
    3Martin962.41
    4Leonard751.88
    5Gilby621.56
    6Horsley611.53
    7Cater551.38
    8Hobbs541.36
    9Collen511.28
    10Hills481.21
    11Brown471.18
    12Fordham471.18
    13King451.13
    14Clark441.10
    15Bailey431.08
    16Peacock380.95
    17Murfet360.90
    18Fuller360.90
    19Edwards330.83
    20Shaw330.83
    21Mann330.83
    22Lambert320.80
    23Norman290.73
    24Pollard290.73
    25West280.70
    26White280.70
    27Smith270.68
    28Long260.65
    29Clements260.65
    30Munns260.65
    31Reeve250.63
    32Taylor250.63
    33Hayhoe250.63
    34Bradley240.60
    35Dennis230.58
    36Turner230.58
    37Bullman230.58
    38Jackson230.58
    39Bishop220.55
    40Darnell220.55
    41Hitch220.55
    42Stittle210.53
    43Attlesey210.53
    44Elsden200.50
    45Sizer200.50
    46Isaacson200.50
    47Barber200.50
    48Peachey200.50
    49Hook190.48
    50Fletcher190.48
    51Gillson190.48
    52Marriott180.45
    53Webb180.45
    54Murfit180.45
    55Wake180.45
    56Thorby180.45
    57Audus170.43
    58Fyson170.43
    59Malton170.43
    60Watson170.43
    61Howe170.43
    62Seymour170.43
    63Seal160.40
    64Steadman160.40
    65Aspland160.40
    66Beeton160.40
    67Canham150.38
    68Cooper150.38
    69Stimson150.38
    70Bradshaw150.38
    71Easey150.38
    72Badcock140.35
    73Jarvis140.35
    74Miller140.35
    75Morley140.35
    76Staples140.35
    77Mason140.35
    78Cross140.35
    79Carman130.33
    80Ames130.33
    81Cowell130.33
    82Lyon130.33
    83Eden120.30
    84Rust120.30
    85Hunt120.30
    86Malden120.30
    87Bobby120.30
    88Creek110.28
    89Dewsbury110.28
    90Pleasance110.28
    91Hart110.28
    92Morris110.28
    93How110.28
    94Tebbitt110.28
    95Bye110.28
    96Newman110.28
    97Plumb110.28
    98Frost100.25
    99Papworth100.25
    100Challis100.25

    * Statistics based on the 1881 census