Little Wittenham Genealogical Records

Little Wittenham Birth & Baptism Records

England & Wales Birth Index (1837-2006)

An index to births registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of birth certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Berkshire Birth Index (1837-2012)

An index to births registered in Berkshire. This index lists sub-registration district, which helps to narrow down your search.

FreeBMD Births (1837-1957)

An index to births registered at the central authority for England & Wales. The index provides the area where the birth was registered, mother's maiden name from September 1911 and a reference to order a birth certificate.

British Army Birth Index (1761-2005)

An index to births registered to British Army personal at home and abroad.

Birth Notices from The Times (1983-2003)

An index to over 100,000 birth and christening notices from The London Times.

Little Wittenham Marriage & Divorce Records

England & Wales Marriage Index (1837-2008)

An index to marriages registered throughout England & Wales. This is the only national marriage index that allows you to search by both spouse's names. Provides a reference to order copies of marriage certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Berkshire Marriage Index (1837-2012)

An index to Marriages registered in Berkshire. This index lists sub-registration district, which helps to narrow down your search.

Vicar General’s Office Marriage Licences (1600-1679)

Abstracts of marriage licences granted by the Vicar-General in London. These licences could be used to marry in any church in the Province of Canterbury.

UK Divorce Records (1858-1911)

Digital images of documents from civil divorce cases. The cases cover both the cause of the case and the outcome, such as division of property and visitation rights. These records also contain details of illegitimate children. Cases can be searched by a name index.

FreeBMD Marriages (1837-1961)

An index to marriages registered at the central authority for England & Wales. To March 1912 only the area of registration and name of one party is given. From then on, the spouse's surname is also given. Provides a reference, which can be used to order a marriage certificate with more details.

Little Wittenham Death & Burial Records

England & Wales Death Index (1837-2006)

An index to deaths registered throughout England & Wales. Provides a reference to order copies of death certificates from the national registrar of births, marriages and deaths – the General Register Office.

Berkshire Death Index (1837-2012)

An index to deaths registered in Berkshire. This index lists sub-registration district, which helps to narrow down your search.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

FreeBMD Deaths (1837-1964)

An index to deaths registered at the central authority for England and Wales. To 1866, only the locality the death was registered in was listed. Age was listed until 1969, when the deceased's date of birth was listed. Provides a reference to order a death certificate, which has further details.

British Army Death Index (1796-2005)

An index to deaths of British Army personal at home and abroad.

Little Wittenham Church Records

The Baptists of Berkshire (1650-1951)

A book detailing the history of the Baptist church in Berkshire, from origins, to persecution, to consolidation.

Congregational Church in the Berks, Oxon & Bucks (1414-1905)

A history of Congregationalism in Berkshire, South Oxfordshire and South Buckinghamshire, with profiles of each church.

Historic Churches in Berkshire (1100-2000)

Histories and photographs of Berkshire churches, shrines, abbeys and priories.

Thames Valley Papists (303-1829)

A well illustrated book, outlining the history of Catholics in the Thames Valley, with special notice to conspiracies, executions etc.

Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1663-1859)

An index to names and places mentioned in act books of the Province of Canterbury. It records various licences and conferments, such as marriage and physician licences.

Little Wittenham Census & Population Lists

England, Wales, IoM & Channel Islands 1911 Census (1911)

The 1911 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1901 British Census (1901)

The 1901 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1891 British Census (1891)

The 1891 census provides details on an individual's age, residence, place of birth, relations and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows searches on for multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

1881 British Census (1881)

The 1881 census provides details on an individual's age, residence and occupation. FindMyPast's index allows for searches on multiple metrics including occupation and residence.

British Phone Books (1880-1984)

Directories containing over 275,000,000 entries. As well as name, address and phone number, occupations are often recorded. A useful census substitute.

Little Wittenham Wills & Probate Records

England & Wales National Probate Calendar (1858-1966)

Searchable index and original images of over 12.5 million probates and administrations granted by civil registries. Entries usually include the testator's name, date of death, date of probate and registry. Names of relations may be given.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1649-1660)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1581-1595)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1581-1619)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Prerogative Court of Canterbury Admon Index (1559-1571)

An index to estate administrations performed by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. The index covers the southern two thirds of England & Wales, but may also contain entries for northerners.

Newspapers Covering Little Wittenham

Reading Mercury (1770-1903)

A database allowing full text searches of a newspaper covering local news, family announcements, obituaries, court proceedings, business notices and more in the Reading area.

Oxford Journal (1753-1900)

A local paper including news from the Oxford area, legal & governmental proceedings, family announcements, business notices, advertisements and more.

Western Gazette (1863-1950)

A regional newspaper covering the counties of Somerset, Dorset, Wiltshire Hampshire and Berkshire. It covers local and national news, family announcements, business news, legal proceedings and more.

Berkshire Chronicle (1825-1877)

A conservative newspaper, publishing local news, family notices etc. It has a particular interest in agriculture.

The Daily Herald (1926)

A London newspaper that later became The Sun.

Little Wittenham Obituaries

iAnnounce Obituaries (2006-Present)

The UKs largest repository of obituaries, containing millions of searchable notices.

United Kingdom and Ireland Obituary Collection (1882-Present)

A growing collection currently containing over 425,000 abstracts of obituaries with reference to the location of the full obituary.

Quakers Annual Monitor (1847-1848)

A collection of 364 obituaries of Quakers from the British Isles. The volume was published in 1849 and includes obituaries of those who died in late 1847 through 1848.

Musgrave's Obituaries (1421-1800)

This transcribed and searchable work by Sir William Musgrave contains 10,000s of brief obituaries. The work is a reference point for other works containing information on an individual.

British Medical Journal (1849-Present)

A text index and digital images of all editions of a journal containing medical articles and obituaries of medical practitioners.

Little Wittenham Cemeteries

Berkshire Church Monuments (1300-1900)

Photographs and descriptions of Berkshire's most illustrious church monuments, often featuring effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Hampshire Church Monuments (1400-1700)

Photographs and descriptions of some of Hampshire's most illustrious church monuments. They often feature effigies, medieval inscriptions and heraldic devices.

Deceased Online (1629-Present)

Images of millions of pages from cemetery and crematoria registers, photographs of memorials, cemetery plans and more. Records can be search by a name index.

Billion Graves (1200-Present)

Photographs and transcriptions of millions of gravestones from cemeteries around the world.

Mausolea and Monuments (1500-Present)

Profiles of several hundred mausolea found in the British Isles.

Little Wittenham Directories & Gazetteers

Kelly's Directory of Berkshire (1915)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key contemporary and historical facts. Each place has a list of residents and businesses. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions.

Kelly's Directory of Berkshire (1907)

A comprehensive place-by-place gazetteer, listing key historical and contemporary facts. Contains details on local schools, churches, government and other institutions. Also contains a list of residents and businesses for each place.

Kelly's Directory of Berkshire (1903)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Kelly's Directory of Berkshire (1899-1939)

A collection of directories detailing the history, agriculture, topography, economy and leading commercial, professional and private residents of Berkshire.

Kelly's Directory of Berkshire (1899)

A directory of residents and businesses; with a description of each settlement, containing details on its history, public institutions, churches, postal services, governance and more.

Act Books of the Archbishops of Canterbury (1663-1859)

An index to names and places mentioned in act books of the Province of Canterbury. It records various licences and conferments, such as marriage and physician licences.

High Sheriffs of Berkshire (1066-1566)

A list of the county's high sheriffs, some with links to biographies.

Home Office Prison Calendars (1868-1929)

Records of over 300,000 prisoners held by quarter sessions in England & Wales. Records may contain age, occupation, criminal history, offence and trial proceedings.

Central Criminal Court After-trial Calendars (1855-1931)

Over 175,000 records detailing prisoner's alleged offences and the outcome of their trial. Contains genealogical information.

Prison Hulk Registers (1802-1849)

From the late 18th century many prisoners in Britain were kept on decommissioned ships known as hulks. This collection contains nearly 50 years of registers for various ships. Details given include: prisoner's name, date received, age, year of birth and conviction details.

Little Wittenham Taxation Records

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures (1710-1811)

An index linked to original images of registers recording apprenticeship indentures. Details are given on the trade and nature of apprenticeship. Many records list the parents of the apprentice.

Red Book of the Exchequer (1066-1230)

A compilation of records from the Court of the Exchequer primarily dealing with taxes and land. These records are in Latin.

Index to Death Duty Registers (1796-1903)

An index to wills and administrations that incurred a death duty tax. The index can be used to order documents that give a brief abstract of the will and details on the duty. It can be used as a make-shift probate index.

Testa De Nevill (1198-1251)

An account of knights' fees and serjeanties in the reigns of Henry the Third and Edward the First.

Little Wittenham Land & Property Records

Enclosure in Berkshire (1738-1883)

Digital images of maps recording the distribution of common land. Maps can be viewed by location and an interactive map. Also includes award documents, which can be searched by name.

Berkshire Domesday Extracts (1066)

Extracts for Berkshire settlements found in the Domesday book. Includes the modern & 11th century place name, land owners and details of later history.

Land Tax Redemption (1798-1811)

This vital collection details almost 1.2 million properties eligible for land tax. Records include the name of the landowner, occupier, amount assessed and sometimes the name and/or description of the property. It is a useful starting point for locating relevant estate records and establishing the succession of tenancies and freehold. Most records cover 1798, but some extend up to 1811.

UK Poll Books and Electoral Rolls (1538-1893)

Poll books record the names of voters and the direction of their vote. Until 1872 only landholders could vote, so not everyone will be listed. Useful for discerning an ancestor's political leanings and landholdings. The collection is supplemented with other records relating to the vote.

Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem (1236-1291)

Abstracts of records detailing the estates and families of deceased tenants from the reigns of Henry III and Edward I.

Little Wittenham Occupation & Business Records

Broadmoor Revealed (1863-2013)

A book primarily detailing the famous and not-so-famous inmates of Berkshire's famous lunatic asylum.

Berkshire Police Examination Books (1856-1929)

A name index to records that detail appointment to the Berkshire police.

Horse-racing in Berkshire (1830-1897)

An article outlining the development of horse-racing in Berkshire.

Berkshire Pub Histories (1820-Present)

Histories of Berkshire pubs, with photographs and lists of owners or operators.

South England Mines Index (1896)

Profiles of coal and metal mines in the south of England.

Little Wittenham School & Education Records

Eton School Lists (1791-1850)

A list of boys who attended Eton School, with many short biographical and genealogical details.

Old Public School Boys' Who's Who - Eton (1933)

A biographical directory of Old Etonians who were living in 1933. Contains details on the individual's parents, spouse, and siblings, personal achievements, career and address.

Teacher's Registration Council Registers (1870-1948)

A name index linked to original images of registers recording the education and careers of teachers in England & Wales.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Cambridge University Alumni (1261-1900)

A transcript of a vast scholarly work briefly chronicling the heritage, education and careers of over 150,000 Cambridge University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Pedigrees & Family Trees Covering Little Wittenham

Berkshire Gentry Families (1200-1838)

A number of pedigrees and family histories, including heraldry and extracts from visitations.

Victoria County History: Berkshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

Pedigrees of Berkshire Families (1066-1837)

Hand-draw genealogical charts covering Berkshire's gentry. Includes descriptions of coats of arms.

Pedigrees of Berkshire Families (1000-1837)

A manuscript-book detailing notable Berkshire families. Includes biographical details, coats of arms and historical notes.

Ford's Landed Gentry of Berkshire (1000-2004)

A genealogical database with pedigrees of Berkshire gentry families.

Little Wittenham Royalty, Nobility & Heraldry Records

Berkshire Gentry Families (1200-1838)

A number of pedigrees and family histories, including heraldry and extracts from visitations.

Victoria County History: Berkshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

Pedigrees of Berkshire Families (1066-1837)

Hand-draw genealogical charts covering Berkshire's gentry. Includes descriptions of coats of arms.

Visitations of Berkshire: 1532, 1566, 1623 & 1664-6 (1000-1666)

Four works rendering 16th and 17th century heraldic visitations in pedigree form. These works may list the lineage, marriage and collateral lines of Berkshire families who had the right to bear a coat of arms.

Pedigrees of Berkshire Families (1000-1837)

A manuscript-book detailing notable Berkshire families. Includes biographical details, coats of arms and historical notes.

Little Wittenham Military Records

Berkshire & Wiltshire War Diaries (1914-1945)

Transcriptions of war diaries covering 15 regiments during World War I & II. The records detail war action and record names, generally those of officers.

War Service of the 1/4 Royal Berkshire Regiment (1914-1918)

A narrative of the regiment's movements during World War I. Includes a list of the regiment's personnel and decorations.

West Berkshire War Memorials (1914-1945)

A list of memorials recording those who fought and died in the world wars. Includes photographs and lists of names adorning them.

8th Royal Berkshire Regiment Officers (1914-1918)

An investigation into the officers of the regiment during WWI. Includes some primary source material.

Berkshire WWI Memorials (1914-1918)

A list of names found on World War One monuments in Berkshire, with some service details.

Little Wittenham Immigration & Travel Records

Passenger Lists Leaving UK (1890-1960)

A name index connected to original images of passenger lists recording people travelling from Britain to destinations outside Europe. Records may detail a passenger's age or date of birth, residence, occupation, destination and more.

UK Incoming Passenger Lists (1878-1960)

A full index of passenger lists for vessels arriving in the UK linked to original images. Does not include lists from vessels sailing from European ports. Early entries can be brief, but later entries may include dates of births, occupations, home addresses and more. Useful for documenting immigration.

Alien Arrivals in England (1810-1869)

Details on over 600,000 non-British citizens arriving in England. Often includes age and professions. Useful for discerning the origin of immigrants.

17th Century British Emigrants to the U.S. (1600-1700)

Details on thousands of 17th century British immigrants to the U.S., detailing their origins and nature of their immigration.

Migration from North America to Britain & Ireland (1858-1870)

A list of over 40,000 passengers traveling from North America to the British Isles. Details of passengers may include: occupation, nationality, gender, age, martial status, class, destination, and details of the vessel they sailed on.

Little Wittenham Histories & Books

Victoria County History: Berkshire (1086-1900)

A detailed history of the county's hundreds, parishes and religious houses.

Berkshire Towns & Villages (2000 BC-2004)

Profiles of over 100 towns and villages in Berkshire, illustrated with photographs.

Berkshire Legends (849-1920)

A number of Berkshire legends and folk tales, including ballads and ghost stories.

Berkshire Church Photographs (1890-Present)

Photographs and images of churches in Berkshire.

Berkshire Boundaries and Population (1834-2001)

A history of some of Berkshire's boundaries and its population in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Biographical Directories Covering Little Wittenham

Eton School Lists (1791-1850)

A list of boys who attended Eton School, with many short biographical and genealogical details.

Berkshire Biographies (456-1900)

Over 300 biographies of Berkshire men and women.

Old Public School Boys' Who's Who - Eton (1933)

A biographical directory of Old Etonians who were living in 1933. Contains details on the individual's parents, spouse, and siblings, personal achievements, career and address.

Berkshire Aviators (1927-1960)

Biographies of the earliest Berkshire residents to take to the air.

Oxford University Alumni (1500-1886)

A name index linked to original images of short biographies for over 120,000 Oxford University students. This is a particularly useful source for tracing the ancestry of the landed gentry.

Little Wittenham Maps

Enclosure in Berkshire (1738-1883)

Digital images of maps recording the distribution of common land. Maps can be viewed by location and an interactive map. Also includes award documents, which can be searched by name.

Berkshire Parish Map (1841-1895)

A map naming and delineating parishes in the county of Berkshire. Also outlines poor law unions.

Maps of Berkshire (1607-1892)

A collection of digitalised maps covering the county.

John Fisher's Map of Berkshire (1840)

A map of the country depicting settlements, rail lines, roads, forests etc.

Berkshire Maps (1610-2004)

A selection of Berkshire maps, particularly from the early modern period. Includes a map showing royalist and parliamentarian divisions in the county.

Little Wittenham Reference Works

England Research Guide (1538-Present)

A beginner’s guide to researching ancestry in England.

Parish Register Abstract (1538-1812)

Compiled in 1831, this book details the coverage and condition of parish registers in England & Wales.

Building History Research Guide (1066-Present)

A comprehensive guide to researching the history of buildings in the British Isles.

Surname Origins (1790-1911)

A service that provides advanced and custom surname maps for the British Isles and the US.

British Family Mottoes (1189-Present)

A dictionary of around 9,000 mottoes for British families who had right to bear arms.

Little Wittenham Information

Civil & Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction:

Historical Description

LITTLE WITTENHAM, or Wittenham Abbotts, is a village and parish on the banks of the Thames, 4 ¾ miles north-west from Wallingford and 6 south-east from Abingdon, in the Northern division of the county, hundred of Ock, Abingdon petty sessional division, Wallingford union and county court district, rural deanery of Wallingford, archdeaconry of Berks and diocese of Oxford. The church of St. Peter is an edifice of stone in the Early English style, consisting of chancel and nave and an embattled western tower containing 5 bells: the east window is a memorial to the Rev. Frederick Joseph Hilliard, for 40 years rector here: in the church are brasses and other memorials to the Dunch family, some of which, until the restoration of the church in 1862, were contained in an old mortuary chapel belonging to this family, which stood in the churchyard, but this structure, a building of some size, was then pulled down and several of the monuments destroyed, the present representatives of the family being unwilling to repair it: in the tower are now two very fine tombs of marble and alabaster, with recumbent effigies, and shields of arms and Latin inscriptions above, one to Walter Dunch esq. son of William Dunch esq. and Mary, his wife, ob. June 4, 1594, erected by his mother; and the other to Sir William Dunch kt. ob. Jan. 22, 1611, erected by his parents, Edmund and Anne Dunch: on the floor of the tower is a stone with arms and inscription to Mary, eldest daughter of Edmund Dunch, wife successively of William Winchcombe, of Bucklebury, and Sir Edward Clarke kt. of Ardington, ob. Oct. 18, 1646: and another, with arms and inscription, “bestowed” by her to her first husband, William Winchcombe, ob. July 29, 1614; in a recess on the north side of the chancel is an altar tomb, on the top of which is the brass effigy of a priest vested, and below an inscription to John Churmound, rector 1433; on the north wall of the tower are brasses to John Barnes esq. “gentleman porter of the Towne and Castle of Guysnes in ffraunce,” ob. at London, 1588, and to his sister Mary, wife of William Dunch esq. with effigies (himself in armour) and inscription below; there is also a tablet to Henry Carter M.A. 50 years rector, and Anne Wilhelmina, his wife, with their daughters, Mary Ann and Elizabeth, wife of the Rev. William Palmer, vicar of Yarcombe, Devon, 1819, and memorials to John Sheen, d. June 1, 1783, and to the Cosens family, who still reside in the neighbourhood: a stained window has recently (1894) been placed on the south side of the chancel by the Rev. J. A. Stafford Hilliard B.A. vicar of Tidenham, and rector here 1861—84: there are 120 sittings. The register dates from the year 1538. The living is a rectory, average tithe rent-charge £262, with 42 acres of glebe, net income £250, with residence, in the gift of Rev. Samuel Curling Hayward, vicar of Pilsley, Derbyshire, and held since 1884 by the Rev. Percy Burd L. Th. of University College, Durham. The interest of £30, which is in the hands of the Charity Commissioners, is distributed to the poor yearly. Wittenham hills, twin eminences rising conspicuously to the south of the village, and crowned with clumps of trees, are interesting from the remains of British or Roman fortifications, which encircle the second hill (Sinodun), the fosse and ditch with the various entrances being fairly perfect. On the tree at the corner of the eastern clump are the remains of 20 lines of English verse in couplets, composed and carved in 1844—5 by the late Mr. Joseph Tubb, of Warborough Green; these verses were printed at length in the “Oxford Journal” of June 28, 1890. The manor anciently formed part of the possessions of the Abbey of Abingdon, but was subsequently held in 1547, as a grant from the Crown, by Thomas Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton K.G. and Lord Chancellor, and later by John Barnes esq. mentioned above: by the marriage of his sister to William Dunch esq. it passed into that family, and the lordship was held by the Dunches for a long series of years; Walter Dunch esq. whose monument is in the church, married Deborah, daughter and co-heir to James Pilkington, Bishop of Durham (1561—77); his nephew, Sir William Dunch kt. whose monument is also in the church, married Mary, daughter of Sir Henry Cromwell kt. of Hinchinbrooke, sister-in-law of William Hampden esq. of Great Hampden, Bucks, and aunt of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector; Edmund Dunch, eldest son of Sir William, was made by the Protector governor of Wallingford Castle, and subsequently created (April 26, 1658) Baron Burnell, of East Wittenham, but this title was disallowed at the Restoration: the Dunch family became extinct in the male line on the death, in 1719, of Edmund Dunch esq. who left two daughters and co-heiresses, Elizabeth, the elder, who married Sir George Oxenden bart. M.P. for Sandwich, and Harriet, who married Robert, 3rd Duke of Manchester. The Dunch estate here was bought in 1787 by a Mr. Hallett, grandson of the Mr. Hallett, cabinet maker, of Long Acre, London, who in 1747 purchased the greater part of “Princely Canons,” at Little Stanmore, in Middlesex, the famous residence of James Brydges, Duke of Chandos. Mr. Hallett pulled down the fine old mansion, which had been for more than two centuries in the Dunch family, retaining only a small portion (also afterwards destroyed) as a “sporting box.” Major General Apsley Cherry-Garrard, of Lamer Park, Herts, is now lord of the manor and chief landowner. The soil is clay and chalk; subsoil, clay and chalk. The chief crops are wheat, barley and beans. The parish contains 877 acres, including about 41 acres of glebe land and 11 of water; assessable value, £704; the population in 1891 was 135.

National School (mixed), for 60 children; average attendance, 36.

Kelly's Directory of Berkshire (1899)

Surnames Found in Little Wittenham

RankSurnameNo. of People% of Population
1Belcher1210.71
2Green98.04
3Didcock98.04
4Bradbury76.25
5Sims76.25
6Durbridge76.25
7Buckle76.25
8Dandridge65.36
9Manley65.36
10Wheeler65.36
11Latham54.46
12Rumble32.68
13Hewitt32.68
14Cozens32.68
15Palmer21.79
16Fowler21.79
17Burt21.79
18Smart21.79
19Hatton21.79
20Gurden10.89
21Tarry10.89
22Anger10.89
23Challis10.89
24Hiscock10.89
25Lovett10.89
26Smith10.89
27Slade10.89
28Winter10.89
29Law10.89
30Ward10.89
31Gasken10.89

* Statistics based on the 1881 census